National Repository of Grey Literature 34 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The role of the immune system in the immunopathogenesis of autoimmune diseases and the therapeutic modulation of autoimmune reaction by tolerogenic dendritic cells
Dáňová, Klára ; Palová Jelínková, Lenka (advisor) ; Prokešová, Ludmila (referee) ; Heneberg, Petr (referee)
Immunotherapy based on dendritic cells (DCs) was first tested in clinical trials for the treatment of cancer in the 1990s. Currently, the ability of DCs to modulate immune responses is also being tested in several clinical studies focusing on autoimmune disease treatment with the aim of suppressing the overactivated immune system and restoring immune tolerance. For this purpose, so-called tolerogenic DCs with considerable suppressive potential are used. Tolerogenic DCs can be generated ex vivo from monocytes using pharmacological agents, which in DCs induce a regulatory phenotype with low expression of activation markers, high expression of inhibitory markers and secretion of suppressive cytokines. In the first part of this study, we show that cultivation of human blood monocytes in the presence of glucocorticoid dexamethasone and 19- nor-1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D2 (paricalcitol) enables ex vivo generation of tolerogenic DCs with a highly stable suppressive phenotype characterized by upregulated IL-10 production, inhibitory IL- T3 and PD-L1 molecule expression, the low stimulatory capacity and the ability to induce regulatory T cell development. Moreover, we show that metabolic changes and signaling through NF-κB, p38 MAPK, ERK1/2 molecules and the mTOR/STAT3 pathway play an important role in the...
Mucosal immunity in upper respiratory tract diseases and autoimmunity diseases
Fundová, Petra ; Tlaskalová - Hogenová, Helena (advisor) ; Prokešová, Ludmila (referee) ; Bártová, Jiřina (referee)
Mucosal immune system comprises not only the major compartment of the immune system but also important interface with the outer environment. It is responsible in maintaining an intricate balance with the danger and non-danger stimuli of the outer world by employing specific anatomical features and unique functional mechanisms. Mucosal immune system has been long understudied, perhaps due to the limited accessibility, and its biological importance is thus still underevaluated. However, it has become evident that it is important to study mucosal immune system not only in local mucosal affections but also when uncovering pathogenic mechanisms and novel prevention strategies of organ specific autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes. Thus, the first, more clinically oriented part of this thesis is focused on mucosal immune system of the upper respiratory tract in disease conditions - in nasal polyposis (NP). Because there is a substantial accumulation of eosinophils and neutrophils in the most frequent type of NP, we investigated and described increased expression of chemokine receptors CCR1 and CCR3 in NP versus nasal mucosa. Both innate immune mechanisms as well as homeostasis of epithelial cells may participate in NP. We have documented increased numbers of iNOS-positive and insulin-like growth...
"DASH molecues" in local and systemic pathogenetic processes of rehumatoid arthritis
Šromová, Lucie ; Šedo, Aleksi (advisor) ; Borovanský, Jan (referee) ; Prokešová, Ludmila (referee)
The biological half-life of several pro-inflammatory mediators involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is controlled by molecules exhibiting dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV)-like enzymatic activity (Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV activity and/or structure homologues- DASH). The aim of this thesis was to identify the molecular source of the DPP-IV-like enzymatic activity in the peripheral blood and synovial fluid in patients with rheumatoid arthritis as compared to control patients with osteoarthritis (OA), and to evaluate the association of DPP-IV with the disease activity. We found that the main source of the DPP-IV-like enzyme activity in the plasma and in the synovial fluid in patients with RA is the canonical DPP-IV. DPP-IV-like enzymatic activity and canonical DPP-IV were also detected on the cell surface of blood and synovial fluid mononuclear cells. Significantly lower DPP-IV-like enzymatic activity and DPP-IV expression in the synovial fluid mononuclear cells was found in RA as opposed to OA patients. In the synovial fluid of RA patients there was also a negative correlation between the concentration of the pro-inflammatory DPP-IV substrate SDF (stromal cell-derived factor-1 and the proportion of the DPP-IV+ T cells. The blood plasma DPP-IV-like enzymatic activity and...
Characterization and utilization of feacal microflora components in experimental models of human civilisation diseases
Šrůtková, Dagmar ; Kozáková, Hana (advisor) ; Prokešová, Ludmila (referee) ; Mihál, Vladimír (referee)
Interaction between intestinal microbiota and host mucosal immune system plays crucial role in maintenance of mucosal homeostasis. Dysbiosis, altered composition of microbial communities, has been shown to be associated with life-style diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) or allergies. In this regard, probiotics are valuable tool for the improvement of gut microbiota disbalance and proper stimulation of the immune system. In this thesis we focused on taxonomical classification of Bifidobacterium longum human origin strains by PCR-based methods, in vitro characterization of immunomodulatory properties of selected Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus strains and evaluation of the beneficial effect of selected bacterial strains in IBD and allergy experimental mouse models. We investigated four different PCR-based methods and biochemical analysis for the taxonomical classification of twenty-eight B. longum isolates from the healthy human faeces. The Amplified Ribosomal DNA Restriction Analysis was the only method to be able to differentiate the analyzed strains into the B. longum/infantis subspecies. We showed that the analyzed immunostimulatory properties of bifidobacterial strains are strictly strain-specific. In a mouse model of acute ulcerative colitis, we have demonstrated that...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 34 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
4 Prokešová, Lenka
2 Prokešová, Linda
4 Prokešová, Lucie
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