National Repository of Grey Literature 9 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Creep behavior of oak pegs under tension in dry and wet conditions
Kunecký, Jiří ; Kloiber, Michal ; Hasníková, Hana ; Hrivnák, Jaroslav ; Sebera, V. ; Tippner, J. ; Milch, J.
Carpentry joints equipped with oak pegs are well suited for applications where increased moisture is not a significant factor. However, for the use in outside conditions, e.g. in the repairs of historical timber bridges, the pegs connecting the two halves of the joint may deform and change their original shape. This happens especially during long-term loading and can be augmented significantly by environmental changes. Creep behavior can play a crucial role for some types of carpentry joints, especially when precise contacts of faces in the joint are required. The paper deals with experimental testing of creep behavior of 16 mm oak pegs under dry and wet conditions loaded by the combination of shear and bending between two planks made of spruce in the direction parallel to grain. The results show that the decrease of theoretical stiffness values over time plays a significant role in the force redistribution in the joint especially due to moisture effects (drop 50-70% of the original stiffness).
Mechanical analysis of scarf joint fastened using cylindrical wooden dowel
Tippner, J. ; Milch, J. ; Kunecký, Jiří ; Kloiber, Michal ; Brabec, M. ; Sebera, V.
Traditional all-wooden woodworking joints play an important role in the behaviour of timber structures. These joints are also widely used when historically valuable constructions are being reconstructed and the connections are usually the masterpieces that testify to the high carpentry skills and knowledges of the overall mechanical behaviour. Within historical timber structures traditional carpentry joints were used while wooden dowel fixed mutual position of elements. Main aim of this study was to contribute to knowledge base about prediction and analysis of the mechanical performance of frequently used scarf joints made from spruce wood fastened using oak dowels. The objectives were to determine the joints' slip moduli and load-carrying capacity by means of theoretical and experimental approaches, in next to assess the mechanical behaviour of dowels through experimental investigation, and finally to perform a strain analysis of dowels. For these purposes, the optical technique employing three-dimensional full-field digital image correlation was used. The experiments were done on the full-scale specimens meeting the requirements of European standards (EN 383 and EN 26891), which were made from Norway spruce (Picea abies L. Karst.) and English oak (Quercus robur L.). The mechanical load consisted in tensile parallel and perpendicular to grain direction within the main components. The results of this study showed good correlation between theoretical approach based on based on Beam on Elastic Foundation theory and European yield model theory and experimental observations.
The Cloak Bridge in Český Krumlov – measuring of mechanical properties
Kloiber, Michal ; Sebera, V. ; Hrivnák, Jaroslav ; Tippner, J. ; Kunecký, Jiří
Timber bridges are often exposed to harsh conditions of the environment. The exposure of the timber structure often leads to its deterioration. Standard test procedures to determine typical properties of wood cannot be used as there is the requirement of the minimum interference with the structure. Several non-destructive testing (NDT) methods for the determination of timber condition have been developed and are used. However, the results of NDT can be used to predict mechanical properties of timber elements only to a limited degree. Semi-destructive testing (SDT) methods are a compromise. In the paper a functional model of a device that allows for the measurement of conventional strength and modulus of deformation of timber in compression parallel to the grain is presented. The device is inserted to a bored hole and pushes the jaws apart with a small test jack loading the bore walls. This paper presents possible use of the device for surveys of timber bridges.
Analysis of mini-jack technique for in situ measurement of strength
Kloiber, Michal ; Tippner, J. ; Kunecký, Jiří ; Sebera, V. ; Milch, J. ; Hrivnák, Jaroslav
The paper presents a recently developed diagnostic technique for in situ determination of modulus of deformability (MODL) and conventional strength (CSL) parallel to the grain using the mini-jack inserted in bored hole. The mini-jack compression technique simulates the standard compression test, it is compared to that to examine its prediction strength (correlation coefficients). The paper shows an influence of moisture content of wood on experimental measurements using this technique. The measurement was carried out at spruce samples at three moisture contents of 12, 18 and 24%. The results of the tests prove a very good correlation of the strength determined by the proposed technique and wood density and strength determined at universal testing machine in compression parallel to the grain. The effect of the moisture content on the measurement by the mini-jack technique was proved to be significant. Beside that, the newly-developed instrument was also studied using digital image correlation (DIC) technique to analyze induced strains around the bored hole. This was studied on halved spruce samples. The DIC revealed symmetric character of the loading and significant differences between strains induced in tangential and longitudinal directions.
