National Repository of Grey Literature 81 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Cavitation erosion mechanisms
Kotoulová, Helena ; Kozák, Jiří (referee) ; Rudolf, Pavel (advisor)
Předložená bakalářská práce se zabývá mechanismy kavitační eroze a je rozdělena na dvě hlavní části. Teoretická část popisuje princip kavitace, způsob jejího vzniku a především kolaps kavitačních bublin, který negativně ovlivňuje povrch obtékaného tělesa (např. na hydraulických strojích). Z tohoto důvodu je nutné podrobně studovat účinky kavitační eroze. Experimentální část je věnována testování kavitační eroze na kovových a plastových vzorcích vytisknutých na 3D tiskárně. Plastové vzorky byly srovnávány navzájem mezi sebou, kovové vzorky z 3D tiskárny se vzorky odlitými. O vlivu kavitační eroze na součásti vytisknuté na 3D tiskárně je stále ještě málo informací, i když se jedná o velmi progresivní a stále častěji používaný typ výroby.
Utilization of hydrodynamic cavitation for water treatment
Balko, Marek ; Kozák, Jiří (referee) ; Rudolf, Pavel (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with the observation of features of cavitation with emphasis on the hydrodynamical cavitation and its use for eliminating unwanted and badly degradable compounds from water. Thanks to high temperature and pressures that are present at a colapse of cavitation bubbles the water decomposes into highly reactive hydroxile radicals which are able to decompose even. This effect can furthermore be strenghtened by the use of advanced oxidation processes – AOP. The experimental part of thesis is dedicated to examining a ability of hydrodynamical cavitation degrade particular chemical substance from water, namely estrogen.
Controlled generation of bubbles
Petráček, Michael ; Himr, Daniel (referee) ; Rudolf, Pavel (advisor)
This bachelor’s thesis describes behaviour of bubbles in supersaturated liquid. In the first part is described a mechanism of nucleation bubbles, their growth and motion in liquid. There are the results of experiment with a theoretical calculation compared in the second part.
Vortex breakdown
Lunda, Filip ; Rudolf, Pavel (referee) ; Urban, Ondřej (advisor)
The bachelor thesis deals with the vortex breakdown phenomenon. The first part focuses on a description of the vortex breakdown and its own characteristics. The next part deals with the theoretical description. After that, an enumaration of experimental devices used for observation of vortex breakdown follows. The last chapter contains information about control of this phenomenon.
Lagrangian tracking of the cavitation bubble
Bossio Castro, Alvaro Manuel ; Zatočilová, Jitka (referee) ; Rudolf, Pavel (advisor)
In this thesis, the dynamics of an isolated cavitation bubble submerged in a steady flow is studied numerically. A Lagrangian-Eulerian approach is considered, in which properties of the fluid are computed first by means of Eulerian methods (in this study the commercial CFD software Ansys Fluent 19 was used) and the trajectory of the bubble is then computed in a Lagrangian fashion, i.e. the bubble is considered as a small particle moving relative to the fluid, due to the effect of several forces depending on fluid's pressure field, fluid's velocity field and bubble's radius. Bubble's radius dynamics, modeled by Rayleigh-Plesset equation, has a big influence on its kinetics, so a special attention is given to it. Two study cases are considered. The first one, motivated by acoustic cavitation is concerned with the response of the bubble's radius in a static flow under the influence of an oscillatory pressure field, the second one studies the trajectory of the bubble submerged in a fluid passing by a Venturi tube and a sharp-edged orifice plate.
Influence of fractal geometry on turbulent flow
Hochman, Ondřej ; Štefan, David (referee) ; Rudolf, Pavel (advisor)
The master’s thesis deals with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) of two orifices, that have different shapes of holes but similar cross-sectional flow areas. The first of them is orifice with circular-shaped hole, which is used for maintenance free measurement of flow. The second one is orifice with fractal-shaped hole, inspired by von Koch snow-flake. This thesis follows bachelor thesis, in which was experimentally examined, that fractal-shaped orifices have better hydraulic properties (hydraulic losses and lower pressure pulsations) than circle-shaped one. The main target is to confirm this conclusion based on experiment, this time using CFD with various types of turbulence modelling ap-proaches. Both single phase (cavitation free) and multiphase numerical simulations were realized. Each model was compared from perspective of hydraulic and dynamic charac-teristics.
Sports car rear wing numerical optimization
Feldová, Petra ; Rudolf, Pavel (referee) ; Štefan, David (advisor)
This master’s thesis is focused on optimization of rear wing of sport car by using open-source software. The optimization of 2D profile of the rear wing is present in this thesis. Python environment was chosen for optimization and evolutionary algorithm was is used as optimization function. This algorithm is further connected to Xfoil software, which is computing aerodynamic characteristic. The ratio of the lift and drag coefficients (C_L/C_D) is chosen as parameter which considers the aerodynamic efficiency. The CFD computation of flowing around the whole car is provided in open-source software OpenFOAM. . The profile optimization results to approximately 7.9 % raise of the parameter C_L/C_D, in the same wing stability. The main benefit of this work is to use open-source software for the optimization and CFD analysis, which in future might save company’s resources by not buying expensive commercial software licenses.
Numerical solution of the cavitation bubble dynamics
Münster, Filip ; Himr, Daniel (referee) ; Rudolf, Pavel (advisor)
This thesis deals with the numerical solution of cavitation bubble dynamics and with cyanobacteria gas vesicle behaviour. A program for the numerical calculation of bubble dynamics is created using the Rayleigh-Plesset equation and its modifications. Subsequently, bubbles of different sizes are investigated during acoustic cavitation with various driving frequencies. Furthermore, a model for hydrodynamic cavitation is created. The model combines CFD computation of flow in the Venturi nozzle with the cavitation bubble dynamics calculation. The last part of the work is dedicated to cyanobacteria gas vesicle behaviour in a variable pressure field and during passage through the Venturi nozzle.
Computational simulation of air flow in a gas burner
Waloszek, Jan ; Rudolf, Pavel (referee) ; Vondál, Jiří (advisor)
This work is focused on computational modelling of a flow in a burner. The main objective is to provide a complex comparison of the results obtained through several approaches to modeling, on different computational grids and also using different turbulence models. Experimental measurement data are used for validation. Numerically obtained data are compared to each other and to experimental data. The method of Proper-Orthogonal Decomposition is also applied on the calculated data. The greatest benefit of this work is providing a wider view on the swirling flow modeling in burners and the results obtained here will help to better understand the behavior of stated models for tasks of this kind and their potential for modelling combustion in furnaces.
Mutual interaction of magnetic field and cavitating flow
Harazin, Přemysl ; Štigler, Jaroslav (referee) ; Rudolf, Pavel (advisor)
Presented work consists of research and experimental part. Main focus of the research part is on mutual interaction between magnetic field and water and between magnetic field and cavitating flow. Prediction of the result is almost impossible, because the opinions on the effects differ, sometimes even go against each other. Experimental part consisted of three trials with permanent magnets. Electromagnetic probe was employed for measuring of the voltage. It appears, that magnetic field affects the cavitation, because in all of the trials the measured voltage changed after the switch from non-cavitating to cavitating flow. The change of the voltage was not great enough, thus application of this phenomenon in practice cannot be recommended.

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See also: similar author names
1 Rudolf, Patrik
1 Rudolf, Petr
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