National Repository of Grey Literature 4 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Glutamate Carboxypeptidase II - Structural and Biochemical Characterization and Structure-Assisted Drug Design
Ptáček, Jakub ; Bařinka, Cyril (advisor) ; Obšil, Tomáš (referee) ; Brynda, Jiří (referee)
Glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCPII) is a human membrane-bound metallopeptidase discovered more than 30 years ago. It has attracted attention of biomedical scientists thanks to its diverse tissue expression profile and different biological functions. GCPII is detected on the surface of astrocytes in both central and peripheral nervous systems where it is responsible for the cleavage of N-acetyl-L-aspartyl-L-glutamate (NAAG), the most abundant mammalian peptidic neurotransmitter. Glutamate, one of the hydrolytic products, is a potent excitatory neurotransmitter and its overproduction has been shown to be responsible for cell death in various neurological disorders by a so-called glutamate excitotoxicity mechanism. Together with the fact that NAAG acts neuroprotectively it has been postulated (and later confirmed) that GCPII inhibition has a therapeutic potential in such disorders. Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most prevalent cancer in men and despite its slow progression it is prone to metastasize thus posing a life threat. GCPII has been found to be overexpressed in prostate tumor cells compared to the healthy tissue (therefore it is also termed prostate-specific membrane antigen - PSMA) thus representing an excellent biomarker of PCa validated by many publications and clinical studies....
Preparation of DNA-binding domain of Forkhead transcription factor FOXO3
Dolejš, Vojtěch ; Šulc, Miroslav (advisor) ; Ptáček, Jakub (referee)
This bachelor thesis is part of a project aiming for the development of low molecular compounds which would be capable to inhibit the interaction between human transcription factor FOXO3 and DNA. Main goal of this thesis is preparation of 15 N-labelled DNA-binding domain of FOXO3 protein (FOXO3-DBD) and verification of its native structure using 1 H- 15 N HSQC NMR experiment. FOXO transcription factors are important and evolutionary conserved regulatory proteins, which are involved in many crucial cellular processes. The activity of FOXO proteins is regulated by posttranslational modifications, out of which the most important are phosphorylation, acetylation and ubiquitination. Forkhead transcription factors participate in a variety of different cellular functions, although its expression is limited to specific tissues. They contain approximately 100 amino acids long DNA-binding domain composed of several parts. Among its main functions belong the regulation of cell cycle and apoptosis, proliferation and cell differentiation, metabolism control and stress-response regulation. Some types of tumor cells have developed resistance against chemotherapy by increasing activity of FOXO3 transcription factors. For this reason, it is necessary to look for means to specifically suppress the function of this...
Phylogenetic analysis of Rieske dioxygenases large subunits genes in soil contaminated with jet fuel
Ptáček, Jakub ; Bořek Dohalská, Lucie (advisor) ; Poljaková, Jitka (referee)
The former military air-base Hradcany is among the most contaminated with organic pollutants localities in Czech Republic. Main cleanup strategy in the area is the bioremediation taking advantage on the natural potential of the autochthonous soil microorganisms to evolve catabolic pathways for in situ degradation of the pollutant. The diversity and abundance of the pathways, as well as the specificity and activity of the encoded enzymes are priority biotic factors determining the bioremediation efficiency. Main task of this work was to analyze the bacterial diversity in jet fuel contaminated soils based on key catabolic genes encoding the Rieske non-haem iron dioxygenases of the toluene/ biphenyl oxygenase branch. High molecular soil DNA was extracted and the sequences encoding catabolic genes were selectively enriched by hybridization to biotinylated oligonucleotides on magnetic microbeads with covalently bound streptavidin. Fragments of the genes for the -subunits of Rieske non-haem iron oxygenases were amplified and analyzed by restriction analysis, cloning and sequencing. Their evolutionary histories were inferred using the Neighbour-Joining and the maximum likelihood methods. The catabolic genes diversity in the actively bioremediated and highly polluted soil HRB was compared with the diversity in the...

See also: similar author names
10 PTÁČEK, Jan
3 Ptáček, J.
10 Ptáček, Jan
6 Ptáček, Jiří
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