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The role of an advocate in the civil proceedings
Sobotková, Sandra ; Macková, Alena (advisor) ; Pohl, Tomáš (referee)
The topic of this work is the role of an advocate in the civil proceedings. The aim is to provide and analyse the state of law in the representation of an advocate in the civil proceedings in terms of efficiency and to formulate possible recommendations de lege ferenda. The partial aim of this work is to provide an insight into the importance of representation and the role of an advocate in civil proceedings. In order to fulfil the set goal, the work consists of six main chapters, which are further divided into subchapters as necessary. The first chapter is the introduction, it briefly presents the work with methods, literature, goals and other facts, which are essential for the next text. The second chapter is entitled "Introduction to the issue" and focuses on the general interpretation of the concept of civil proceedings, its participants, individual types of civil proceedings (declaratory procedure, insolvency procedure, enforcement procedure, detention procedure and arbitration procedure). Furthermore, the second chapter includes a treatise on the status of an advocate in civil proceedings, which emphasizes the fact that the advocate plays a very important role in the civil proceedings, since it is through the advocate that everyone's right to legal assistance in court proceedings is...
Selected Issues of the Discontinuance of Execution according to the Provision of Sec. 268 (1)(a - h) of the Code of Civil Procedure
Najmanová, Veronika ; Frintová, Dita (advisor) ; Pohl, Tomáš (referee)
Selected Issues of the Discontinuance of Execution according to the Provision of Sec. 268 (1)(a - h) of the Code of Civil Procedure ABSTRACT Execution, as the compulsory performance of obligations by way of interfering with the property interests of the obliged party, for the purpose of recovering the performances owed, represents an important procedural instrument through which creditors may assert their rights vis-a-vis debtors who failed to voluntarily fulfill the obligations imposed unto them in the enforcement order. However, not every execution is successful (in the sense that it results in the recovery of the performance owed). Circumstances may arise during the debt enforcement procedure which prevent its continuation and require enforcement action to cease before its intended purpose could be consummated. The law reflects these situations by providing for the discontinuance of execution, a procedural institution whose purpose it is to permanently prevent the compulsory performance of obligations as per the enforcement order and to lift the effects of the ongoing enforcement on the obliged party's property interests. This is at the same time the only means of defense available to obliged parties who wish to defend themselves against ongoing debt enforcement. There exists a host of reasons which may...
Interim Measures in Contentious Proceeding
Pelcová, Zuzana ; Frintová, Dita (advisor) ; Pohl, Tomáš (referee)
Interim Measures in Contentious Proceeding Abstract This thesis deals with the interim measures in the civil contentious proceeding, aimed to provide temporary protection of a compromised or violated right as soon as possible in compliance with the requirements of the right to judicial protection and fair trial. The first chapter of this thesis is dedicated to defining the term, purpose and types of interim measures in the civil procedure. The second chapter summarizes the historical development within the Czech Republic from 18th century up to the present. The third chapter is devoted to interim measures proceeding as a foundation of this thesis, where the various stages of the interim measures proceeding are analysed in depth. Firstly, attention is focused on the fulfilment of the proceedings' conditions, interim measures requirements, examining the proposal for proceedings' initiation and specific course of such proceeding. Afterwards, the delivering of the decision, the remedies against it and damages are examined. The fourth chapter deals with the questionable aspects of the interim measures proceeding resulting from the detailed analysis with respect to the requirement of the fair trial. Subsequently, the Czech legislation is compared to the German and Slovak legislation. The last chapter of this...
Bankruptcy as a mode of resolving debtor's insolvency
Vaníček, Petr ; Pohl, Tomáš (advisor) ; Frintová, Dita (referee)
Bankruptcy as a mode of resolving debtor's insolvency Abstract The subject of this thesis is bankruptcy as a mode of resolving debtor's insolvency. Bankruptcy (sometimes also referred to as liquidation) is simply a mode of solving insolvency, which mainly deals with the realization of debtor's assets and is also a universal way of solving bankruptcy available to all debtors. Despite this, it is not paid a lot of attention lately, which is much more focused on remediation methods, such as reorganization and debt relief. This thesis gradually acquaints the reader with the legal regulation of the most important legal institutions related to bankruptcy and selected connected context, which usually have a major impact on bankruptcy process or can cause problems. The first chapter is devoted to a more detailed introduction into the world of bankruptcy and bankruptcy law in terms of its historical development. The second chapter describes the insolvency petition and the debtor's path to bankruptcy, a prior stage of the proceeding. Its inclusion was necessary due to the many interconnections of insolvency proceedings. Probably the most important part is concentrated in the third chapter, where the problematic parts of the effects that the declaration of bankruptcy causes in the sphere of the debtor and the mutual...
Seizure of property of the obligor spouse in execution of judgement proceedings
Vernerová, Martina ; Pohl, Tomáš (advisor) ; Frintová, Dita (referee)
1 ABSTRACT SEIZURE OF PROPERTY OF THE OBLIGOR SPOUSE IN EXECUTION OF JUDGEMENT PROCEEDINGS The topic of this rigorosum thesis is seizure of property of the obligor spouse in execution of judgement and execution proceedings. "Seizurable property" in this context is property in community property of spouses (the obligor and their spouse), together with other property values belonging to the obligor spouse, such as their pay, pecuniary claims and other property rights that are not part of community property of spouses. The question of seizure of these other property rights has been a subject of an ongoing debate to which this thesis aims to contribute. Not much attention was paid to the issue of seizure of property of the obligor spouse in the past, but over the course of the seven last years, it has seen three major legislative changes which have made it a subject of public debate. These modifications, however, have also made it difficult to grasp for parties to a case, courts and court executors in their practice. Therefore, the aim of the present thesis is to critically assess the relevant legislation in selected periods of time, analyse its bases as well as its impacts on the obligor spouse in execution of judgement proceedings, and to point out to facts that have escaped the notice of experts. The thesis...
