National Repository of Grey Literature 5 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Reactive oxygen species and their role in myocard injury
Selingerová, Josefína ; Kalous, Martin (advisor) ; Rauchová, Hana (referee)
Cardiac tissue is very sensitive to oxygen deprivation. Ischemia and subsequent reperfusion are the source of metabolic and structural changes. They lead to irreversible tissue damage and cell death. Under this conditions the increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is crucial. ROS are highly reactive molecules, which contains at least one unpaired electron. They are formed in organism as a natural by-products of aerobic metabolism. Under physiological conditions mitochondria protect cells against ROS trough antioxidants sweeper systems and ATP synthase inhibitor. However, under pathological conditions mitochondria are one of the largest sources of ROS and they are responsible for initiation of cell death. This thesis discusses the changes in cells during the ischemia and following reperfusion. How is ion homeostasis and ATP concentration affected and why the activities of individual complexes of electron-transport chain are decreased.
The study of the changes of hepatocyte energy metabolism: the effect of oxidative stress and triiodthyronine
Endlicher, René ; Červinková, Zuzana (advisor) ; Kalous, Martin (referee) ; Rauchová, Hana (referee)
Changes of energy metabolism of hepatocytes: The effect of oxidative stress and triiodothyronine Liver is a vital organ performing numerous essential functions. Due to its position in the blood circulation, liver is the first organ incessantly exposed to a great number of toxic substances. Respiratory chain located in mitochondria is a frequent target of toxic action of these substances. There are various mechanisms that participate in hepatocyte damage, nevertheless the most important mechanism of hepatotoxic effect is oxidative stress induced by increased production of free radicals. Impact of oxidative stress on hepatocytes is very complex and still not fully elucidated. The aim of my thesis was to investigate the effect of oxidative stress on energy metabolism of rat hepatocytes using isolated hepatocytes and isolated mitochondria. We evaluated the effect of oxidative stress on the activity of mitochondrial enzymes and function of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP), respectively. Opening of this pore induces activation of apoptotic and necrotic processes. Our results document selective action of oxidative stress on the activity of various mitochondrial enzymes. Tert-butylhydroperoxide (t-BHP) causes significant inhibition of NADH-dependent substrates, while oxidation of...
The role of mitochondria in adaptation to chronic hypoxia in the spontaneously hypertensive and conplastic rats.
Weissová, Romana ; Kalous, Martin (advisor) ; Rauchová, Hana (referee)
Adaptation to chronic hypoxia provides cardioprotective effects. Molecular mechanism of this phenomenon is not yet completely understood, but it is known that cardiac mitochondria play an essential role in induction of protective effects. The purpose of this diploma thesis is to study effects of continuous normobaric hypoxia (CNH; 10 % O2, 21 days) on spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and conplastic strain that is derived from SHR. These animals have nuclear genome of SHR strain and mitochondrial genome of Brown Norway (BN) strain. Cardiac homogenate was used to measure enzymatic activity of malate dehydrogenase (MDH), citrate synthase (CS), NADH-cytochrome c oxidoreductase, succinate-cytochrome c oxidoreductase and cytochrome oxidase (COX). Using Western blot procedure the protein amount of antioxidant enzymes was measured - manganese superoxide dismutase and copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (MnSOD, Cu/ZnSOD), catalase and chosen subunits of oxidative phosphorylation complexes (Ndufa9, Sdha, Uqcrc2, COX-4, MTCO1, Atp5a1). Under normoxic conditions the conplastic strain has lower amount of complex IV subunit MTCO1 in comparison with SHR. This subunit is encoded by mitochondrial DNA and it is one of the seven protein-coding genes in conplastic strain that differ from SHR. Adaptation to hypoxia causes an...
The study of the changes of hepatocyte energy metabolism: the effect of oxidative stress and triiodthyronine
Endlicher, René ; Červinková, Zuzana (advisor) ; Kalous, Martin (referee) ; Rauchová, Hana (referee)
Changes of energy metabolism of hepatocytes: The effect of oxidative stress and triiodothyronine Liver is a vital organ performing numerous essential functions. Due to its position in the blood circulation, liver is the first organ incessantly exposed to a great number of toxic substances. Respiratory chain located in mitochondria is a frequent target of toxic action of these substances. There are various mechanisms that participate in hepatocyte damage, nevertheless the most important mechanism of hepatotoxic effect is oxidative stress induced by increased production of free radicals. Impact of oxidative stress on hepatocytes is very complex and still not fully elucidated. The aim of my thesis was to investigate the effect of oxidative stress on energy metabolism of rat hepatocytes using isolated hepatocytes and isolated mitochondria. We evaluated the effect of oxidative stress on the activity of mitochondrial enzymes and function of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP), respectively. Opening of this pore induces activation of apoptotic and necrotic processes. Our results document selective action of oxidative stress on the activity of various mitochondrial enzymes. Tert-butylhydroperoxide (t-BHP) causes significant inhibition of NADH-dependent substrates, while oxidation of...
Aktivace mitochondriální glycerol-3-fosfátdehydrogenázy různými analogy koenzymu Q
Rauchová, Hana ; Mikšík, Ivan ; Fato, R. ; Bergamini, C. ; Lenaz, G.
The aim of our study was to test the synthetic analogues of coenzyme Q (CoQ) on the activity of mitochondrial glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. We used idebenone and its two derivatives: methoxyidebenone and acetylidebenone and three other componds in which aliphatic chain of CoQ was substituted by thiazoimidazol type groups. The present results can support our previous data suggesting differences between mitochondrial glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and other dehydrogenases of respiratory chain in the transfer of reducing equivalents to the CoQ pool

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