National Repository of Grey Literature 4 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
BETA-GLUCANS: WHAT APPLICATIONS? A GENERAL OVERVIEW
Vannucci, Luca ; Mishra, Rajbardhan ; Lukáč, Pavol ; Tenti, Paolo ; Rajsiglová, Lenka ; Větvička, Václav ; Šíma, Petr
Glucans are polysaccharides derived from various sources (e.g. mushrooms, algae, yeast, barley). They can target immune receptors, like Dectin-1 expressed on dendritic cells - antigen presenting cells. Otherwise, interest is rising for their use not only for modulation of immunity, but also of cholesterol levels, or as possible vaccine adjuvants, nanocarriers and functional food components. We will shortly review some aspects in human and veterinarian applications.
BETA-GLUCANS: WHAT APPLICATIONS? A GENERAL OVERVIEW
Vannucci, Luca ; Mishra, Rajbardhan ; Lukáč, Pavol ; Tenti, Paolo ; Rajsiglová, Lenka ; Větvička, Václav ; Šíma, Petr
Glucans are polysaccharides derived from various sources (e.g. mushrooms, algae, yeast, barley). They can target immune receptors, like Dectin-1 expressed on dendritic cells - antigen presenting cells. Otherwise, interest is rising for their use not only for modulation of immunity, but also of cholesterol levels, or as possible vaccine adjuvants, nanocarriers and functional food components. We will shortly review some aspects in human and veterinarian applications.
New ferritin nanoparticles for specific targeting of experimental melanoma in mice: in vitro and in vivo tests.
Rajsiglová, Lenka ; Vannucci, Luca Ernesto (advisor) ; Šírová, Milada (referee)
Cancer diseases represent second most frequent cause of death after cardiovascular diseases in Europe. Nowadays used medical treatments like chemotherapy and radiotherapy are nonspecific and cause huge side effects. Various systems to deliver therapy directly inside the tumour microenvironment and reduce side effects are under development. Protein nanoparticles seem to be very promising strategy to achieve that goal. Our group in cooperation with CNR in Rome tested nanoparticles based on heavy chain of human ferritine. These constructs, modified to expose the tumor targeting molecule, were able to be specifically internalised by B16F10 melanoma cells in vitro. They also specifically target and localise at the sites of primary melanoma and lung metastases of different size in mouse in vivo model. These nanoparticles can carry either therapeutic or diagnostic molecules. Thus they represent a suitable candidate for further studies for potential use in clinical praxis as a diagnostic and/or therapeutic agents (theranostics). Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Cytochrome c and its role in apoptosis
Rajsiglová, Lenka ; Kalous, Martin (advisor) ; Švadlenka, Jan (referee)
Cell energetic metabolism and cell survival are strictly controlled by pathways in which cytochrome molecules play a central role, in particular cytochrome c. It is localized in the mitochondrial intermembrane space with other molecules cooperating in keeping energetic metabolism. Permeabilization of outer mitochondrial membrane by proteins from Bcl-2 family or changes in Ca2+ levels causes cytochrome c release into cytosol. In cytosol cytochrome c interacts with other pro-apoptotic proteins (Apaf-1, procaspase-9) cooperating to form apoptosome and phosphatidylserine. As a result of these interactions, the cell is going to apoptosis. This bachelor thesis summarizes the current state of knowledge of these processes. In the first part it focuses on the biosynthesis of cytochrome c, further on the mechanisms of its releasing from mitochondria and its interactions with other proteins within apoptosis including options of regulation of these processes.

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