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New analogs of anorexigenic neuropeptides involved in food intake regulation
Pražienková, Veronika ; Maletínská, Lenka (advisor) ; Novotný, Jiří (referee) ; Skálová, Lenka (referee)
This work focuses on anorexigenic neuropeptides, cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) and prolactin-releasing peptide (PrRP), which decrease food intake and body weight. CART peptide is an anorexigenic neuropeptide and, despite many efforts, its receptor has not yet been identified. We found CART peptide specific binding sites in pheochromocytoma PC12 cells. Cells differentiated to neurons increased significantly the number of binding sites. On the other hand, after differentiation to chromaffin cells the number of binding sites was so low that it was impossible to determine their density. To clarify the importance of each of the three disulfide bridges in the CART molecule, analogs with one or two disulfide bridges were synthetized. The biological activity was maintained in analog with two disulfide bridges in positions 74-94 and 88-101. Moreover, we demonstrated the stimulation of JNK and subsequently c-Jun activation in PC12 cells. Neuropeptide PrRP belongs to the RF-amide peptide family and has anorexigenic properties. PrPR has a high affinity to GPR10 and neuropeptide FF (NPFF2) receptor. In our laboratory lipidized analogs of PrRP were synthesized, which are able to decrease food intake after peripheral administration and may cross the blood-brain barrier. We tested biological...
New analogs of anorexigenic neuropeptides involved in food intake regulation
Pražienková, Veronika
This work focuses on anorexigenic neuropeptides, cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) and prolactin-releasing peptide (PrRP), which decrease food intake and body weight. CART peptide is an anorexigenic neuropeptide and, despite many efforts, its receptor has not yet been identified. We found CART peptide specific binding sites in pheochromocytoma PC12 cells. Cells differentiated to neurons increased significantly the number of binding sites. On the other hand, after differentiation to chromaffin cells the number of binding sites was so low that it was impossible to determine their density. To clarify the importance of each of the three disulfide bridges in the CART molecule, analogs with one or two disulfide bridges were synthetized. The biological activity was maintained in analog with two disulfide bridges in positions 74-94 and 88-101. Moreover, we demonstrated the stimulation of JNK and subsequently c-Jun activation in PC12 cells. Neuropeptide PrRP belongs to the RF-amide peptide family and has anorexigenic properties. PrPR has a high affinity to GPR10 and neuropeptide FF (NPFF2) receptor. In our laboratory lipidized analogs of PrRP were synthesized, which are able to decrease food intake after peripheral administration and may cross the blood-brain barrier. We tested biological...

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