National Repository of Grey Literature 2 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Territorial Disputes in South China Sea
Rožnovská, Veronika ; Ondřej, Jan (advisor) ; Bílková, Veronika (referee)
Territorial Disputes in South China Sea Abstract This diploma thesis deals with territorial disputes in the South China Sea and its participants. The aim of the thesis is to describe legal titles of all participants of the dispute and analyse their claims for areas in the South China Sea. The reason of the territorial dispute is based on the proximity of countries and the fact that the South China Sea contains a number of features that are claimed by surrounding countries whose claims exclude. Moreover, one of the participants - China, claims nearly 90% of the whole area. The thesis also describes provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea that are significant for the territorial dispute, as well as, means of the conflict solutions of the dispute provided in the Convention. The Philippines as one of the participants of the dispute decided to initiate arbitrary trial in order to find amicable settlement. The arbitrary tribunal ruled in favour of the Philippines in that matter, however as final chapter provides, China decided to ignore the arbitrary award and continues to supress other countries. Thus, an amicable solution of the dispute seems very unlikely in the near future. Key words South China Sea, exclusive economic zone, territorial dispute
The Doha Round of Negotiations in the World Trade Organization: Selected Countries' Positions
Rožnovská, Veronika ; Parízek, Michal (advisor) ; Miková, Ivana (referee)
This bachelor thesis focuses on international negotiation within the World Trade Organization, particularly on position of least developed countries during negotiations in the Organization. Due to weak negotiation positions of least developed countries, it is advantageous when their interests are protected by states that have more economic influence. For the abovementioned, the goal of this thesis is to discover which economic power shares interest with the least developed countries whether India or China. To achieve a conclusion, analysis of ministerial speeches from WTO Ministerial conferences is conducted. Opinion statements of the states are evaluated according to topics states focus on in the speeches - depending on the length of the text dedicated to the topic and expressed degree of liberalization. Subsequently, using the Weight Euclidian Distance positions of the states were identified and the distances among them were stated. The results show that China's opinions are closer to the least developed countries than India's. The crucial difference is most noticeable on the issue of special and differential treatment for developing countries, which China strongly promotes. Furthermore, it is observed that China's opinions are closer primarily to African nations.

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