
PILOT ANALYSIS OF CHEVRON NOTCH LIGAMENT AREA FOR APPLICATION\nON QUASIBRITTLE MATERIALS
Seitl, Stanislav ; Růžička, P. ; Miarka, P. ; Sobek, J.
Specimens for the bending tests with the chevron notch are standardized for the\nevaluation of the fracture toughness of various materials. The main advantage of this test\nsetup is that no sharp precrack has to be introduced, because a sharp crack is formed\nduring loading at the beginning of the test. Furthermore, no crack length measurement is\nrequired, and a stable crack growth can be reached due to geometry of the notch. In this\ncontribution a difference of the ligament area of the specimens with the straight through\nnotch and the chevron notch was investigated


Algorithms for the computation of Galois groups
Kubát, David ; Žemlička, Jan (advisor) ; Růžička, Pavel (referee)
This thesis covers the topic of the computation of Galois groups over the rationals. Beginning with the classic algorithm by R. Stauduhar, we then review the theory necessary to explain the modular algorithm by K. Yokoyama. More precisely, we discuss the notion of the universal splitting ring of a polynomial. For a separable polynomial, we then study idempotents in the universal splitting ring. The modular algorithm involves computations in the ring of padic integers. Examples are given for polynomials of degree 3 and 4.


Discrete linear dynamical systems with control
Procházková, Zuzana ; Tůma, Jiří (advisor) ; Růžička, Pavel (referee)
Discrete linear dynamical systems with control Author: Zuzana Procházková Department: Department of Algebra Supervisor: doc. RNDr. Jiří Tůma, DrSc., Department of Algebra Abstract: In this thesis we describe elementary property of discrete linear dyna mical system. We define discrete linear dynamical system with control and its controllability and then we define descrete linear dynamical system with output and its observability. After that we show the duality of observability and con trollability with definition of dual system and its description. There are three problems solved in the last chapter. 1


Traditional working and quality of timber during repairs of timber structures
Kloiber, Michal ; Růžička, Petr
Extensive field experience with repairing timber structures shows two main limiting factors for the quality of work that are often circumvented or simplified. First, it is the quality of the timber for the repairs (replacements, additions) and the resulting problem when the recommended criteria for the selection of suitable material are not met, with regard to the longterm coexistence of the new timber with the original material. Second, a critical factor is the way in which the timber is worked  the preferred traditional working is for various reasons replaced by counterfeits. Due to the limited scope of this paper, we can only pay attention to the most blatant case, which is working of logs by hewing.


Plane geometry problems solved by algebraic geometry
Trummová, Ivana ; Šťovíček, Jan (advisor) ; Růžička, Pavel (referee)
In this thesis I focus on a certain part of algebraic geometry which studies plane curves and their intersection points. The main part is a proof of Bézout's theorem and an overview of its corollaries, which have an interesting geometric visualization. The most important corollary is the proof of associativity of adding points on elliptic curves. This fact is widely used in modern cryptography. 21


Coordinate Systems for GPS
Žváčková, Magdaléna ; Tůma, Jiří (advisor) ; Růžička, Pavel (referee)
V této práci se zabýváme souřadnicemi, které získáváme z GPS, běžně pou žívanými geodetickými souřadnicemi a tím, jak je mezi sebou převést. Nejprve jsou nalezeny vzorce pro převod z geodetických do kartézských a ty jsou poté řešeny jako soustava rovnic. Na to je použito několik numerických metod. Na zá kladě toho získáváme návod na to, jak převádět souřadnicové systémy mezi sebou. Dále se v krátkosti seznámíme s principy GPS, jak můžeme Zemi aproximovat a nakonec, jak převést povrch Země do mapy. 1

 

Survey report: Construction and technical assessment of the state of timber, trace analysis and surveying of a timbered barn in Skalička 3
Kloiber, Michal ; Růžička, Petr ; Buzek, Jaroslav ; Hrivnák, Jaroslav ; Bláha, Jiří
Surveys whose aggregate output is this survey report included the determination of the extent of damage to the timber, surveying, and trace analysis of the original craftsman working of a timbered barn belonging to house no. 3 in the village of Skalička u Hranic, which is located in the Přerov district in the Moravian region called Pobečví. The report has been drawn in response to the demand by the Wallachian Open Air Museum located in Rožnov pod Radhoštěm, which contained a request to diagnose the timber elements using NDT devices and carry out their trace analysis. The findings will contribute to a qualified assessment and proposal of a harmless transfer of this unique timbered building.


Using algebra in geometry
Paták, Pavel ; Růžička, Pavel (advisor) ; Šmíd, Dalibor (referee) ; Blagojevic, Pavle (referee)
Using algebra in geometry Pavel Paták Department: Department of Algebra Supervisor: Mgr. Pavel Růžička, Ph.D., Department of Algebra 1 Abstract In this thesis, we develop a technique that combines algebra, algebraic topology and combinatorial arguments and provides nonembeddability results. The novelty of our approach is to examine non embeddability arguments from a homological point of view. We illustrate its strength by proving two interesting theorems. The first one states that kdimensional skeleton of b 2k+2 k + k + 3 dimensional simplex does not embed into any 2kdimensional manifold M with Betti number βk(M; Z2) ≤ b. It is the first finite upper bound for Kühnel's conjecture of nonembeddability of simplices into manifolds. The second one is a very general topological Helly type theorem for sets in Rd : There exists a function h(b, d) such that the following holds. If F is a finite family of sets in Rd such that ˜βi ( G; Z2) ≤ b for any G F and every 0 ≤ i ≤ d/2 − 1, then F has Helly number at most h(b, d). If we are only interested whether the Helly numbers are bounded or not, the theorem subsumes a broad class of Helly types theorems for sets in Rd . Keywords: Homological Nonembeddability, Helly Type Theorem, Kühnel's conjecture of nonembeddability of ske leta of simplices into manifolds


The arity of NU polymorphisms
Draganov, Ondřej ; Barto, Libor (advisor) ; Růžička, Pavel (referee)
This paper deals with an arity of NU polymorphisms of relational structures. The goal is to simplify and clearly describe an already existing example of a relational structure, which has an NU polymorphism, but no NU polymorphisms of low arity in respect to arity of relations and to a number of elements in the relational structure. We explicitly describe mary relational structures with n elements, n ≥ 2, m ≥ 3, which have no NU polymorphisms of arity (m − 1)2n−2 , but have an NU polymorphism of arity (m − 1)2n−2 + 1, which is constructed in the paper, and binary relational structures with n elements, n ≥ 3, which have no NU polymorphisms of arity 22n−3 , but have an NU polymorphism of arity 22n−3 + 1.
