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Transport of dangerous substances by rail
The bachelor thesis focuses on the transport of dangerous substances by rail. The transport follows the instructions of international legal regulation which is called Regulations Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail (RID). The Regulations is the main document for transport of dangerous substances in the CR and also in other forty contractual countries which accepted RID's conditions. Dangerous substances are transported a lot and the increase of transported substances in the future is predictable. The theoretical part of the bachelor thesis contains an enumeration of international and internal legal regulations which are related to problems of transport of dangerous substances. The theoretical part also describes risks of dangerous chemical substances and mixtures and the labelling of dangerous substances according to RID. The Regulations includes the description of particular categories of dangerous substances, the characteristic of substances and the pattern which is used on the precautionary sign. All the means of transport which are used for transport of dangerous substances are labelled according to UN system. This precautionary labelling must be on all the wagons. The important section of the theoretical part is the chapter focuses on activities and duties of safety advisers. The end of the theoretical part is the chapter about treatment with dangerous substances which includes packaging, loading and unloading. These goals were determined for processing of this thesis: To map and to describe the transport of dangerous substances from loading to unloading. To evaluate how safety the transport of dangerous substances by rail is. To evaluate preparedness of fire and rescue services for possible extraordinary events connected with leakage of dangerous substances during the transport by rail. Thanks to analysis of available literary sources and corresponding legal regulations was discovered that European regulations and international agreements are successfully accepted into legal regulations of the CR. For fulfilment of goals and for answer a research question, it was necessary to make qualitative research via prepared questionnaires. The questionnaire was created from sixteen open questions. These questions were aimed at safety advisers from different companies in the CR. The condition was: The companies have to deal with cargo transport of dangerous substances by rail according to RID. The questionnaire was mainly focused on duties and training of safety advisers, on the transport of dangerous substances by rail and their quantity, on the description of activities during loading and unloading, on activities of employees and fire and rescue services during the extraordinary events connected with leakage of dangerous substances. It is also focused on their own evaluation how safety the transport of dangerous substances by rail is. From the five addressed companies even four safety advisers were willing to cooperate and to contribute to creation of this bachelor thesis. They were willing to cooperate despite their workload. The goals were fulfilled thanks to gained data from the questionnaires. The research question was also answered. It was discovered that the transport of dangerous substances by rail is, according to specialists, safe for all the time during the treatment with dangerous substances. The most dangerous thing is the human failure during the loading and unloading processes. The fire and rescue services intervene during the leakage of dangerous substances which happens in the course of transport. The fire and rescue services cooperate with safety advisers and they solve the actual extraordinary event. Their preparedness is on the high level. It is because of regular training where it is simulated the leakage of dangerous substances according to inner emergency plan. Finally, some of the railway transit corridors for the regular transport of dangerous substances were mapped.
Portál ČT24 positionning in the market of news webs in the Czech republic
Vejvodová, Alžběta ; Lhotáková, Markéta (advisor) ; Strašíková, Lucie (referee)
This thesis compares news web Portál ČT24 to the market leader Key part of the work is comparison of the agenda of the both news webs. The agenda itself can be considered as the main product attiring the readers. Furthermore, author identifies the aspects bringing the market leader its position and enabling the most readers of all news webs available in the Czech republic. Author also analyses news web image its the basic features and the brand used for promotion of both webs. Financial analyse of Portál ČT24 has also been made to stress out financial aspect as limiting factor of the news web development. Another part of the thesis also consists from survey executed on Portál ČT24 and readers. All the aspects mentioned above enter into the final set of recommendations for Portál ČT24. Its bullet points are maintaining of the current strenghts of Portál ČT24 (e.g. goodwill and brand positioning) as well as the wide range and quality of the news offered. Apart from this, author suggests fosterin promotion and specific changes in it. Those would include also management, particularly in the field of cooperation with other departements of the Czech Television. Cooperation should be simplified by introducing project management methods. Creating business plan in terms of Portál ČT24 development would lead to improvement of communication with the Czech Television management.

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