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Czech Neo-baroque Sculpture
Bezoušková, Martina ; Wittlich, Petr (advisor) ; Prahl, Roman (referee) ; Šámal, Petr (referee)
One of the main goals of this thesis is to better understand Czech Neo-Baroque tendencies and their placement within the context of Czech sculpture in general. To be able to better understand the role of Neo-Baroque in this artistic branch it is important to first cover the process of Baroque's revival in Czech lands which triggered creative approach to Baroque motifs and the birth of Neo-Baroque at the end of the 19th century. This is covered in the first part of the thesis. The opening chapter mentions different perceptions of the term Neo-Baroque and how its understanding evolved from the 19th century until present. Chapter that follows elaborates on the topic of Neo-Baroque being one of the historicizing styles and discusses the cultural and ideological circumstances which led to its widespread use. The topic that strongly resonates here is the Prague urban sanitation which turned most of the sculptors into modelers who would transform Neo-Baroque facades of new buildings into complex decorative schemes. The topic in question also covers periodical swatches of Celda Klouček and Friedrich Ohmann, a very valuable ideological impulse which significantly contributed to raising awareness of the Baroque beauties of Czech provenience as an inspirational source for decorative sculpture and plaster...
Art to convention
Micka, Alois ; Rakušanová, Marie (advisor) ; Šetlík, Jiří (referee) ; Prahl, Roman (referee)
The goal of this dissertation is to document and present exhibition concepts of new or re- established galleries and exhibition halls united in the Union of Czechoslovak Visual Artists in Prague in 1964-1969. A partial goal is to find and clarify principal legal, political and cultural events in the background of which such exhibition and artistic life unfolded. The thesis covers the period between two conventions of the Union of Czechoslovak Visual Artists, i.e. the period from December 1964 until the end of 1969 with certain intermissions. In terms of the selection, it deals with "smaller" galleries that influenced the most the level of presentation of visual arts at exhibitions in Prague in the period under consideration. For this reason, attention is paid to the Václav Špála Gallery, Nová síň Gallery, Galerie Na Karlově náměstí, and the Vincenc Kramář Gallery. The basic topics of the dissertation are concentrated in two spheres that pervade one another. The first sphere is dedicated to fundamental social and political prerequisites for the establishment of "smaller" galleries as well as, in brief, the history of the formation of the Union of Czechoslovak Visual Artists. In particular, it deals with the then applicable legislation concerning the given field of cultural life of society. It takes...
The Mirror of Reality in the Imagery of Dreams of the 19th and 20th Centuries. Creative Individuality versus the Chaos of the Time
Šmejkalová, Adriana ; Wittlich, Petr (advisor) ; Prahl, Roman (referee) ; Winter, Tomáš (referee)
ANNOTATION: The work The Mirror of Reality in the Imagery of Dreams of the 19th and 20th Centuries - Creative Individuality versus the Chaos of the Time is based on the assumption that dreams are inseparably linked to the concept of existence in human life (Michel Foucault). The study touches on the ways in which dreams are depicted in visual culture that does not coincide with chronologically organized historical events, but is an expression of a free alliance between artists in the European space and centuries of common experience. These works are generally socially critical, exposed to unimaginable pressure from public censorship. The artist must pretend it is only an innocent game, a crazy idea, a whim. At the same time, these paintings are not an expression of boundless imagination, but they are subject to the firm rules of spatial construction of the painting. This is due to the traditional delimitation of dark depths - the underworld of Virgil's Saturn myth of pre-Roman culture, alternating with the vertically felt open heavens as variants of the original Plato's The Myth of Er, which in the 20th century paintings is replaced by the idea of an open landscape with illumination on the low horizon. The work deals with the work of Albrecht Dürer, his copperplate Melancholia I (1514) and his so-called...
Bohuslav Kroupa (1838-1912), the painter-traveller
Drnková, Hana ; Prahl, Roman (advisor) ; Dlábková, Markéta (referee)
The bachelor thesis focuses on portraying unpublished data of life and work of a painter Bohuslav Kroupa (1838-1912) whose monograph has not yet been written. The main source of information is his estate, which he bequeathed to the Náprstkovo Museum. Firstly, I will focus on his studies in Prague and the works created under the influence of the professor of the Landscape School Max Haushofer. It will also mention artworks of his classmates. Secondly, I will concentrate on his travels abroad especially to the United States and Canada, which are connected with illustrations for local periodicals. Bohuslav Kroupa also made illustrations for his travel book, published in London in 1890. The aim of the thesis is the overall evaluation of Bohuslav Kroupa's work (including magazines and book illustrations) and his position within fine arts of the second half of the 19th century. Key words Bohuslav Kroupa, 19th century painting, Haushofer's landscape painting school, illustrator, traveller
Grave, Tombstone, Graveyard. The Range of Motifs of the Czech Painting of the 19th Century
Kučerová, Anežka ; Prahl, Roman (advisor) ; Konečný, Lubomír (referee)
(in English) This thesis called Grave, Tombstone, Graveyard. The Range of Motifs of the Czech Painting of the 19th Century is based on the analysis of paintings, drawings and graphics made by Czech authors throughout the 19th century. Artists worked with funeral motifs in different ways and these will be presented in different case studies. Some painters were fascinated by these subjects and they turned their attention to them systematically and repeatedly throughout their career. Other artists worked with funeral motifs rarely, although significantly. Artists integrated motifs of graves, monuments and cemeteries to their pieces of art for different purposes; this was connected with the interest of Romanticism in aesthetic anomalies and mystery, with their personal experience and feelings. Artists were also interested in genre scenes that were situated in cemeteries. Funeral motifs can be found in illustrated journals as well. Their aim was to document the specific place and as to symbolically express the finality of the life. The pieces of art will be presented in the context of the burial rites and literature of the 19th century. This phenomenon was also reflected by foreign artists, some of them will be also mentioned in the thesis as an analogy to the Czech works.
