National Repository of Grey Literature 29 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The Relation of Instrumental Form of the World and Labour
Kreisinger, Jonáš ; Růžička, Jiří (advisor) ; Němec, Václav (referee)
This paper deals with how the instrumental form of the world is conditioned by the specific form of labor in capitalism. The discussion of a historian and a philosopher Moishe Postone and a Frankfurt School representative Max Horkheimer was used for this analysis. Postone criticizes Horkheimer because of his use of a transhistorical concept of labor, which is unable to explain why the world in capitalism (modernity) is being rapidly instrumentalized. However, Horkheimer's analysis is able to explain the reason why the instrumental form of the world is changing in course of capitalism, which is a perspective Postone's theory lacks. The paper shows that labor in capitalism is a source of instrumental form of the world. However instrumentalisation itself is more of the form of the world appearance. The appearance of the world is in a marxist philosophy conceptualized as an ideology, or in the case of Marx himself by the concept of commodity fetishism. The integration function of an ideology is in the conflict with disintegration function of instrumentalisation on this level of reality.
Motivation and Stimulation of Volunteers in a Multidisciplinary Team
Dudová, Eva ; Vrzáček, Petr (advisor) ; Růžička, Jiří (referee)
This thesis focuses on the direction and coordination of volunteers in organisations with multidisciplinary teams working with homeless people, and the challenges faced by both these organisations and their volunteers. The results of the experimental section, which focuses on the motivation of volunteers and stimulation from the organisations, have their basis in practical research using semi-structured interviews with leading workers at the organisations, their volunteers, and volunteers from the Labre project, which represents an introductory characterisation of the problem in practice; one which the respondents then refer to in the interviews. Problem areas as identified by both the workers and the volunteers themselves include integration into the organisation, unsupervised activity, non-stimulating conditions, irregular contact, and apathy from the side of the target group. Systematic leadership by a volunteer coordinator is financially demanding for the organisations, and the workers attend to their volunteers in addition to other competences, making systematic leadership more difficult. A recommendation for workers in non-profit organisations working with volunteers is derived from the results of the empirical part. It is based on a careful consideration of the application of volunteer work,...
Valenta, Ondřej ; KŘIŠŤAN, Vít (advisor) ; RŮŽIČKA, Jiří (referee)
The topic of the thesis is the improvisation and style of playing of Wynton Kelly, the American pianist coming from Jamaica, particulary on his Someday My Prince Will Come album from 1961. The first part is theoretical and refers to his musical beginnings, his first solo and side-man projects. Besides refers closer to the recording of the Someday My Prince Will Come album. Also, the theoretical part slightly refers to the improvisation in general. The heart of the thesis is the practical part though. It is the analysis of his playing skills based on melodic-harmonic-rhytmic part, his timing, phrasing, blues feel, melodic ornamentation, transcribed sheets with examples attached. The main goal of this thesis is all the musicians to be inspired by one of the most gifted pianists, considering his swing and single-melody lines at least.
The role of ageing in the changes of the brain extracellular matrix and extracellular space properties
Kamenická, Monika ; Vargová, Lýdia (advisor) ; Růžička, Jiří (referee)
The process of aging causes the major changes in nervous tissue such as changes in the size of brain, architecture of glial cells and extracellular matrix. The size of brain is on the decrease as consequence of aging and there is a change of molecules as well as morphology at all levels. Extracellular space (ECS) is interstitium important especially in communication between cells mediated by diffusion. The limit of diffusion in extracellular space is given by size of ECS, which is discribed by volume fraction and tortuosity, that reflect amount of diffusion barriers. The changes of ECS diffusion parameters during aging were measured by real-time iontophoretic method in four parts of brain (cortex - Cx, hippocampus - Hp, inferior colliculus - IC and corpus trapezoideum - TB). Further, we studied influence of deficiency of Bral2 link protein at differences of ECS diffusion parameters and importance of Bral2 protein at aging and regulation mechanisms of cytotoxic brain edema. Our results show, that aging leads to decreasing of ECS volume v Cx and Hp, but it was not observed in IC and TB, where the intact perineuronal nets act like protecting shield against the degenerative disease induced by aging. However, small differences in composition of perineuronal nets, deficiency of Bral2 link protein, may...