Lapped scarf joints for reconstruction of historical structures
Kunecký, Jiří ; Fajman, P. ; Hasníková, Hana ; Kuklík, P. ; Kloiber, Michal ; Sebera, V. ; Tippner, J.
This paper presents a description of the repair of timber structures using a prosthesis scarf\njoint designed for the replacement of damaged parts of beams. This new scarf joint makes use\nof the strutting effect of inclined contact faces where the forces are transmitted through\nwooden coupling elements - wooden dowels or keys. The scarf can be modified in four\nvariants according to the relevant stress and is suitable for historically valuable timber\nstructures. It meets both functional and aesthetic requirements. The designer - structural\nengineer will learn in the methods the load bearing capacity or stiffness of the beam with the\ndesigned joint, its recommended dimensions and detailed geometry. The contractor will\nappreciate the description of the execution and maintenance of the joint.
The use of carpentry joints for the repair of historical structures
Kloiber, Michal ; Kunecký, Jiří ; Hasníková, Hana ; Sebera, V. ; Tippner, J. ; Fajman, P. ; Růžička, P. ; Stejskal, D.
The conservation process describes the way of using prosthesis lap scarf carpentry joints for reconstruction of historical timber structures. This new scarf joint makes use of the strutting effect of inclined contact faces where the forces are transmitted through wooden coupling elements - wooden dowels or keys. The process consists of several chapters describing the diagnostics of original wood and the repaired structure, the design of the joint and execution of the joint. It also includes examples of succesful reconstruction made with according to this conservation process.
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Lapped scarf joints for repairs of historical structures
Kunecký, Jiří ; Fajman, P. ; Hasníková, Hana ; Kuklík, P. ; Kloiber, Michal ; Sebera, V. ; Tippner, J.
This guideline presents a description of the repair of timber structures using a prosthesis scarf joint designed for the replacement of damaged parts of beams. This new scarf joint makes use of the strutting effect of inclined contact faces where the forces are transmitted through wooden coupling elements - wooden dowels or keys. The scarf can be modified in four variants according to the relevant stress and is suitable for historically valuable timber structures. It meets both functional and aesthetic requirements. The designer - structural engineer will learn in the methods the load bearing capacity or stiffness of the beam with the designed joint, its recommended dimensions and detailed geometry. The contractor will appreciate the description of the execution and maintenance of the joint.
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The numerical assessment of a full-scale truss reconstructed employing a traditional all-wooden joints
Milch, J. ; Tippner, J. ; Sebera, V. ; Kunecký, Jiří ; Kloiber, Michal ; Navrátil, M.
The assessment of mechanical behaviour of all-wooden joints used in historical timber structures such as churches, castles etc. is currently paid a big attention in the Czech Republic, and Central Europe as a whole. The reasons are (a) a high number of such structures; (b) their significance to the national cultural heritage and maintenance for preserving their cultural value; and (c) missing information about global mechanical behaviour of joints and whole truss structures when loaded. Generally, valuable historical monuments need to be evaluated as regards the structure and safety of all timber elements in the structure for their future preservation [1]. The present paper shows a novel methodology for virtual assessment of mechanical behaviour used in a historically valuable gothic truss structure of St. James's Church in Brno, which is very valuable from both structural and architectural points of view. The church was constructed between1220 and 1724, the used styles including the Romanesque, the Gothic and the Neogothic. Also carpentry master Anton Ebenberger participated [2]. The aim of this paper was to describe the real loading of a joint that corresponds to the real function of a joint in the truss structure during the loading owing to new positions of replacement joints in the truss. Currently, the truss of St. James’s church shows large defects including decayed members; therefore, renovation is needed. The restoration of the truss should be carefully implemented in the structure and analyzed beforehand. Therefore, the numerical approaches based on FEM were used to evaluate the mechanical behaviour of the beam truss with a detailed 3D solid joint.

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2 Sebera, Václav