Antonín Hudeček's Painting around 1900
Kubík, Petr ; Prahl, Roman (advisor) ; Rakušanová, Marie (referee)
The diploma work deals with the paintings of Antonín Hudeček from around 1900, which are viewed from two positions. The first thematic area includes the analysis of selected thought sources (the topic of a soul or a mood in the art), the motives (mirroring) and the themes (bathing boys) of Hudeček's paintings, which are treated with regard to the period art criticism a thought currents. The second part is made by analysis of some art sources which were essential for Antonín Hudeček's paintings around 1900. These were especially Hudeček's training with figuralists in Prague and Munich and the possible foreign inspiration, most importantly from the context of the contemporary art colonies and informal art groups. Fundamental theme of the work is the relationship of figure and landscape in the work of Antonín Hudeček around 1900. The catalogue of Hudeček's paintings from this period and excerpts from selected periodicals serve as the main methodological tool for comparison of Hudeček's work with other artists. Hudeček's schematic biography is also presented in the appendix of the work.
Josef Fanta and the Klatovy Town Hall
Chroustová, Eva ; Biegel, Richard (advisor) ; Prahl, Roman (referee)
The thesis deals with the Town Hall of Klatovy - specifically its reconstruction according to Josef Fanta's plans. The main aim of the thesis was to understand and describe the reasons for applying Neo-Renaissance as late as in the 1920s and also to find out how this belated choice was perceived. First the causes of the reconstruction are explained and then the causes why it was Fanta who was approached. Based on the sources the work documents other key personalities who played an important part in forming the new town hall. A separate chapter is dedicated to the aims they set and which led towards applying the Neo-Renaissance style. For better understanding of this choice both the history of the Town Hall of Klatovy and a wider context of Neo-Renaissance and town halls are introduced. A big part of the thesis deals with the then criticism which arose against Fanta's project (mainly in 1921) and which made it a topic connected not only with Klatovy. The reconstruction of the Town Hall of Klatovy thus became an illustrative example of the clash of the generations and their different attitudes towards monuments.
Ideological sources of Emil Filla's early works
Andrejsová, Eva ; Rakušanová, Marie (advisor) ; Prahl, Roman (referee)
(in English) The bachelor's work is focused on the explanation of ideological sources of Emil Filla's early art works using preserved personal diaries, correspondence and theoretical texts. It is concentrated on expressive phase of Filla's creation which is primarily linked with art group Osma, althoutgh it already had started at the Edvard Munch's exhibition organized by the SVU Mánes in Prague in 1905, which was greatly inspiring for him. Intention of this thesis is concentrated on deeper connection of Filla's own ideas and philosophical and literary sources with expressive phase of his work. Which is mainly a review of Fill's relationship to the philosophical systems of Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860), Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900), and Tomas Garrigue Masaryk (1850-1937). It also explores the painter's relation to the literary reference of Fjodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky (1821-1881) or to the theoretical works and publications of Julius Meier-Graefe (1867-1935) and Wilhelm Worringer (1881- 1965). Last but not least, it focuses on the theoretical texts from important personalities from the branch of physiology, optics and modern philosophy, such as Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832), Herrmann von Helmholtz (1821-1894), Jan Evangelista Purkyně (1787) -1869) or František Krejčí (1858-1934). 2
Women and Fashion in Gustav Klimt's Paintings
Huptychová, Kamila ; Rakušanová, Marie (advisor) ; Prahl, Roman (referee)
This bachelor thesis aims to approach paintings of women by Gustav Klimt from a contemporary feminist perspective in the context of fin de siècle fashion reform in Europe. The main object of this reform was the emancipation of women, therefore the thesis examines whether Klimt's inclusion of reformed garments in his paintings is compatible with this primary intent. Furthermore, in light of Adolf Loos's arguments, it discusses whether the Viennese incarnation of the reform was truly progressive in a sense of true emancipation of women. Finally, the thesis is concerned with the real situation of women in fin de siècle Vienna, and argues that the reason for the absence of prominent women in the art of the period does not necessarily lie in their passivity or marginality, rather in the permeation of dominant ideology into academic discourse about modernity.
Czech Illustrated Magazines of the Second Half ot he 19th Century
Dlábková, Markéta ; Prahl, Roman (advisor) ; Vondráček, Radim (referee) ; Sekera, Martin (referee)
Czech Illustrated Magazines of the Second Half of the 19th Century Markéta Dlábková Abstract of the thesis Illustrated magazines are specific phenomenon in the 19th century culture. Between the 1860s and 1890s they published an enormous number of pictorial materials of diverse content and quality. Apart from general social importance they played a significant role in the world of art as well. Today they can serve as a beneficial source of knowledge about situation on Czech as well as European art scene in the period. The so-called penny-magazines of the 1830s can be seen as predecessors of illustrated magazines. They presented a cheap and popular source of knowledge and amusement, together with considerable amount of xylographic illustrations. However, it was the second half of the 19th century that witnessed a real boom of illustrated magazines. At the beginning of the 1840s, the Illustrated London News, the Leipziger Illustrirte Zeitung and L'Illustration established the character of this type of periodicals. In following years there were many other magazines rising throughout entire Europe. In the Czech lands, first examples of the type can be found at the end of the 1850s. Květy (1865-1872), Světozor (1867-1899) and Zlatá Praha (1884-1929) belong among the most successful periodicals. The thesis deals...

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2 Prahl, R.
1 Prahl, Radim
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