National Repository of Grey Literature 9 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Transfer/Expulsion in the czech and german memory Cultures
Smyčka, Václav ; Weinberg, Manfred (advisor) ; Urválek, Aleš (referee) ; Schneider, Thomas (referee)
The thesis analyzes how the expulsion of Germans from Czechoslovakia is treated, interpreted and staged. It concentrates on two questions: what strategies do the authors use to recover the memory of the events and how do the different communities translate and share their memories? In the first part I sketch the development of the political contexts and discourses of expulsion in German and Czech memory culture on the basis of the model of ‚floating gap' by Jan Assman. In the second part, I present seven ‚strategies of commemoration' (Documenting, Interpreting, Investigating, Exhibiting of fragmentarized Memories, Swearing/staging of Trauma, Drawing of Genealogies, Reading in Landscapes), which the authors use in Literature (and Art) to represent the expulsion. The third part focuses finally on the problem of intercultural translation of memories, its shareability and the inner dialogism. The constant line of the analysis is the irreductibility of connection of memory and forgetting, which underline each other from the level of text to the level of memory politic.
The production of modernity and the time hiatus
Smyčka, Václav
The topic of this study is the emergence of the modern time regime during what is known as the Sattelzeit, i.e. the turn of the 18th and the 19th centuries in the Central European context. This transformation in temporality is even thematized historically at the theoretical level as a topos of cultural studies using several material examples summarized within three chronological profiles. While the first part of the study focuses on criticism of the various ways to describe this transformation in historical temporality, the second part is meant to demonstrate the specific application of the approach developed by Reinhard Koselleck, and in particular by Aleida Assmann and Niklas Luhmann. These describe the transformation of the time regime as an attempt by society to create its own temporal structures by narrowing down the present in order to facilitate the operationalization of experience and expectations. A clearer division of experience into lived and expected, old and new, facilitates the selection of memory and likewise the selective formation of future action scenarios. However, this imposition of a time hiatus upon an ever narrowing present may only produce modernity at the expense of the present being perceived as an unstable, ever-fugitive point, which paradoxically does not offer sufficient space for action. Hence the present in the modern time regime is only perceived as a rapidly passing transitional period and a crisis between a transparent past and a clearly illuminated future. Material cross-sections through Czech history, journalism, philosophy of history and literature from the 1790s, the Napoleonic Wars and the end of the pre-1848 period are presented by the study as three stages in this process of the temporalization of the modern time regime.
Social intercourse in the 18th century from the perspective of the conduct books
Hubáčková, Pavla ; Tinková, Daniela (advisor) ; Smyčka, Václav (referee)
Based on the 18th century German-written conduct books, this bachelor thesis studies strategies that were recommended to the then readers in pursuit of successful life; what was or was not acceptable, what parts of human behaviour they paid attention to, and how the individual authors' perspectives differed. The thesis centres around Karl Heinrich Seibt'sKlugheitslehre, examined by content analysis and compared to other literature. It also defines some of the concepts found in the conduct books, such as politeness or cleverness.
Optical Devices in Literature around the Year 1800
Smyčka, Václav
The study examines the relationship between literature and optical media (zograscopes, peepshows and magic laterns) in the late 18th century and the first half of the 19th century, in other words before the advent of photography and film. It is based on the theses of the media theorist Friedrich Kittler about the mutual overlap and delimitation between literary imagination, optical devices and anthropological ideas about human fantasy. It examines these relationships in the works of literature writen in Czech and German in the czech lands during this period, focusing in particular on texts by Christian Heinrich Spiess and his role played in them by the magic latern. An analysis of Spiess´ works and examples from other 19th - century Czech and Czech-German authorsshows, that from the end of the 18th century the magic latern became not only a frequent literyry motif, but also a model though which these authors understood the functioning of the human imagination as such. It appears that in Spiess´ thought the pathological state of phantasy is relatedto the normal functioneng of the imagination in the same way as a defect in the projection apparatus is related to its normal operation. However, the magic latern also functions in Spiess´ oevre as a poetological programme. Spiess sees his own writing as criticism of the work of the optical media, but at the same time develops their specific poeticism and attempts to compensate it for it. He also disseminates imagination through multiple intermedial references, ans it thus seemingly trans-medial relationships between literature and optical media well before the announcement of the end of the Gutenberg galaxy.
