National Repository of Grey Literature 10 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Femtosecond laser spectroscopy of diamond
Bažíková, Sára ; Malý, Petr (advisor) ; Preclíková, Jana (referee)
Due to its extraordinary features and wide bandwidth (5.47 eV), diamond is a very promising material in the field of optoelectronics. By absorbing ultraviolet light, excited charge carriers - electrons and holes - are created in the diamond, which can create excitons due to mutual Coulomb interaction. For low temperatures and high concentrations of photoexcitated carriers, carriers can condense into electron-hole droplets and form an electron-hole liquid. The aim of this diploma thesis is to follow up with previous research at the department and to examine the dynamics of electron-hole liquid in bulk diamond at low temperatures. Using femtosecond laser spectroscopy, we investigate the influence of excitation wavelengths on the dynamics of electron-hole liquid condensation.
Laser spectroscopy of crystalline and nanocrystalline diamond
Zukerstein, Martin ; Trojánek, František (advisor) ; Preclíková, Jana (referee)
The aim of this thesis is a study of NV centres in crystalline and nanocrystalline diamond by laser spectroscopy methods. In the theoretical part we discuss the laser spectroscopy methods, the studied material - diamond and the NV colour centres. In the experimental part we discuss the influence of nanoparticle size on luminescence spectra. We measure the luminescence of samples at room and also at low temperatures depending on the intensity and wavelength of the excitation. We study the photo-conversion of negatively charged state of NV centres to the neutral in detail. We make the time resolved measurements of the luminescence on streak camera for characterization the dynamical properties of the studied samples. The result is the comparison of lifetimes of the states in NV centres in selected samples.
Laser spectroscopy with high spatial resolution
Surýnek, Miloslav ; Němec, Petr (advisor) ; Preclíková, Jana (referee)
Spintronics is a fast developing branch of electronics, which uses for data storage and processing not only the electric charge of electrons, but also their spin. However, for a research of materials which can be used for a construction of spintronic devices it is necessary to use experimental methods that are able to achieve both high temporal and spatial resolutions. In Laboratory of Optospintronics at the Department of Chemical Physics and Optics there is currently developed a method based on Kerr microscope, which is expected to achieve a high spatial resolution and in a future also a high temporal resolution. The goal of this thesis is to characterize some parts of the experimental setup: Namely, a characterization of the laser speckle reducer LSR-3005-24D made by Optotune and a characterization of the piezo-driven mirror mount CONEX-AG-M100D made by Newport. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Spatially- and time-resolved laser spectroscopy
Kuchařík, Jiří ; Němec, Petr (advisor) ; Preclíková, Jana (referee)
Speed is one of the most important characteristics of the majority of electro- nic and optoelectronic components. Ultrafast laser spectroscopy is therefore a very effective tool for studying the properties of materials suitable for their pro- duction. However, for more detailed information it is also necessary to achieve a high spatial resolution. In this bachelor thesis we deal with several experimental approaches which allow us to achieve a high spatial resolution in time-resolved experiments. In particular, we describe experimental setups using microscope ob- jectives and we also mention the use of transient grating technique. Furthermore, we present the results of our measurement of a time length of ultrashort laser pulses which are generated by the pulse laser Mai Tai HP and their expansion due to propagation through microscope objectives. 1
Investigation of parameters of ultrafast laser pulses
Chlouba, Tomáš ; Němec, Petr (advisor) ; Preclíková, Jana (referee)
In this work we investigate parameters of laser radiation coming from continual titan-sapphire laser 3900S, pulsed titan-sapphire laser Mai-Tai HP and from optical parametric oscillator Inspire made by Spectra Physics. We are particulary insterested in dependence of power, width of the beam, noise and beam pointing stability as a function of wavelength. We have also measured beam pointing stability in time and compared it with beam stability during change of wavelength. With pulse laser we are also interested in the spectra and time width of the pulses. We aim to compare the properties of both titan-sapphire lasers and to verify specifications of Mai-Tai and Inspire given by the manufacturer.
