National Repository of Grey Literature 2 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Historical record of the fairyshrimp Branchinecta gaini in the James Ross archipelago, and its phylogeography
Pokorný, Matěj ; Sacherová, Veronika (advisor) ; Janko, Karel (referee)
The Fairy shrimp Branchinecta gaini Daday, 1910 is the largest freshwater invertebrate in Antarctica and the top-level consumer of local freshwater food webs. Ecological demands of B. gaini that are accompanied by 'ruderal' life strategy together with its spatial distribution that exceeds to Patagonia indicate that it had survived last glacial period in South America and expanded to Antarctica shortly after this epoch endeed. On James Ross Island that is the most extreme environment where B. gaini occurs today was this fairy shrimp considered extinct until year 2008. Its disappearance was based on paleolimnological analysis of several lake sediment cores according to which it inhabited this island between years 4200 to approximately 1500 before present when it died out because of changes in lake catchments caused by harsh neoglacial conditions. Paleolimnological analysis of Monolith Lake presented in this study has shown that this assumption was wrong and B. gaini has lived on James Ross Island throughout neoglacial period up to recent time. Phylogeographic analysis of 16S rDNA of specimens from Patagonia, South Orkneys, South Shetlands and James Ross Island revealed that its high morphological diversity is not supported by this gene and that all examined populations of B. gaini is one species with very few...
Crustaceans of Antarctic lakes - past and present status
Pokorný, Matěj ; Sacherová, Veronika (advisor) ; Nedbalová, Linda (referee)
Antarctic continent is one of the most severe regions on Earth and it is characterized by low annual temperatures, low precipitation, extensive ice cover and low energy input from the Sun. Nevertheless its lakes host not only microbial communities and protists but in many cases even in the most extreme localities also metazoans, especially rotifers and crustaceans. For at least the last 15 million years Antarctica has experienced massive glaciations that shape the distribution of organisms on this continent. Although it was originally thought that freshwater animals did not survive Quaternary glaciations in situ but migrated to milder regions in the north, nowadays it appears that at least in some cases it is not true. Direct evidence of survival of rotifers (Notholca sp.) and crustaceans (Daphniopsis studeri) in Antarctica was given by paleolimnological studies that were carried out in the Larsemann Hills and circumstantial evidence for permanent survival of crustaceans in Antarctica (e.g. Gladioferens antarcticus) is also growing. Antarctica is currently inhabited by about 14 species of freshwater crustaceans but recent climate changes and rapid warming of Antarctic Peninsula will probably lead to changes in the distribution of some species (e.g. Bockella poppei, Branchinecta gaini) that could, combined...

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3 Pokorný, Matyáš
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20 Pokorný, Michal
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1 Pokorný, Miroslav
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