The Historical Imagination of Late Enlightenment.
Smyčka, Václav ; Činátl, Kamil (advisor) ; Maur, Eduard (referee) ; Tinková, Daniela (referee)
The dissertation deals with the transformations of historiography and perception of the historical time in the last third of 18th and at the beginning of the 19th centuries. The central questions it investigates are: How has the way of locating (Czech) society in time changed? How did representations of past fundamentally change between 1760s and 1820s, in the era of the so-called "Sattelzeit"? What is the relationship between these changes and the way in which history was represented? What impact did the changes of media, book markets, and culture of reading have in this time? What are the political and aesthetic consequences of these changes? The answer to these questions is found in five fundamental innovations of Enlightenment historiography. These innovations (understood according to Niklas Luhmann's system theory in order to reduce complexity) - fundamentally influenced the way in which late Enlightenment thinkers conceptualized the flow of historical time and the praxis of historiography. It is about the spread of cumulative concepts of knowledge in historia litteraria related to the growth of book markets, narrativisation of the historical experience (as a result of emergence of the newly incoming fictional genres of the historical novels),, philosophy of history as a new idealistic...
Affect and expression in the society of enlightenment
Smyčka, Václav ; Činátl, Kamil (advisor) ; Tinková, Daniela (referee)
This work deals with the changes of rhetorical education and emotional orders in the second half of the 18th century. The aim of the research is to assess the relations among language education, funtions of medias, anthropological models and expression of emotions on the Threshold of enlightenment. The background of the research shapes the transformation of rhetorical tradition. The research of the broad field of pedagogical, rhetorical and moral discurs is focused on the collegium of Karl Heinrich Seibt.
Narrating an event: Representation of East German revolution 1989 in novel "Helden wie wir" and the historical monography "Die revolution von 1989 in der DDR"
Smyčka, Václav ; Weinberg, Manfred (advisor) ; Zbytovský, Štěpán (referee)
This work deals with the techniques of historical and counterfactual representation of East German revolution 1989 in the novel Helden wie wir and the historical monograph Endspiel: Die Revolution von 1989 in der DDR. The work describes the functions of the techniques by a narratological and hermeneutical approach. The analysis is focused on the transformations of historical and subjective time in the specific time of narratives.
Sokol performations. Semiotical-historical analysis of Sokol (1862-1882)
Smyčka, Václav ; Činátl, Kamil (advisor) ; Randák, Jan (referee)
Václav Smyčka Charles University, Faculty of arts, Departement of Czech modern history Sokol Performations. Semiotical-historical analyse of Sokol (1862-1882) Supervisor: Mgr. Kamil Činátl, Ph.D. Number of pages: 65 (own text: 63, appendix: 2) Key words: Sokol, corporeality, poststructuralism Anotation: This work deals with the formation of Sokol during the first 20 years of its existence. The work describes by a semiotic approach a radical break in body consciousness leading to the birth of new knowledge and new models of behaviour. These changes are followed both on the level of discourse (by an analysis of Sokol press) and on the level of a social practise. Formation of Sokol is described at the end in the cotext of contemporary religiosity.
Dedication as a Symbolic Code of Loyalties in Science during the Enlightenment and Pre-1848 Periods
Smyčka, Václav
The study is based on quantitative as well as qualitative research on nonfiction published between the 1780s and the 1840s, which captures how the genre of dedications developed over time. The source materials are interpreted in reference to a concept of loyalty that understands it as a social code that creates a reciprocal relationship between the autor, a social authority or patron, and the public. The code therefore serves as a means of negotiating the mutual positions of all three actors.

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