Interaction of ultrashort laser pulses with semiconductor nanostructures
Preclíková, Jana ; Malý, Petr (advisor) ; Potůček, Zdeněk (referee) ; Oswald, Jiří (referee)
The thesis is devoted to the optical spectroscopy (photoluminescence, transmission, ultrafast photoluminescence) of nanocrystalline diamond films and silver nanoparticles in titanium dioxide matrix. We studied the influence of the laser irradiation on optical properties of both materials under various conditions. Nanocrystalline diamond exhibits strong subpicosecond and picosecond photoluminescence parameters of which (intensity and decay rate) change with the laser irradiation and ambient air pressure. The effects are accompanied by a change in optical thicknesses of the nanocrystalline diamond films. We assigned the phenomena to light induced adsorption processes which influence the subgap states originating from surface and grainboundaries atoms. We implemented and optimized the preparation technique of the nanocomposite Ag-TiO2films exhibiting the multicolour photochromic effect. The analysis of the initial stages of the photochromic transformation revealed that during the laser irradiation the plasmon frequency of the resonating silver nanoparticles was blue shifted. The photoluminescence spectroscopy confirmed an increase in number of the Ag+ ions during the photochromic transformation. The photoluminescnece of the nanocrystalline TiO2 is due to the two types of radiative transitions: the...
Effect of surface of semiconductor nanocrystals on their properties: investigation by laser spectroscopy
Preclíková, Jana
The topic of the diploma thesis is chemical treatment of the surfaces of semiconductor nanocrystals CdS and CdSe in the form of thin nanocrystalline films prepared by chemical bath deposition. The evolution of photoluminescence and absorption spectra was investigated under treatment by water, toluene, butylamine, pyridine and hydrogen peroxide. The strongest changes were observed by samples soaked in water, pyridine and aqueous solution of pyridine. The observed effects were explained by partly dissolving of nanocrystals by water and affecting behaviour of photoexcited holes in the presence of the strong hole acceptor pyridine. The second part of this diploma thesis deals with photochromic properties of silver nanoparticles in a titanium oxide matrix. The photochromic behaviour of the samples was examined in detail. A phenomenological model of photochromic changes was suggested in analogy with the hole burning spectroscopy. In order to better understand the microscopic processes in this composite material other experiments were realized - e.g. samples were UV irradiated, or laser illuminated under lowered air pressure, pump & probe experiment. Under laser irradiation optical extinction of some nanoparticles was decreased. Simultaneously, changes of plasmon resonances of the rest of nanoparticels were...
Effect of surface of semiconductor nanocrystals on their properties: investigation by laser spectroscopy
Preclíková, Jana ; Malý, Petr (advisor) ; Franc, Jan (referee)
The topic of the diploma thesis is chemical treatment of the surfaces of semiconductor nanocrystals CdS and CdSe in the form of thin nanocrystalline films prepared by chemical bath deposition. The evolution of photoluminescence and absorption spectra was investigated under treatment by water, toluene, butylamine, pyridine and hydrogen peroxide. The strongest changes were observed by samples soaked in water, pyridine and aqueous solution of pyridine. The observed effects were explained by partly dissolving of nanocrystals by water and affecting behaviour of photoexcited holes in the presence of the strong hole acceptor pyridine. The second part of this diploma thesis deals with photochromic properties of silver nanoparticles in a titanium oxide matrix. The photochromic behaviour of the samples was examined in detail. A phenomenological model of photochromic changes was suggested in analogy with the hole burning spectroscopy. In order to better understand the microscopic processes in this composite material other experiments were realized - e.g. samples were UV irradiated, or laser illuminated under lowered air pressure, pump & probe experiment. Under laser irradiation optical extinction of some nanoparticles was decreased. Simultaneously, changes of plasmon resonances of the rest of nanoparticels were...

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