National Repository of Grey Literature 9 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The subject in Czech and in English as seen through Google Translate
Kenderová, Anna ; Malá, Markéta (advisor) ; Sláma, Jakub (referee)
This BA thesis aims to describe the differences between the Czech and English subject through the prism of Google Translate and the divergent strategies used by it to translate the subject from Czech to English. GT output is then compared to strategies used by a human translator. The theoretical part describes the history and methods of machine translation, strategies generally employed by human translators and finally, compares the form and function of the Czech and English subject. Special emphasis is put on the translation of Czech subjectless sentences and on the way the information structure influences the word-order in the languages. In the analytical part, 100 cases of non-corresponding translation of the subject by GT are excerpted and judged on the accuracy of the solution. They are then compared to the strategies used by the human translator. It was found that the most frequent non-corresponding translation strategy was in fact condensation (32%), which was not included in the initial hypothesis. In addition to condensation, construing a different clause element as the English object was the second most common (26% of excerptions, the majority of which was formed by construing Czech object as English subject.) In regard to human translation strategies, GT used the same strategy as a human...
Sense Inheritance in the Derivation by Suffixes from Polysemous Words
Sláma, Jakub ; Bozděchová, Ivana (advisor) ; Martínek, František (referee)
The present thesis deals with, and elaborates on, the concept of sense inheritance (particularly with respect to suffixation in Czech). Drawing on more general remarks on lexical meaning, polysemy, and the semantic relatedness of a derived word and its base, the theoretical part of the thesis delineates the notion of sense inheritance, originating within the framework of construction grammar. It is shown that the idea of sense inheritance has at least implicitly been present in Czech lexicology (cf. the derivational criterion for identifying senses of polysemous words) and lexicography. It is argued that the traditional Czech theory of word formation relies on the assumption of the semantic transparency or even compositionality of motivated words, which can hardly be squared with empirical evidence concerning sense inheritance, nevertheless. In the empirical part of the thesis semantic relations are analyzed that hold between derivatives within 43 word families of polysemous bases (denoting body parts), and subsequently the sense-inheritance properties of the 80 most frequent (hence established and lexicalized) derivatives with the agentive suffix -tel and polysemous base verbs are contrasted with those found in 100 hapax legomena derived from polysemous bases with the same affix. This enables not...
The prepositional phrase with the preposition at as a valency complement of nouns
Sláma, Jakub ; Dušková, Libuše (advisor) ; Šaldová, Pavlína (referee)
The present thesis deals with noun valency, its relation to reference, and factors underlying the realization of the valency potential of nouns. The theoretical part examines valency in general, delineating the basic terminology and concepts usually employed in the descriptions of valency couched within various linguistic frameworks. The theoretical part subsequently focuses more specifically on the valency of nouns, pointing out in what ways it differs from the valency of verbs. The support verb construction is introduced, and it is explained why the construction is not examined in the present thesis. Two interfaces are introduced, viz. that of valency and word-formation, and that of valency and reference, or contextual boundness. The empirical part of the thesis is divided into several parts, all relying on data from the British National Corpus. The quantitative part of the analysis shows that the nouns attempt and ability obligatorily take an explicit complement when they are immediately preceded by an indefinite article marking their newness in discourse. This could possibly challenge both the widespread claim that the expression of the valency potential of a noun is never obligatory and the claim that (these) nouns are avalent. The qualitative part of the analysis examines the expression of...
English counterparts of the Czech instrumental case
Sláma, Jakub ; Dušková, Libuše (advisor) ; Čermák, Jan (referee)
1 Abstract The present thesis deals with English translation counterparts of Czech non-prepositional instrumental case forms of nouns. The theoretical part briefly describes the Czech case system and the status of the instrumental case, both non-prepositional and prepositional, within this system, and also discusses certain (especially morphological) aspects of the instrumental case. Subsequently, syntactic functions and semantic roles of non-prepositional instrumental case forms are characterized, which serves as a basis for attempting to describe the possible English counterparts of non-prepositional instrumental case forms, especially with respect to the semantics. The methodological section of the thesis includes arguments for a primarily semantic approach (rather than an all-syntactic one). The analysis is based on a sample of 110 non-prepositional instrumental case forms and their English counterparts, i.e. 10 examples for each of the delineated semantic specifications (viz. agent, direction or path, manner, accompanying circumstances, the phasal instrumental case, instrument, material, means, actional means, viewpoint, cause) excerpted from the parallel corpus InterCorp v8. The analysis aims to identify the primary realization form for each semantic specification and to describe semantic and...
Evaluation of the Financial Situation in the Firm and Proposals for its Improvement
Sláma, Jakub ; Žižlavský, Ondřej (referee) ; Karas, Michal (advisor)
This bachelor´s thesis evaluates in detail the financial situation of the company “Šmeral Brno a.s.”. during the years 2009 to 2014 at the basic of selected methods of the financial analysis. It analyses actual situation and includes proposals of possible solutions which should help to improve financial situation of the firm in future.
Evaluation of the Financial Situation in the Firm and Proposals for its Improvement
Sláma, Jakub ; Žižlavský, Ondřej (referee) ; Karas, Michal (advisor)
This bachelor´s thesis evaluates in detail the financial situation of the company “Šmeral Brno a.s.”. during the years 2009 to 2014 at the basic of selected methods of the financial analysis. It analyses actual situation and includes proposals of possible solutions which should help to improve financial situation of the firm in future.
Connecting Footbridge
Sláma, Jakub ; Štrba, Michal (referee) ; Brosch, Petr (advisor)
The subject of this master’s thesis was desingn and assessments the connection of two buildings by footbridge corridor. The structure was designed as a lattice structure without verticals. Construction is stored on two pillars lattice design. Cladding footbridge was cosidered by glazing. Construction is freestanding and doesn’t load bordering adjacent buildings.
Horizontal driven roller conveyor
Sláma, Jakub ; Malášek, Jiří (referee) ; Kašpárek, Jaroslav (advisor)
This thesis deals with design-driven horizontal roller tracks for the transport of steel castings in the interoperation internal transport, was made functional calculation of the roller track and determined the main dimensions of lines, the work deals with designing the drive, strength calculation poháněcího chain and check the frame lines. Subsequently, the preparation of its finished drawing lines, assembly lines and drawing section drawing of the drive subassembly lines.
Utilization of clays with low sintering temperature in brick technology
Sláma, Jakub ; Skotal, Zbyněk (referee) ; Sokolář, Radomír (advisor)
Bachelor thesis focuses on the use of the low sintering clays as additives in brickmaking. Their main use in the brick industry is mainly in the production of facing bricks and roof tiles. They are used for their very good sintering ability even at relatively lower firing temperatures. This feature is the most important for frost resistence of brick fragment. The theoretical part contains a summary and characteristic features of clays occurring in the Czech Republic and abroad. Further their requirements and laboratory testing of brick clay. In the practical part was conducted market research where are outlined available low sintering clays that may be proposed for use in brick fragment based on declared sintering. An experiment was performed in the next part of bachelor thesis to assess the effect of using low sintering clay in terms of particular brick factory in the Czech Republic (Tondach Šlapanice).

See also: similar author names
9 SLÁMA, Jan
9 SLÁMA, Jiří
9 Sláma, Jan
9 Sláma, Jiří
2 Sláma, Josef
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