National Repository of Grey Literature 226 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Aspects of the environment protection within the process of exploitation of the exclusive minerals
Mach, Daniel ; Sobotka, Michal (advisor) ; Pokorný, Jiří (referee)
- XIV - Aspects of the environment protection within the process of exploitation of the exclusive minerals Abstract My diploma thesis addresses the question how the aspect of the environment protection is reflected in the mineral exploitation authorisation process. This study is focussed on the analysis of the mining law system. Based on the findings the modification of the relevant legislation is presented in order to emphasise the environmental dimension. Key words: Mining law, environmental law, exclusive minerals.
Climate Litigation and Human Rights
Šefčíková, Adriana ; Žákovská, Karolina (advisor) ; Sobotka, Michal (referee)
Climate change has proven to be a real threat to human rights over the past years. The complex and layered link has been acknowledged, explored and nowadays it represents a justly feared aspect of climate change. Intentions of not only scientific, but also scholarly society has been therefore spinning around the question, how to stop the dangers stemming from the climate change and prevent further human rights violations. A climate litigation, born in the USA, and having spread the idea around the world seems to be one of the options to (partly) resolve the situation. The trend has been expanding over the past years and has become a phenomenon. Elderly, children and farmers take not only states, but also the biggest private emitters of GHGs known as Carbon Majors to court. The main objective of this thesis has been to discover the way to success in climate litigation cases based on human rights argumentation. The aim has been to generate an exemplary set of advices for drafters aiming at filing a climate lawsuit. Together with this question, the author had a particular interest in assessing the capability of human rights arguments to succeed on its own without additional support from other legal areas, such as tort law. The leading methodology used in this thesis was a comparison of legal arguments...
Legal Regulation of the Placing of Hazardous Chemical Substances and Mixtures on the Market in European Union Environmental Law
Kanický, Jakub ; Žákovská, Karolina (advisor) ; Sobotka, Michal (referee)
Legal Regulation of the Placing of Hazardous Chemical Substances and Mixtures on the Market in European Union Environmental Law Abstract: The aim of the thesis was to explore the main features of the legal regulation of the placing of hazardous chemical substances and mixtures on the market in European Union environmental law, namely those features which significantly affect the achievement of a high level of protection of human health and the environment. In order to fulfil this aim, two regulatory regimes governing the placing on the market of substances and mixtures were analysed: a general one, mainly represented by the REACH Regulation (No. 1907/2006) and the CLP Regulation (No. 1272/2008), and a special one, where the Plant Protection Products Regulation (No. 1107/2009) was the object of analysis. The thesis first deals with general issues of the regulation of hazardous substances and mixtures: the role of private and public law, the phenomenon of the so-called proceduralisation of environmental law and the definition of basic terms (including a detailed analysis of the concepts of hazard, hazardous properties, risk and related terms). This general part is followed by an analysis of the most important legal institutions contained in the mentioned legislation (notably registration, evaluation,...
Low emission zones as an instrument of air protection in selected European Union's states focusing on the Czech Republic
Vaňhara, Martin ; Žákovská, Karolina (advisor) ; Sobotka, Michal (referee)
The presented diploma thesis provides the comprehensive presentation about the low emission zones that become more and more used instrument of air protection in european metropolises and in smaller cities. There are already circa sixty low emission zones in Deutschland, in the Czech Republic this instrument hasn't been used yet. Therefore the diploma thesis' determined goal was to analyze the legal regulation of the low emissions zones to clearify the division consisting in absence of low emission zones in the Czech Republic. Systematicall structure of the diploma thesis into six part is the result of the author's aim to make the presentation transparent. The first part of the diploma thesis represents the introduction into the theme of the air protection and provides a brief overview of relevant legal regulations just as the analysis of air pollutants including their negative effect on the peopel's health and on the environment. The author provides the presentation of transport regulation possibilities that the cities are able to realize (excluding the low emission zones). The third part deals with the implementation of the low emission zones into the czech law and with the development of legal regulation of the low emission zones. The detailed analysis of current legal regulation regarding the...
Legal regulation of forest protection in the context of bark beetle outbreak and climate change
Matoušek, Oliver ; Pokorný, Jiří (advisor) ; Sobotka, Michal (referee)
Legal regulation of forest protection in the context of bark beetle outbreak and climate change The aim of this thesis is to analyse current legal regulation of forest protection in Czech law, primarily areas related to ongoing bark beetle outbreak with the focus on forest management. In the interest of presenting the topic in its broader context, elementary aspects of forestry and other nature sciences are briefly discussed. Author also evaluates and gives his opinions on the current legal regulation and its imperfections throughout the thesis. The thesis is divided into four main parts. The first part serves as a brief introduction into the subject matter of the thesis i.e. legal regulation regarding forest protection. The first chapter of this part discusses the term "forest" from the point of view of natural sciences and details the importance of forest and different forest functions. Second chapter of the first part discusses factors harmful to forests, mainly bark beetles, droughts and climate change and the concurrent effect of those factors. Second part of the thesis maps the evolution of Czech legal regulation and tries to find parallels between previous and today's legal regulation. Oldest discussed legal document is the Maiestas Carolina of the 14th century. Thesis then moves on to the...
