National Repository of Grey Literature 47 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The influence of sports aerobics on posture and muscle balance
Papežová, Veronika ; Prajerová, Květa (advisor) ; Nováková, Pavlína (referee)
Title: The influence of sports aerobics on posture and muscle balance Aim: The aim of the thesis is to find out how aerobic gymnastics (sport aerobics) at the top level affects selected groups of muscles and posture of girls with more than 10 years of competing experience. The thesis compares the results of a group practicing aerobics with the results of a group of girls of the same age category, who engage in physical activities only during school physical education lessons. Characteristics: The diploma thesis deals with the effect of aerobic gymnastics on good posture. The basis for this thesis was obtained by testing selected shortened and weakend muscle groups. Two groups of girls were compared. The first group consisted of girls representing the Czech Republic at international championships and practicing aerobic gymnastics at the highest level for more than ten years. On the other hand, the second group consisted of subjects, who were engaged in physical activities only in physical education lessons in school. Methods: In the thesis there was used a qualitative research and delibarate selection of subjects. Selected tests evaluated posture according to Matthias according to Haladová, Nechvátalová (1997), with the help of lowered plumb line according to Kopecký (2010) and test exercises for...
The influence of sport aerobics on the posture
Papežová, Veronika ; Prajerová, Květa (advisor) ; Nováková, Pavlína (referee)
The thesis deals with the effect of sports aerobics on correct body posture. Two groups of probands will be compared based on testing. One group has been actively practicing sports aerobics for several years. On the other hand, the second group will include girls who do reacreational sports only. The first group consists of girls representing the Czech Republic at international competitions and practicing sports aerobics in the 1st performance class. The second group of probands consists of students of the 3rd year of the Secondary Vocational School, Sedlčany, Petra Bezruče 364. The thesis will focus on the comparison of the effect of sports aerobics on body posture. In addition, compensatory exercises will be designed to help to eliminate muscle imbalance. The thesis will introduce common exercise aids, which can affect the correct body posture and which can be used in exercises not only for sports aerobics training, but also within the classes of school physical education.
The Evaluation of the Current Situation of Posture and Flat Foot Occurrence among the Young, Engaged in the Sports and not Engaged in the Sports in the West Bohemia
Zeman, Martin ; Prajerová, Květa (advisor) ; Strnad, Pavel (referee)
Title: The Evaluation of the Current Situation of Posture and Flat Foot Occurrence among the Young, Engaged in the Sports and not Engaged in the Sports, in the West Bohemia Objectives: The main objective of this thesis is to find out the current situation of posture and flat feet occurrence and to evaluate these findings together with a questionnaire survey, focused on the physical activity among a representative sample of young people. Methods: The main methods used to find out the current state of posture were a Matthias' posture test and a diagnostic device for flat feet examination with a polarized light called a podoscope. Plantographs had been evaluated according to the Kapandji score (1985). By the means of the written questionnaire, a basic data about the probands were found out, especially about their interest in the physical activity and their involvement in the sport activity. To determine the optimal weight or overweight, the body mass index BMI was used. By the probands, the BMI was calculated from their recorded body weight and height, using the personal scale Salter 9204WH3R and standalone measure Tanita HR-001. Results: It was discovered 68 % of the tested probands have a faulty posture, and by 32 % of the probands, a flatfoot among 1ř to 3ř occurred. Next, it was found out that a...
