National Repository of Grey Literature 33 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Habitat preferences of the members of the family Chydoridae (Crustacea, Cladocera)
Zimová, Tereza ; Sacherová, Veronika (advisor) ; Šorf, Michal (referee)
This thesis is a literature review of ecological niche of some species of Cladoceran family Chydoridae. The aim of this work is to summarize the knowledge about the occurrence of species in various types of environments and what are their preferences or see which factors are limiting for them. This work is focused on the type of habitats in which they are found, the trophic state of water and pH. It also mentions to a lesser extent environmental factors such as concentration of calcium and water depth, which might also influence the niche choice of these species. Species can be divided into opportunists with a wide niche and specialists with a narrow one, yet a large proportion of species have a wide tolerance to most environmental factors. Key words: Chydorids, niche, habitat, macrophytes, open water, pH, trophic state, depth, calcium
Feeding ecology of freshwater Heteroptera (Nepomorpha)
Šretrová, Martina ; Sacherová, Veronika (advisor) ; Kment, Petr (referee)
This bachelor thesis focuses on the aquatic Nepomorpha living in freshwater, especially on the most common representatives from families, which we can find in the Czech Republic. The main theme of this work is the mapping of the feeding ecology of water-bugs. Various feeding strategies can be observed, such as phytophagy, carnivory and omnivory. The most important strategy used by most water-bugs is predation. This behavior is related to morphological adaptations, such as modifications of the mouthparts and forelegs. Ways of obtaining and processing prey are described in detail. A special chapter is dedicated to the Corixidae family, which differs morphologically. Also the importance of predatory water bugs in the ecosystem is discussed here.
Recovery of zooplankton community from the acidification in mountain lakes
Bartošíková, Martina ; Sacherová, Veronika (advisor) ; Šorf, Michal (referee)
Mountain Lakes in Bohemian forest are currently undergoing a process of acidification. In spite of the rapid improvement of chemistry, the biological recovery is considerably delayed. This state may be due to a number of factors, such as persistent periodic pH fluctuations and hence increased aluminum leaching, phosphorus limitation, resistance of acid-tolerant communities, or limited opportunities for spreading from surrounding sites or damage to the egg bank. With the delay in improving the chemical composition of water gradually comes the improvement of the biological state, which manifests in the first phase by increasing the abundance of the existing species, in the second by increasing the number of species. In addition to the fish, it seems that the largest filtering dwarfs of the genus Daphnia are returned. In spite of their efforts to accelerate their return in the natural experiment by repatriating the species Cyclops abyssorum and Daphnia longispina to Plešné Lake in 2004, the wildebeests did not enjoy the new locality. Still, after almost ten years, individual individuals of this kind were found in lake litoral. This diploma thesis builds on the research of the Bohemian forest lakes, which is going on for almost 150 years. The zooplankton's response to changes in chemistry was studied...
Feeding ecology of freshwater Heteroptera (Nepomorpha)
Šretrová, Martina ; Sacherová, Veronika (advisor) ; Kment, Petr (referee)
This bachelor thesis focuses on the aquatic Nepomorpha living in freshwater, especially on the most common representatives from families, which we can find in the Czech Republic. The main theme of this work is the mapping of the feeding ecology of water-bugs. Various feeding strategies can be observed, such as phytophagy, carnivory and omnivory. The most important strategy used by most water-bugs is predation. This behavior is related to morphological adaptations, such as modifications of the mouthparts and forelegs. Ways of obtaining and processing prey are described in detail and the influence of predators on their prey is discussed. A special chapter is dedicated to the Corixidae family, which differs morphologically and ecologically from other families.
Historical record of the fairyshrimp Branchinecta gaini in the James Ross archipelago, and its phylogeography
Pokorný, Matěj ; Sacherová, Veronika (advisor) ; Janko, Karel (referee)
The Fairy shrimp Branchinecta gaini Daday, 1910 is the largest freshwater invertebrate in Antarctica and the top-level consumer of local freshwater food webs. Ecological demands of B. gaini that are accompanied by 'ruderal' life strategy together with its spatial distribution that exceeds to Patagonia indicate that it had survived last glacial period in South America and expanded to Antarctica shortly after this epoch endeed. On James Ross Island that is the most extreme environment where B. gaini occurs today was this fairy shrimp considered extinct until year 2008. Its disappearance was based on paleolimnological analysis of several lake sediment cores according to which it inhabited this island between years 4200 to approximately 1500 before present when it died out because of changes in lake catchments caused by harsh neoglacial conditions. Paleolimnological analysis of Monolith Lake presented in this study has shown that this assumption was wrong and B. gaini has lived on James Ross Island throughout neoglacial period up to recent time. Phylogeographic analysis of 16S rDNA of specimens from Patagonia, South Orkneys, South Shetlands and James Ross Island revealed that its high morphological diversity is not supported by this gene and that all examined populations of B. gaini is one species with very few...
Spatial orientation in Odonata
Hupková, Lenka ; Černý, Martin (advisor) ; Sacherová, Veronika (referee)
The aim of this review is to evaluate and sum up an existing knowledge about spatial orientation of dragonflies, particularly at small and medium spatial scales. I deal mostly with orientation by horizontally polarized light, which belongs among the most explored field of orientation of Odonata; beside that I explore an orientation of dragonflies during the habitat selection and within their home ranges / territories. Regarding the latter, I pay an attention namely to the function of spatial landmarks, which has not been yet fully explored and offers a lot of opportunities for further research (like many other orientation topics of Odonata). I also briefly discuss an orientation of dragonflies during migrations. Besides the visual orientation I mention the orientation by olfactory sense, tough Odonata was concerned anosmic for a long time. Key words: spatial orientation, visual orientation, dragonflies, Odonata, landmarks

National Repository of Grey Literature : 33 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.