Effort sharing as a legal measure of climate protection
Srb, Jáchym ; Pokorný, Jiří (advisor) ; Sobotka, Michal (referee)
Master thesis "Effort sharing as a legal measure of climate protection" strives to give a comprehensive account of the key characteristics of the effort sharing system, which is one of the two principal EU mitigation tools of the EU. In order to provide a better insight, the thesis first discusses the topic in context of economic theory and international law on climate. The thesis itself is divided into four chapters. First chapter defines the object of climate regulation i.e. greenhouse gases their production and the legal framework of their measuring and accounting.Second chapter focuses on the economic background of climate regulation and it compares different theoretical approaches with existing regulation in force on international and European level. Third chapter gives basic account of the international framework of climate law and specifically on the international mitigation obligations of the EU, which are relevant for the EU law. Fourth and final chapter describes the main aspects of the effort sharing system in contrast to the EU ETS. It draws mainly from the Decision no. 406/2009/ES, which is currently in force and the Regulation no. 2018/842, which will shape the effort sharing system for the 2021 - 2030 period. In four sub- chapters it focuses on the definition of regulated emission...
Liability for environmental damages
Traurig, Vítězslav ; Sobotka, Michal (advisor) ; Pokorný, Jiří (referee)
Thesis title Liability for environmental damages Abstract This thesis deals with the position of the institute of liability for environmental damages in the Czech legal order. This is a relatively complex issue in the field of environmental law, which has been constantly evolving. The environment extends beyond national borders, therefore legislation of the environmental protection, including liability for environmental damages, is strongly influenced by international law and, in particular, European law. Liability for environmental damages is one type of the liability for environmental losses and together with liability for public torts (crimes and contraventions) it forms the concept of legal environmental liability. The aim of this work is to analyse the institute of liability for environmental damages in detail and to analyse its individual aspects in a comprehensive way. Because of the fragmentation of legislation and different views of individual acts on the concept of environmental damages, this thesis focuses on the analysis of these views and explanation of the acts' purposes. The most important and in practice the only legislation applied in this area is the system of imposing preventive and remedial measures in the acts regulating individual environmental components and sources of environmental...
Criminal Law Protection of the Environment
Kříž, Jan ; Sobotka, Michal (advisor) ; Stejskal, Vojtěch (referee)
Criminal Law Protection of the Environment The subject matter of this diploma thesis is the topic of criminal law protection of the environment in the Czech Republic. The main attention is paid to the current legal regulation of criminal offenses against the environment in the Criminal Code. In addition to a more detailed analysis of the individual criminal environmental offenses, the thesis deals with the basic theoretical background of the criminal law protection of the environment, with the issues of legal liability in the field of environmental law and with the comparison of criminal liability with administrative liability. Further is discussed the question of criminal liability of legal entities in connection with environmental protection and at last but not least is also described the historical development and current forms of individual international, European and national legal sources of criminal protection of the environment. Keywords: Environmental Protection, Criminal Liability, Environmental Crime
Legal aspects of water retention in the landscape
Houžvičková, Markéta ; Žákovská, Karolina (advisor) ; Sobotka, Michal (referee)
Legal aspects of water retention in the landscape Abstract This diploma thesis deals with the legal aspects of water retention in the landscape in response to the current problems associated with impaired landscape retention capacity such as drought, erosion or floods. The author first outlines the factual and legal context of the issue, which is followed by an analysis of conceptual, administrative-legal and economic instruments of the Czech legal order that can improve water retention capabilities of the landscape. The diploma thesis analyses the relevant instruments of the Water Act, Forest Act, Act on the protection of agricultural land or Act on protection of nature and landscape. Consequently, it deals with the role of land-use planning, land consolidation and environmental impact assessment for the issue. The thesis includes comprehensive evaluation of the relevant legal regulation in terms of its effectiveness and possible proposals de lege ferenda.
Public participation in land-use planning
Dvořák, Adam ; Derlich, Stanislav (advisor) ; Sobotka, Michal (referee)
1 Abstract This thesis analyzes and describes legal possibilities, which are given to the public for participation in land-use planning. The aim of this thesis is to reach to conclusion, if the public can, as one of the subjects of land-use planning, play a crucial role in this matter or if her role is rather marginal. The author firstly defines the basic terms as "public" and "land-use planning". Besides, he outlines the issue of the status of environmental associations, which is one of the main topics of this thesis. Subsequently, he categorizes land-use planning tools into conceptional and implementation tools. Further, he continues with basic characteristic of individual tools and their mutual relations. For each tool, he describes its function, content and typical features. In following chapters, author detailly describes and analyzes concrete public possibilities, means and tools for participation in land-use planning. He always doing so in the relation to specific land-use planning tools. The analysis is not limited only to the current state of legislation, but also examines its development since the adoption of the Building Act in 2007. The crucial object of the analysis is the relevant court case law, which is in this thesis detailly described and discussed and which in last few years has undergone...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 226 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
5 Sobotka, Martin
2 Sobotka, Milan
2 Sobotka, Miloslav
4 Sobotka, Miroslav
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