National Repository of Grey Literature 2 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Palaeoenvironmental reconstruction of the Younger Dryas based on fossil chironomids
Skurčáková, Anežka ; Tátosová, Jolana (advisor) ; Bitušík, Peter (referee)
The final stadial of the last glacial - Younger Dryas (12 650 - 11 500 cal yr BP) is relatively well described in sediments of European lakes, however research related to its progress in Central European area is missing. The goal of this thesis was to examine progress of this stadial based on sediment core from Černé Lake at Šumava (Czech Republic). To reconstruct climatic conditions, sub-fossil remains of Chironomidae was used. The air July temperature was estimated using Swiss-Norwegian model. Geochemical analysis was performed to determine intensity of erosion, trophic status of the lake, and sources of its organic matter. To complete information about catchment, pollen analysis was performed. Following climatic events were identified in the sediment: Older Dryas (13 583 - 13 394 cal yr BP), Alleröd (13 394 - 12 383 cal yr BP), Younger Dryas (12 383 - 11 394 cal yr BP) a Early Holocene (11 394 - 11 138 cal yr BP). Presence of two phases of Younger Dryas was not significantly proven, nevertheless, the isotope composition suggests, that the first half of this oscillation was drier. Reconstructed temperature ranged between 8,30 and 10,31řC. The mean temperature for Older Dryas event was 8,92 řC, for Alleröd 9,61 řC, Younger Dryas 9,17 řC and Early Holocene 10,00 řC. Reconstructed temperature...
Identification and synchronization of YD period from Eruopaen lake sediments
Skurčáková, Anežka ; Tátosová, Jolana (advisor) ; Sacherová, Veronika (referee)
The bachelor thesis is the rewiew based on paleolimnological determining of Younger Dryas (YD), the final cold episode of the Last Glacial, and its diferent progress in European regions. It contains a describsion and an evaluation of methods of the YD identification (oxygen izotopes 18 O, varve chronology, radiocarbon dating, analysis of diatoms, pollen, chironomids, insect and geochemical and sedimentological analysis). The summary of results of studies from different parts of Europe showed that the first half of the YD in Western Europe was cooler and wetter than the second one. The climate during the YD period had similar temperature profile in Eastern Europe, but humidity had a different trend (the first half was colder and drier while the second one was warmer and wetter. According to the study of lake Švarcenberk in the Czech Republic, the YD had similar phases like in Western Europe. The YD period was synchronous in the most of Europe, its duration was approximately 1,200 years (12 726 - 11 564 years BP). Keywords: Younger Dryas, paleolimnology, oxygen izotopes, radiocarbon dating, varve chronology, climate in Europe

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