Arbitration proceeding in consumer disputes in the Czech Republic and in the Slovak Republic
Poláková, Petra ; Macková, Alena (advisor) ; Pohl, Tomáš (referee)
Arbitration proceeding in consumer disputes in the Czech Republic and in the Slovak Republic Abstract This rigorous thesis deals with the arbitration proceeding in consumer disputes in the Czech Republic and in the Slovak Republic. The aim of this work is to give a comprehensive view of the special nature of arbitration proceeding with a focus on the protection of consumer rights, analyze and evaluate the legislation of this area in the Czech Republic (before excluding the arbitration proceeding in consumer disputes in the Czech Republic) and the Slovak Republic. The thesis consists of an introduction, five chapters and a conclusion. The introduction is followed by the first chapter, which defines the concept and legal nature of arbitration proceeding, describes in detail its basic principles, advantages, disadvantages and types of arbitration proceeding. Furthermore, this thesis deals with the definition of consumer and entrepreneur in both countries, the concept of consumer relations, the principles and reasons leading to consumer protection in arbitration proceeding and arbitration in terms of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, the European Union, constitutional aspects of arbitration in The Czech Republic and the Consumer Protection Act in Act No. 89/2012 Coll.,...
Adoption Proceedings
Klimeš, Matěj ; Macková, Alena (advisor) ; Pohl, Tomáš (referee)
Adoption Proceedings Abstract This thesis deals with the current legal regulation of adoption proceedings. Adoption proceedings are one of the non-contentious proceedings which are initiated on basis of motion and in which court decides on the personal status of the adoptee and adopter. The thesis is divided into 5 parts in which the procedural and substantive regulation of adoption is discussed with the aim to provide an explanation of adoption proceedings as the legal regulation of this institute does not fully respect the division of the law into substantive and procedural. After a brief introduction, the first part is devoted to the historical excursion in which I describe the basics of the adoption as set by the ancient Roman law. In the longest chapter of first part I focus on the interpretation of the development of adoption after the establishment of the Czechoslovak Republic and the change of the position of court in the process of adoption. The concept of adoption is defined in the second part of this thesis and after that I focus on international treaties and laws that govern adoption in the Czech legal order. In the third part I describe the prerequisites for adopting a minor as set by substantive law with an emphasis on regulation regarding consent to adoption and pre-adoption custody of the...
Reimbursement of costs in trial proceedings and enforcement proceedings
Černý, František ; Pohl, Tomáš (advisor) ; Macková, Alena (referee)
Reimbursement of costs in trial proceedings and enforcement proceedings Abstract The aim of the thesis is to describe comprehensively the issue of reimbursement of costs in trial proceedings and enforcement proceedings. Sometimes, it is considered to be only a marginal part of the civil procedure, however the reimbursement of costs is certainly very important for both parties to a case. Reimbursement of costs of proceedings is a very interesting topic that has been undergoing turbulent development in recent years. The thesis is divided into an introduction, three main parts and a conclusion. The introduction focuses mainly on the definition of the objectives of the thesis and subsequently the interest of the general public in the issue of reimbursement of cost is analyzed. The first part provides the general description of the institute of costs of proceedings and defines the essential terms related to this issue. Subsequently, the types of costs of proceedings and legal regulation connected with them are examined. The second part of the thesis focuses on reimbursement of costs in trial proceedings. The initial chapter explicates general rules contained in the Civil Procedure Code, which are based mainly on the principle of success in the case and the principle of fault. All exceptions to these principles...
Discharge - resolving of insolvency of a debtor
Vodičková, Martina ; Pohl, Tomáš (advisor) ; Macková, Alena (referee)
Discharge - resolving of insolvency of a debtor A discharge is, in addition to bankruptcy order and restructuring, one of the options for resolving of the insolvency or imminent bankruptcy of a debtor in insolvency proceedings. The discharge can be initiated only by proposal from debtor, but only certain person can this proposal write and submit (the lawyer, the notary, the executot, the insolvency administrator or the accredited person). If the debtor proves that his proposal has honest intent, and that he is able to pay at least 30 % of his claims to the creditors, then the court will grant the discharge from debts. The discharge can be done in three ways: the liquidation of the assets, the performance of the payment calendary for up to 5 years or a combination of these two methods. The debtor himself can show his preferred way in the proposal, but the final decision is on unsecured creditors. Only if the creditors do not agree on any of these ways, will the court decide. If the debtor performs his duties for the duration of the discharge, the court will decide on fulfillment of the discharge and exempts the debtor from paying the remaining parts of his claims. In the event of the performance of payment calendary, the debtor may be exempt from paying the remaining parts of his claims, even if he has not...
Arbitration
Čeladník, Filip ; Pohl, Tomáš (referee)
1 The purpose of this thesis is to discuss the main aspects of the Czech legal regulation of the arbitration proceeding under the view of the particular Western European national and international legal orders. By doing so, the author strives for critical review of the arbitration proceeding as per the Czech legal order under the worldwide perspectives and with the prism of modern Western European and world legal theory of the arbitration proceeding. The intention of such research is to determine if the contemporary Czech legal regulation of the arbitration proceeding is in conformity with the modern theory and practice of the arbitration proceeding. This thesis also aims to answer a question whether the Czech courts shall have the right to review the application of law by the arbitrators. The author is seeking to answer this question by comparing the the Czech, or rather Continental system of law with the law of England and Wales.

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