Determination of the occurrence of poor posture and muscle imbalance of female students aged 15-19 and possibilities of influencing that by elements of health physical education
Grundová, Michaela ; Prajerová, Květa (advisor) ; Prokešová, Eva (referee)
Title: Determination of the occurrence of poor posture and muscle imbalance of female students agend 15-19 and possibilities of influencing that by elements of health physical education. Objectives: The aim of this study is determination of change in posture and muscle imbalance due to regural health exercise for the period of 3 months Methods: Klein, Thomas and Mayer test method was used to determine posture of each proband. Functional tests of muscles with tendency to shorten were performed according to Bursová (2005), Hošková and Matoušová (2000), Pernicová et al. (1993). Functional tests of muscles with a tendency to become flabby were tested according to Hošková and Matoušová (2000). The method of theoretical analysis and synthesis was used for the chapter "Piece of knowledge" (Štumbauer, 1990). The chapter "Knowledge of data" was processed by Microsoft Office Excel. One-piece non-parametric Wilcoxon test was used to verify the results. Results: In the chapter "Results" we find detailed information about probands, which we have gained from the questionnaire and from a personal interview. Each proband is discussed and evaluated by means of testing posture and muscle imbalance. Keywords: posture, muscle imbalance, muscle balance, testing, tight muscles, flabby muscles, health physical education,...
The influence of exercise on subjective perception of our own body in participants of the Feldenkrais method course
Havlíková, Karolína ; Vařeková, Jitka (advisor) ; Prajerová, Květa (referee)
Title of the thesis: The influence of exercise on subjective perception of our own body in participants of the Feldenkrais method course Aims of the thesis: The aim of this thesis was to deepen the theoretical knowledge of the Feldenkrais method, the basic anatomy of the cervical spine and the construction of the eye. Furthermore, the aim was to clarify the connection of eye movements and cervical spine, and define cervicoocular reflex, vestibuloocular reflex and whiplash syndrome. Then apply this knowledge and explain how one lesson of the Feldenkrais method affects the subjective perception of our own body, and how it can affect the magnitude of the cervical spine ranges. Method: It is a quantitative, experimental research. In the first part of the research, the questionnaire of own design monitored the effect of one lesson of the Feldenkrais method on the subjective perception of our own body in a group of 56 people aged 24 to 79 years, the lesson took part during a three-day course. In the second part of the research, the effect of one Feldenkrais method focused on the movement of eyes and cervical spine was studied in a group of 20 people aged 19 to 27 years. Data to this section was obtained based on input and output measurements using a measuring tape and a goniometer. In addition, a...
Compensation exercise like a supplement of young school age children in figure skating
Nowická, Eva ; Hráský, Pavel (advisor) ; Prajerová, Květa (referee)
Title: Compensatory exercise as a complement to the training schedule for children of younger school age in figure skating Objectives: The main objective of this work is to identify the most frequently occurring muscular dysbalance in the studied group of younger school-age figure skaters. Therefore, in order to find out the fundamental deficiencies, we used simple tests and based on the deficiencies, we created a buffer of compensatory exercises. We will verify the results using the same tests as at the beginning of the initial measurement after the three-month preparatory period. Methods: In my work I used a functional muscular test to assess the flexibility and examination of a physiotherapist with the help of the MFK system. We do not only measure the muscular strength of the main muscle in individual tests, but we also investigate and analyze the performance of the whole movement. Testing was attended by five figure skaters in the younger school age. Results: Initial testing took place at the start of the preparatory period. A 3-month compensation program was then applied and after the test, the probands were again tested to determine the effect. The results of this work are described in the tables. The result of this work is that the most problematic parts were the abdominal, back muscles and...
Relationship between aerobic endurance and static strength of elderly female athletes to selected anthropometric parameters
Toman Hrušková, Zdeňka ; Prajerová, Květa (advisor) ; Majorová, Simona (referee)
Title: Relation between aerobic endurance and static strength of elderly female athletes to selected anthropometric parameters. Objectives: The purpose of this study is to analyse an aerobic endurance, tested by 2 km walk test and static strength tested by prone bridge maneuver and to investigate any existing association to selected anthropometric parameters. These tests were undertaken by elderly female athletes studying U3A at the UK FTVS. Methods: 48 elderly female athletes (age 66,1±2,35, body height 1,67±0,064cm, body weight 69,80±10,42kg, waist circumference 88,82±10,64cm, body mass index (BMI) 25,10±3,62), studying U3V of UK FTVS at the time of taking the part in the research. The original sample of elderly athletes accounted for 86, but elderly athletes over age of 70 and athletes under heart - rate medication were excluded. Male athletes were also excluded for greater group compatibility. Measurement of aerobic endurance was realized by a 2 km walk test at the athletic stadium of UK FTVS according to Mr. Stejskal. Time and heart rate were scanned by sporttesters (PolarS610i). Static strength was measured by isometric method of prone bridge maneuver. Selected anthropometric parameters to the aerobic endurance and prone bridge maneuver were investigated. All data was processed using the...
