National Repository of Grey Literature 34 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Sexual Dysfunction in the Obese Female after Bariatric Surgery.
Pichlerová, Dita ; Weiss, Petr (advisor) ; Svačina, Štěpán (referee) ; Pastor, Zlatko (referee)
6 Abstract Background: Obesity and associated comorbidities increase the probability of sexual disorders. We aimed to assess sexual satisfaction in obese women before and after bariatric surgery using the validated Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and also to assess sexual satisfaction in obese women in comparison with women of normal weight. We also compared the frequency of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) of the participants. Methods: 60 obese women 5.99 completed the questionnaire on sexual satisfaction (FSFI) before a bariatric procedure (laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, 22 women; gastric plication, 33 women; and biliopancreatic diversion, 5 women), 6 months and 12 months after the procedure, i.e. after a significant weight reduction (final BMI of . The control group consisted of 60 women of normal weight (mean BMI of 22.2 1.9 domains, with higher scores indicating better sexual function. The FSFI total score (range 2- dicating FSD. Results: Baseline sexual function in the preoperative obese female was significantly lower than in the control group of women of normal weight (p < 0.01) in each domain. Average postoperative FSFI scores increased from preoperative levels in all domains, but significant improvement occurred only in the domain for desire (p < 0.01). The results at 6 and 12 months...
Nutrition of overweight and obese peole - generation differences
Egemová, Olga ; Svačina, Štěpán (advisor) ; Kašlíková, Jiřina (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with the problems of obesity and overweight. The theoretical part includes the classification of obesity and overweight, the division of factors of origin, complications of obesity, eating disorders, and the treatment of obesity including physical activity. A section of the theoretical part considers the eating habits of different generations, and trends in eating especially among children. Furthermore, the bachelor thesis deals with the principles of healthy eating. In conclusion, there are summarized possibilities for the prevention of obesity and overweight in children and adults. In the practical part, on the basis of a questionnaire survey, the eating habits of overweight and obese trainees from different generations are evaluated and compared. Graphically, the consumption of meat, fruit and vegetables, dairy products, beverage types, as well as eating habits and physical activity are illustrated and evaluated. The evaluation is based on the quantitative questionnaire processing of two age categories in groups of obese and overweight people attending STOB group exercises and group exercises in Prague 4 Branik. The aim of the bachelor thesis is to compare the eating habits of overweight and obese individuals belonging to different generations and to draw the readers'...
Awareness of pregnant women about appropriate diet during pregnancy and lactation
Brandejsová, Olga ; Svačina, Štěpán (advisor) ; Krejčí, Hana (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the general knowledge of pregnant women about appropriate diet during pregnancy and breastfeeding. The thesis is divided into the theoretical and practical part. The theoretical part summarizes the knowledge of preconception nutrition, important nutrients during pregnancy, dangerous substances for the developing fetus, gestational diabetes mellitus and also includes general recommendations for pregnant and nursing women. The main objective of the practical part was to verify the respondents' knowledge of appropriate diet during pregnancy and lactation. Next, confirm or refute hypothesis number 1, whether multiparae are more informed about a diet more than the primiparae and hypothesis number 2, how many women were using preconceptual folic acid. An electronic questionnaire was developed to collect data and was distributed through social networks in pregnancy-oriented groups. So the questionnaire could be filled by every pregnant woman in the Czech Republic at any time according to her time. In total 491 questionnaires were processed. The results were entered into a table in Microsoft Excel and then summarized and evaluated in the form of graphs and tables. The results show that the difference in knowledge of primiparae and multiparae of appropriate diet during...
The comparison of dietary and regime habits of diabetics and nondiabetics
Kotková, Karolína ; Svačina, Štěpán (advisor) ; Pelcl, Tomáš (referee)
This bachelor's thesis is concerned with dietary and regime habits of the type 2 diabetics and non-diabetics. Diabetes mellitus is a serious illness with rising prevalence. The thesis is focused on the type 2 diabetics. Dietary and regime measures are an indispensable part of the medical treatment of this illness. The theoretical part of the thesis is dedicated to DM2, diet therapy and regime measures during DM2 and rational nutrition regarding non-diabetics. An objective of the thesis is to compare the frequency of consumption of particular groups of food and distribution of meals throughout the day between type 2 diabetic patients and non-diabetics. Regarding the group of diabetics, the thesis is also researching the relation between the length of diagnosis of diabetes and dietary habits. Data obtained are from the study FANTOM which has taken place on III. Internal clinic of the 1st Faculty of Medicine at Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague. A quantitative method in the form of a questionnaire was used to obtain the data. The results of the research regarding diabetics have shown lower consumption of unhealthy food but also lower consumption of vegetable when compared to non-diabetics. The results evaluating the relation between the length of diagnosis of diabetes and...
