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Carbon metabolism and nutrient balance in a hypertrophic production fishpond
Hejzlar, Josef ; Potužák, J. ; Drozd, B. ; Rutegwa, M.
Semi-intensive production of fish in pond culture is based on natural food in the form of zooplankton or zoobenthos and supplemental feeding and manuring applied with balanced nutrient budget. Measurement of the metabolism (i.e., primary production and respiration by the method of continuous measurement of dissolved oxygen in the water column) and the input / output balance for C, N and P in the semi-intensive Dehtář fishpond in the 2015 growth season have shown that additions of fish feeding and manure were from the point of view of utilisable fish feeding in a 3 – 4 fold excess, the efficiency of nutrient transfer through fish food chains was low and that most of the primary production remained unused for fish production, resulting in eutrophication problems with accumulation of biomass in water, high respiration of phytoplankton and microbial chains, hypoxia conditions, and intense N and P cycling.