How dogs can affect physical aktivity of the people with disability
Neubergová, Kristýna ; Migdauová, Alena (advisor) ; Prajerová, Květa (referee)
Title: A dog's impact on the physical activity of persons with a spinal cord injury using orthopaedic wheelchairs Objective: The aim of this thesis is to demonstrate that having had a spinal cord injury, those owning a dog have more physical activity than persons with the same injury who do not own a dog. A secondary objective was to research whether individuals with a spinal cord injury owning a dog get enough daily physical activity as recommended by the World Health Organization. Methods: Qualitative research method was employed for the purpose of this thesis. The data were collected using a semi-structured interview "PARA-SCI." Physical activity was measured by an accelerometer ActiGraph GT3X+ which every participant received in order to measure his or her physical activity. Each participant's physical activity was measured for three weeks. Then, a subjective measurement of the participants' physical activity was conducted by means of a personal interview PARA-SCI. During the interview, each participant's activity was recorded into the PARA-SCI sheets. Next, objective data from the accelerometers were compared with the subjective data from the semi-structured personal interviews PARA-SCI. The focus group for this research was comprised of individuals having had a spinal cord injury. Results:...
Effects of therapeutic physical education program on body posture in the elderly
Tomek, Jaroslav ; Vařeková, Jitka (advisor) ; Prajerová, Květa (referee)
Title: Effects of therapeutic physical education program on body posture in the elderly Objectives: Demonstrate effect of yoga exercises, breathing exercises, Feldenkrais method, and others stretching exercises on Upper Crossed Syndrome in group of seniors Methods: This bachelor thesis has a quasi-experimental character. It is a quality research of empirical character. The research group included six female retirees. Age average - 75,2 years. Observation postural assessment by Klein, Thomas and Mayer, Cramptons tests and Matthias test were the main methods of the research. Structure of this intervention was based on yoga exercises, breathing exercises, Feldenkrais method and others stretching exercises in range of 8 lessons. Results: The results of this study confirms the influence of therapeutic physical education program on Upper Crossed Syndrome in group of seniors. In physical intervention which took 8 weeks were found positives results by: observation postural assessment by Klein, Thomas and Mayer 6 of 8 tested persons, in Cramptons tests only 1 of 6 positives results and in Matthias test were found 5 of 6 positive changes. In the end we could confirmed effect of therapeutic physical education on body posture. Mainly on Upper Crossed Syndrome in group of seniors by 8 weeks of intervention. Key...
Compensation program for youth in ice hockey
Soukupová, Nikola ; Prajerová, Květa (advisor) ; Nováková, Pavlína (referee)
Title: Compensation program for youth in ice hockey. Objectives: The main goal of this work is to compile and verify the effectiveness of the compansation program for ice hockey players in the older school age category. Methods: In our work, we used the empirical qualitative type of research of one 10 - member control group of ice hockey players of the same age group, aged 12-13, conceived as a quasi-experiment. The muscle imbalances are evaluated in the practical part. Based on the results of the input diagnostics of the postural and phasic muscles we built a compansation program containing a battery of exercises set up to relaase, stretch and strengthen the most problematic areas of the movement apparatus of ice hockey players. The results evaluate the effectiveness of the compensation program, which has been running for ten months. Results: The work proved the hypothesis that the compansation program works. The compansation excercises positively influence the muscle imbalances. The control group has achieved better results in output testing. Keywords: Muscle imbalance, ice hockey, testing, compensation exercises, older school age.

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