National Repository of Grey Literature 220 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The discourse of hybrid threats in the Czech Republic
Vítek, Stanislav ; Tesař, Jakub (advisor) ; Střítecký, Vít (referee)
The topic of hybrid threats has established itself in Czech political discourse since the beginning of Crimean crisis and it has gradually transformed the notion of Czech security policy between 2014 and 2016. The goal of this thesis is to describe the process of construction of the Czech political hybrid threat discourse. The thesis will use constructivist framework and political discourse analysis to demonstrate, that the actors of international relations in mutual interaction consider their values, ideas and identities endangered, which leads to defensive discursive actions. The thesis will present Russian perception of the international order after the end of the Cold War and the way Russian state reacts to the perception of threat to its superpower status. Then it will focus on the Ukrainian crisis, which will be presented as a consequence of Russian political discourse on international policy. Later the empiric part focusing on hybrid war and presentation of Russian discourse of hybrid war will follow and I will demonstrate, that the central narrative of the Russian discourse of hybrid war is the very opposite of the Western discourse of hybrid war. In the end, political discourse analysis of the Czech hybrid threat discourse will be performed. In the analysis I will focus on key actors of...
Effects of the Brexit referendum on the Common Security and Defence policy
Schlecht, Niclas ; Kazharski, Aliaksei (advisor) ; Plechanovová, Běla (referee) ; Střítecký, Vít (referee)
in English The Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) epitomizes the EU's aspirations to be a key actor in global security. With the Brexit the CSDP looses its biggest military power and one of its major payers. This thesis assesses how the EU dealed with the Brexit referendum and how the CSDP developed. It provides evaluation of the CSDP- related policies and asses the degree to which new developments can be traced back to the Brexit referendum and how they are infected by domestic constituencies in the EU Member States. The thesis shows that the exit of the UK gave the CSDP new possibilities to develop, that were not fully used due to domestic constraints of EU Member States.
How can bringing the digital gender divide accelerate the achievement of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals?
Smith, Joshua ; Bureš, Oldřich (advisor) ; Střítecký, Vít (referee)
The purpose of this research is to identify how bridging the online gender divide can accelerate the achievement of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. At present 200 million fewer women are online than their male counterparts, highlighting the gender inequality that exists online. The disparity in the number of women online is having a detrimental effect on the ability to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals by the United Nations target date of 2030. The research first endeavours to understand the current discourse of what is understood by the term "digital gender divide" within contemporary literature. Drawing knowledge from existing literature, the reasons for the digital gender divide are critically assessed and conceptualised within an empirical framework before offering an insight into how such barriers can be addressed and overcome. The removal of such obstacles therefore paves the way for the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals to flourish. The evidence collated throughout the study details the intricate connection between sustainable development and gender equality, concluding that considerable advancements towards sustainable development can be made if more women are online.
Glabal and Local Private Security Companies in Kenya: a balanced relationship?
Wiers, Marco ; Bureš, Oldřich (advisor) ; Střítecký, Vít (referee)
The purpose of this study is to contribute to a better understanding of the relationship between private security companies in Kenya. This thesis makes a distinction between two sorts of private security companies; global and local. The thesis argues that the relationship between the two is not balanced in favour of the global one. This conclusion has been reached by applying a Bourdieu enhanced global security assemblage approach to the Kenyan security sector. The global security assemblage approach, allowed the researcher to look into the Kenya security sector from a perspective where all actors are treated equal, instead of the more traditional way of thinking, where the state is put as the central unit of analysis. Using Bourdieu's concepts of economic, cultural and symbolic capital, the researcher was able to make a distinction between the two PSCs by looking at how much capital each PSC possessed. The conclusion of this thesis is that the global PSCs possess more capital of each form than the local. Research was done by spending two periods of three months in Kenya. During these periods the Kenya security sector was extensively observed, due to the researchers internship for a private security company. The first period formed the basis on which latter research was done. During the first...
Cryptocurrencies: Threats and Investigative Opportunities for Law Enforcement
Gonzalez, Eva ; Střítecký, Vít (advisor) ; Karásek, Tomáš (referee)
Cryptocurrencies have developed and widely spread within recent years. Their anonymous and decentralised characteristics have attracted criminals who leverage these technologies to sell and purchase illicit goods on the black market while concealing their identities and avoid prosecution. The new development of cryptocurrencies and their underlying architecture blockchain has had positive and negative effects on the success of law enforcement investigations. It is perceived as a threat when there are factors that increase the complexity of law enforcement investigations due to the use of highly anonymous cryptocurrencies and Bitcoin mixers. Cryptocurrencies are also perceived as a threat when criminals use them for money laundering purposes. Conversely, the rise of cryptocurrencies also introduces new opportunities for law enforcement investigations. Records of cryptocurrency transactions in the blockchain help law enforcement to trace suspicious addresses by the emergence and improvement of analysis tools. In parallel, anti- money laundering (AML) regulations and the financial authorities have proved to play a key role in fighting against money laundering and gather information on suspicious activities carried out through financial institutions. The analysis of this dissertation sets forth that...