The impact of opioids on the effect of cytostatic agents on the C6 and CCF-STTG1 astrocytoma cell lines
Honc, Ondřej ; Novotný, Jiří (advisor) ; Růžička, Jiří (referee)
Despite its numerous side effects, morphine and the opioids derived from this drug, belong among the only effective options for treatment of pain linked to oncological illness. The effect of opioids on the efficiency of cytostatics in vitro has been the subject of many papers but the results are often contradictory, which could be probably caused by the great variability of experimental models and approaches. Some recent studies indicate that the consequences of activation of opioid signaling in astrocytes display certain differences from other cell types. Glioblastoma multiforme, the tumor derived from astrocytes, belong among those with the worst prognosis, mostly for the frequent resistance to cytostatics. In this thesis we focused on the effect of morphine, methadone and DADLE on the efficiency of cytostatics of temozolomide, doxorubicin and vincristine on the cell lines C6 and CCF-STTG1 derived from glioblastomas. Also, we examined the effect of the above mentioned opioids on the level of oxidative cellular stress and using N-acetylcysteine, a ROS scavenger, we verified the role of oxidative stress in cellular systems activated by the effect of the mentioned opioids on the efficiency of cytostatics. We also assessed opioid receptors and the receptor TLR4 in the examined cell lines. The...
The Barry Harris Harmonic System
Jochmann, Tomáš ; KŘIŠŤAN, Vít (advisor) ; RŮŽIČKA, Jiří (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to demonstrate a way in which professor Barry Harris approaches harmony. As an example I am using his own interpretation of compositions, where I explain, how chords and harmonic movements are created throughout Harris' improvisation. As a medium to complete my studies I mainly focused on the personal visit of his workshops as well as studying his recordings and video schools.
Glutamate receptors in NG2-glial cells: gene profiling and functional changes after ischemic brain injury
Waloschková, Eliška ; Anděrová, Miroslava (advisor) ; Růžička, Jiří (referee)
Glutamate is the main excitatory neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain and its transmission is responsible for higher brain functions, such as learning, memory and cognition. Glutamate action is mediated by a variety of glutamate receptors, though their properties were until now studied predominantly in neurons. Glutamate receptors are expressed also in NG2-glia, however their role under physiological conditions as well as in pathological states of the central nervous system is not fully understood. The aim of this work is to elucidate the presence, composition and function of these receptors in NG2-glia under physiological conditions and following focal cerebral ischemia. For this purpose we used transgenic mice, in which NG2-glia are labeled by a fluorescent protein for their precise identification. To analyze the expression pattern of glutamate receptors in NG2-glia we employed single-cell RT-qPCR. Furthermore, we used calcium imaging to characterize their functional properties.
Ambivalence in Jung's Relationship to Christianity
Dobrodenková, Monika ; Halík, Tomáš (advisor) ; Růžička, Jiří (referee)
The subject of this thesis is to summarize and interpret Jung's relationship towards Christianity in its ambivalent manifestations. First, the very psychological concept of ambivalence is discussed, as it was relatively new in Jung's time. The starting points to the interpretation of Jung's relations toward Christianity are both his theoretical works and personal memories, most prominently from childhood, when his stance toward Christianity was formed. Presented material is then assessed on the psychological and theological-philosophical levels. It turns out that the psychological assessment cannot be, in Jung's case, clearly separated from his theoretical opinions, inasmuch some theorist conjecture that all the Jung's theory of the spiritual development is implicitly motivated by his psychological need to cope with his traumatic childhood. For this purpose, several distinct interpretations of Jung's memories from different psychological and religionistic-psychological stances are reviewed. Jung's ambivalent relationship toward Christianity appears to be based in his ambivalent relationship with his parents. On the theological-philosophical level, a tension between his high admirations of Christian tradition on one side, with simultaneous struggle to reform this tradition, often so radically that...
Comparison of Tools for Measuring Homelessness at Local and Regional Level
Růžička, Jiří ; Vrzáček, Petr (advisor) ; Martinková, Věra Leona (referee)
The thesis deals with the issue of enumerating and mapping the needs of the homeless. It compares tools for measuring homelessness which are described in literature and shows the way for implementation of measuring within the area of smaller municipalities. Findings about homelessness, homeless phenomenon and services for the homeless published in the literature are discussed at the beginning of the theoretical part. The core fragment of the theoretical part is devoted to a discussion on the basis and ways of measuring homelessness both in the Czech Republic and abroad. Different tools for measuring homelessness are compared in the thesis, appended with commentaries reflecting author's own multiyear experiences with providing services for target group and his involvement in surveys. The empirical part describes the process of verifying the applicability of the given methodology for enumerating and mapping the needs of homeless in practice. The procedures how author reached the final adjustments of the given methodology are described in this part. The modified methodology for counting and mapping the needs of homeless is presented in the conclusion. At final stage the modified methodology is compared with the methodology used for enumerating homeless in the United States.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 29 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
16 Ružička, Jakub
16 Růžička, Jakub
26 Růžička, Jan
1 Růžička, Jaroslav
1 Růžička, Jiří,
4 Růžička, Josef
1 Růžička, Juraj
1 Růžička, Jáchym
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