Patients' knowledge and experience with nutritional counselling in relation to the occurrence of certain comorbidities of obesity.
Kollerová, Martina ; Svačina, Štěpán (advisor) ; Slabá, Šárka (referee)
The objective of this bachelor thesis was to obtain a comprehensive view on nutrition counselling and confirm or disprove the need to regulate the profession of nutrition consultants. The theoretical part of the thesis explains the relationship of obesity and its comorbidities, confirms the high prevalence of comorbidities as documented by several major studies conducted on large populations, and analyses the relevant legal norms dealing with the conditions on performing a nutrition counselling. As part of this thesis a primary research was conducted, carried out as anonymous survey with patients of Obesity Centre, 3rd Medical Department, 1st Faculty of Medicine Charles University and General Faculty Hospital in Prague, with clients of Recondition Centre VŠTJ Medicina Prague and clients of commercial providers of nutrition counselling. This survey confirmed that knowledge of general nutrition recommendations is satisfactory among respondents, but they tend not to follow the recommendations. The research pointed out clients' high confidence in nutrition consultants. More than three quarters of respondents in both groups labelled weight reduction as the most distinctive service of nutritional consultants. Over ⅓ of respondents said helping patients with chronic diseases as one of the typical services...
The deficiency of Vitamins in obese patients before intervention
Wood, Denisa ; Svačina, Štěpán (advisor) ; Piecha, Roman (referee)
This thesis is devoted to the vitamin deficiency in obese patients before bariatric surgery. The purpose of this study was a detection and evaluation of the deficient vitamins in obese patients before bariatric surgery. The monitored vitamins were vitamin A, E, D, B12 and folic acid. The theoretical part of this thesis describes the general definition, functions, the daily intake of the vitamins and the division of the vitamins. It pays attention to a biochemical metabolism and the physiological functions of the monitored vitamins. Listed are the etiological determinants of obesity. It describes the physiological regulation of body weight and highlights the current interventional procedures to treat obesity. The practical part describes the methodology of monitoring the levels of the selected vitamins and the subsequent evaluation of the results. Based on the findings of the specific deficits, the risks of these deficiencies were assessed. Dietary recommendations were assembled for the patients who are being prepared for bariatric surgery. The conclusion compares other studies dealing with similar issues.
Insulin resistance and cholesterol metabolism in obese patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus - impact of weight reduction
Jiráčková, Jana ; Šmahelová, Alena (advisor) ; Souček, Miroslav (referee) ; Svačina, Štěpán (referee)
Insulin resistance and cholesterol metabolism in obese patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus - impact of weight reduction. Diabetes mellitus type 1 is characterized with an absolute insulin deficiency. Deterioration of cholesterol metabolism is well known in this disease, cholesterol absorption is typically elevated. Obesity, on the other hand, is accompanied with lower insulin sensitivity, that is known to increase cholesterol synthesis and decrease cholesterol absorption. Obese type 1. diabetics thus represent, from the metabolic view, an interresting combination of absolute and relative insulin deficiency. Aims: The aim of this study was to characterize relation of insulin resistance and representative markers of cholesterol metabolism in obese type 1 diabetics; and to characterise their dynamics during defined weight reduction programme. Methods: Metabolic and antropometric parameters of obese and lean patients with diabetes mellitus type 1. were compared one time (Phase I). The dynamics of followed parameters of subgroup of obese patients was characterized during the weight reduction programme in Phase I (before intervention), Phase II (after one week of fasting + three weeks on a diet with 150g saccharides per day) and in Phase III (after one year on a diet with 225 saccharides per day). In...
Consumption of food supplements for different groups of clients fitness center
Tůmová, Olga ; Svačina, Štěpán (advisor) ; Vilikus, Zdeněk (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with the consumption of dietary supplements for different groups of fitness center clients. The work is divided into theoretical and practical part. The theoretical part focuses on the basics of nutrition, and is described by energy intake and expenditure, macronutrients (carbohydrates, proteins and fats), micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) and drinks. The following chapter describes the basic supplements most commonly used in fitness. The practical part was processed using a questionnaire on social networks and in the fitness center Kentoya, Prague 10. The aim was to explore the most commonly used supplements, assessment of knowledge of the main effects of the supplements and visitors' experience with diets. The results are reported in tables and graphs and the answers on the internet and in the fitness center Kentoya are compared. The results show that almost 79 % of visitors to the fitness center take dietary supplements, the most widely used supplement is a protein drink. Approximately 67 % of visitors were during their life on some kind of diet and unfortunately the most common source of information concerning diet is the internet. Keywords: fitness, food supplements, supplements, nutrition, fluid intak

National Repository of Grey Literature : 34 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.