Cybersecurity for Outer Space - A Transatlantic Study
Perrichon, Lisa ; Doboš, Bohumil (advisor) ; Střítecký, Vít (referee)

 Cyber attacks can target any nodes of the space infrastructure, and while these attacks are called non-violent, there is a credible capability to use cyber attacks to cause direct or indirect physical damage, injury or death. However, the vulnerability of satellites and other space assets to cyber attack is often overlooked, which is a significant failing given society's substantial and ever increasing reliance on satellite technologies. Through a policy analysis, this dissertation assess the set of political provisions provided by the European Union to address the cyber security issue of the space infrastructure. Such study aims at exploring the geopolitical consequences linked to space cyber security risks, and at assessing the political preparedness of the European Union to address these challenges. The perspective of transatlantic cooperation to further support both American and European effort to tackle this security risk is also addressed. The overarching value of the study is to contribute to future European cyber security for space and transatlantic debates by providing useful perspectives and key takeaways on these two domains. Ultimately, he existing set of policies are not sufficient to address the cyber security issue in Outer Space, a unified approach by the European Union and the United...
Securitisation of Islam and Counterterrorism Policy in France
Lesot, Coline ; Kučera, Tomáš (advisor) ; Střítecký, Vít (referee)
The Copenhagen School's theory of securitisation establishes the construction of security as a predominantly political phenomenon. The discursive formation of an issue as threatening to the survival of a referent object is therefore considered a political act that can be observed and analysed. Between 2012 and 2017, a wave of terrorist attacks took place in France, resulting in a securitarian response from the government that have been questionable regarding its impact on civil liberties. French Muslims have been the collateral victims of the new measures introduced in this time of crisis and Islamophobia have increased in the country, where integration is already problematic and the place of Islam within the secular system of France is questioned. This dissertation aims at questioning the discourse about Islam within the counterterror discourse by the government. It reveals the different legitimation strategies used as a justificatory framework for the measures implemented, and argues that the narrative of Islam within this framework result in a remote securitisation of the religion. It argues that this securitisation can affect negatively further the future relationship of the state and French Muslims, in addition to undermine the ongoing effort of integration and counter-radicalisation....
National Resilience in CyberSpace: The UK's National Cyber Security Strategy Evolving Response to Dynamic Cyber Security Challenges
Johnson, Kailyn ; Střítecký, Vít (advisor) ; Karásek, Tomáš (referee)
Criminals and other threat actors are adapting to the growing reliance individuals, organisations, and nations have upon technology and the internet and have augmented their capabilities to be oriented in that direction for malevolent purposes. Cyberspace has become an extremely large vulnerability for countries because it facilitates any person with access to a computer or other technology along with malicious intent, to cause harm. The increased risk people and organisations now face in cyberspace is not isolated to just them. Nations now are also at an increased risk because of the evolving ubiquity of cyberspace and technology. States are at risk of cyber threats because of vulnerabilities in individual citizens and organisations. Nations have now become intended targets by a larger spectrum of threat actors. This research examines how the United Kingdom has developed their specific national cyber security strategy to improve national resilience to threats, and how well the UK government adapts to an ever- changing threat landscape. The UK is still deficient in the appropriate and thorough execution of their proposed strategies and strategic policies to attain national resilience and security. There have been strides to achieve that goal, but the national strategy continues to fail to...
The Visegrad Group: an analysis of intelligence cooperation and its challenges
Recher, Elisabetta ; Ludvík, Jan (advisor) ; Střítecký, Vít (referee)
This dissertation has aimed at investigating the factors that might challenge intelligence cooperation among Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia within the Visegrad Group. In particular, in this study, it has been researchedwhether four of the potential factors that can work as challenges to intelligence cooperation are present in the case of the Visegrad Group's cooperation. In order to determine which factor can challenge multinational intelligence cooperation, the relevant literature has been consulted based on the models of cooperation that mostly resembled the Visegrad's.In order to test which factors could apply to the V4 cooperation and answer the research question of this dissertation, a comparative study of the data collected from secondary and primary sources has been conducted. The cases discussed in the analysis include, in the first chapter, Visegrad' s countries trade relations/partners and their attitudes and policy interests with respect to Russia and the EU's future; and, in the second chapter,V4's military cooperation (within NATO and the EU), defence sector's capabilities, national security strategy, and citizens' opinion aboutV4's geopolitical belonging. From the results it has emerged that of the four factors analysed in this dissertation, only two are likely to...
Involuntary Securitisation: The process of securitisation and social constructivism in Cyprus
Antoniou, Georgie ; Karásek, Tomáš (advisor) ; Střítecký, Vít (referee)
The following thesis will focus on the process of involuntary securitisation and the social construction of threats in the case study of Cyprus, a state torn in half by an ethnic conflict that has been present for forty years. Involuntary securitisation does not require a securitising actor to convince the audience that a referent object is under existential threat and accept the use of extraordinary measures to securitise it. As the audience, in the case study portrayed in this thesis, is already surrounded by what they perceive as existential threat, no negotiations are needed for them to allow extreme measures to be taken. An area that is also examined in this thesis is the process of desecuritisation and the reasons behind why it is difficult, if not impossible to achieve, in environments such as the case study examined. With evidence collected from Greek Cypriot newspapers, the author will answer research questions regarding the centrality of the conflict and its contribution to the creation of involuntary securitisation process. A thorough analysis of securitisation processes and the construction of threats will be presented in this thesis with evidence to support the arguments made. A brief history of Cyprus and the Cyprus problem will be examined in this paper to provide a background of how...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 220 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.