National Repository of Grey Literature 7 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Selected aspects of tourism and sustainable development in Šumava National Park and the Podyjí National Park from the perspective of three groups of respondents
Staňková, Jindřiška ; Čihař, Martin (advisor) ; Plesník, Jan (referee) ; Třebický, Viktor (referee)
Doyouknil anyŤ€c|ffc gco|ogia|prcb|em|n he PodyllNP? 100% 8cÁ 6ďÁ 4& 2W 0% Graph 5 5. Conclusions Acgording to all and completeresults of the study it can be statedthat both national parks differed due to the character of tourism in their territory. Long-term and repeatedvisits prevailed in the SumavaNP in bothyears,while first-timevisitors óoming for onó day werein absolutemajority in the Podyji NP. The intansity of tourism was recognized as disturbing factormainly for locals in the sumavaNP in bothyears,andsomenegativevoices wereheard within locals in the Podyji NP in comparisonwith opinion of tourists.The numbersof tourists were perceived as increasing by respondentsfrom the sumava Np in both observedyears. That is why the carrying capacity should be studiedin botlt territoriesto avoid any negative impacts' More statistically approveddifferenceswerefoundbetweenopinions oflocals in the sumava NP and locals in the Podyji NP than within two observationsin the SumavaNp. It wasconfirmed, thatlocals in bothterritorieswerenotemployedor werenot toomuchrunning their business in tourism and tourist services, and locals were not directly involved in sustainabledevelopmentof theterritories.The lasthypothesisonrelationof locals towardsthe territoriesalso cannotbe rejected.More negativeattitudesof locals...
Census of the Feral Pigeon (Columba livia f. domestica) Population in the Selected Localities and Flying Corridor of the Radlické Valley in Prague
Štěpán, Jiří ; Řezníček, Jan (advisor) ; Plesník, Jan (referee)
Census of the feral pigeon (Columba livia f. domestica) population in the selected localities and flying through the corridor of the Radlické valley in Prague. The diploma thesis is dealing with the research of the number of the pigeons (Columba livia f. domestica) flying through the corridor of the Radlické údolí, with the exploration of the next pigeons' flying routes, with inventorying of the number of pigeons in the localities Smíchovské nádraží and Na Knížecí and with dependece of the number of pigeons on the abiotical conditions, season, day time and the time of the spring seeding and harvest. The food ecology of pigeons was also investigated within the process of inventorying in the locality Na Knížecí. The final chapter is focused on coloring of the individuals in the different Prague localities. The research was realised from July 2012 to November 2013. The folowing methods of research were used: observation, marking with the wing tapes, modified linear method of addition. The results of the diploma thesis indicate that number of pigeons in the observed localities change especially in the time of seeding and harvest. Numerical fluctuations are not so extreme because the group of the resident pigeons always stays in the city. The spectrum of the food offered by local inhabitants doesn't...
Sustainable tourism in selected protected areas in the Czech Republic
Görner, Tomáš ; Čihař, Martin (advisor) ; Fialová, Dana (referee) ; Plesník, Jan (referee)
The designation of protected areas is currently the most widely adopted means of conserving natural ecosystems. Whilst the conservation of nature is the primary concern in protected areas, it is also recognized that meeting the needs and priorities of participants (e. g. local residents, visitors) is vital to the long-term survival of such areas. Studies dealing with attitudes of participants may improve protected area management, and help to identify the problems in the area. The Ph.D. thesis "Sustainable tourism in selected protected areas in the Czech Republic" was carried out in Krkonose National Park (KPNAP), Sumava National Park (NP) and Protected Landscape Area (PLA) in the Czech Republic and in Karkonoski Park Narodowy (KPN) in Poland. Many socioenvironmental research studies have been done focusing on the problems of tourism in these areas. The results of these studies could be affected by the timing and location of the survey. The main objective of the research is to compare characteristics and attitudes of visitors and local people in protected areas in different seasons (winter and summer) and in different types of protected areas (national parks and protected landscape area). The first part of the results finds the differences between perceptions and attitudes of visitors of the...
Development in damage caused by conflict specially protected wild animal species in the Czech Republic
Konečná, Ludmila ; Plesník, Jan (advisor) ; Čech, Martin (referee)
The submitted M.Sc. thesis describes development in populations of the bird and mammalian species, having been involved in human - wildlife conflicts, particularly of the specially protected species, in the Czech Republic as well as in compensation payments for damages caused on private properties by the selected specially protected wild animal species. At the same time, it compares various tools, applied to solve human - willdife conflicts in the different parts of the world. The study presents information provided by governmental authorities or gained from grey literature, expert databases and scientific papers. Trends both in the development in conflict species populations and in compensation payments were assessed and the relationship between both variables was found. In total, payments for damages caused by conflict wild animal species has been increasing in the Czech Republic since 2000, but trends in the conflict species populations differ from each other, influenced particularly by their bionomics. The analysis performed shows, that the act on the topic is effective only for some of the above wild animal species. For large carnivores, namely the Grey Wolf (Canis lupus), Eurasian Lynx (Lynx lynx) and Brown Bear (Ursus arctos), the above tool does not provide suitable solutions for their...
Material flow indicators for the Czech republic: trends, decoupling analysis and uncertainties
Kovanda, Jan ; Moldan, Bedřich (advisor) ; Plesník, Jan (referee) ; Šauer, Petr (referee)
11 Abstract In order for an economic system to function and produce goods and services necessary for meeting human needs, it behaves similarly to a living organism. It absorbs materials from the surrounding environment and transforms them into products, but ultimately all the materials are transformed into some kind of waste and emitted back into the environment. This flow of materials is referred to as industrial or socio-economic metabolism (Baccini and Brunner, 1991; Fischer-Kowalski and Haberl, 1993; Ayres and Simonis, 1994). Extraction of resources, consumption of materials and related emissions exert some pressure on the environment. So far, there has been a positive relation between meeting human needs and this pressure. The overall goal of developed countries within their strategies of sustainable development is to break the relation between pressure exerted on the environment and economic growth, which represents meeting of human needs and improvements in the standard of living. This phenomenon is called decoupling (EC, 2002, 2005, 2006; OECD, 2002; UN, 2002). One of the methods for assessing environmental pressure related to extraction and consumption of resources and materials is material flow analysis. In the case of economy- wide material flow analysis (EW-MFA), this method aims at...

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1 Plesník, Jiří
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