National Repository of Grey Literature 106 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
International environmental cooperation in the fields of ozone depletion and plastic pollution in the sea
Janečka, Michal ; Karlas, Jan (advisor) ; Plechanovová, Běla (referee)
The thesis examines the nature of the international environmental cooperation in the regime of the ozone depletion and plastic pollution is the sea. While the international community has been able to attain a strong protection framework within a several years and currently the ozone regime constitutes an example among environmental regimes, the plastic pollution regime as a present and increasingly threatening issue to the environment encounters with an inability to find an effective solution and the international cooperation fails. The aim of the work is to put forward the main differences between the regimes and provide an explanation of the different strength within the international environmental cooperation. For this purpose, the paper initially performs the analysis of the main international contracts based on the several indicators in both regimes. Subsequently, applying the factor in the form of the interest and support of the industry and public, it identifies main aspects possessing the ability to influence the negotiation process and the resulting cooperation. Concurrently, in order to attain the necessary findings, the empirical part is placed under the theoretical framework of the Putnam's two-level game. As the thesis concludes, the established factor-based variables lead to the...
International arms trade: U.S., Sweden and Russia
Štrbák, Marek ; Kopečný, Tomáš (advisor) ; Plechanovová, Běla (referee)
This thesis deals with the topic of international arms trade. More particularly, it deals with the arms trade in three chosen countries - the United States, Sweden and Russia. In general, this work brings coherent data and analyzes the arms trade issue, especially in the countries chosen for this academic work. The aim is to present arms trade problematics of these three countries to the reader as well as to bring the valuable analyzes on the chosen topic and finally to compare the case countries in order to find the differences and common characteristics. The main goal of this thesis is to find the answers on the research questions. The two most important research questions are: What are the current trends and future of the international arms trade in the U.S., Sweden and Russia? How does the arms trade differ in these countries? The first research question is focused on present and future development of arms trade, on the other hand second one gives partially comparative nature to the thesis. The thesis is based on comparative case study method. Through the deep examination of this three case countries the work comes to the answers designed in the research questions. Thesis concludes the raising importance of the arms trade as the instrument of influence. In addition, growing of volume of arms...
Feminicidio as an alarming problem of Mexican society: Process tracing of two selected cases
Kunická, Tereza ; Plechanovová, Běla (advisor) ; Krausz Hladká, Malvína (referee)
Gender violence in Mexico is a problem that affects its society on a long- term basis. Its most extreme form known as feminicide, that is a gender- based murder of women, appears with so much frequency that it can be considered a structural problem yet. Mexico is one of the countries with most cases in Latin America, however, insufficient and ineffective measures taken by the state facilitate their perpetration which is often immune from prosecution. This thesis aims to approximate the issue to the reader and explain the concept of feminicide in given context within its complexity. For that purpose, a process tracing analysis of two selected cases is done; starting from their perpetration to their sentencing by judicial instances. The sentences of both cases became very important milestones. The factors that contributed to the outcome are tracked and afterwards a comparison of tracked causal mechanisms is done. As it was already mentioned, the cases were not selected randomly. Not only are they important for their sentences, but moreover they took place in two Mexican states with traditionally high numbers of committed feminicides, that is in Chihuahua and Mexico State. The results of the analysis suggest that even though Mexico has signed the most important international conventions about women's...
Comparison of EU's and ASEAN's counterterrorism efforts
Massita, Natalia ; Bureš, Oldřich (advisor) ; Plechanovová, Běla (referee)
In the past decade, the political world has seen a shift on the global institutions strategies on the fight against terrorism. The aftermath of the 9/11 launched an unprecedented fear over terrorist organizations and demanded immediate actions from global leaders. In this scenario, the cooperation among global institutions became necessary in order to formulate political strategies for counter-terrorism actions. Therefore, this research explores how the EU and ASEAN formulate their policies in the fight against terrorism with a main focus on the comparative analysis between these two organizations. The thesis will aim to analyze the legal and the organizational structure in order to understand the main gaps and the developments that EU and ASEAN acquired by their counter-terrorism measures. Structurally, first some historical background on terrorism and on the agenda of the institutions will be provided in order to give some basic knowledge on the matter. Second, the author will describe the efforts fulfilled by the counter-terrorism agenda and finally, a comparative analysis will be conducted for a broader understanding of the policies to fight terrorist groups.
Transformation of the British-American "Special Relationship". Since the Government of John Major until Theresa May
Kochová, Nicole ; Soukup, Jaromír (advisor) ; Plechanovová, Běla (referee)
The aim of the master thesis is to deal with the specific bond between the USA and the Great Britain - by Winston Churchill defined as a special relationship - which connects the both countries based on their common history, language and culture or on their common threat. The special bond then further leads and helps to close cooperation and support in between the USA and the Great Britain. The era the thesis is concerned with begins at the very end of the Cold War when the common enemy was defeated and it was claimed that the special relationship is supposed to vanish as well. It then ends with the term of David Cameron who was later succeeded by Theresa May. The work further focuses on the three significant British premiers - John Major, Tony Blair and David Cameron and the description of their attitude to the relationship with European Union and more importantly to the USA, as the references about the special relationship appear further in their speeches. The subject of my analysis are the speeches of individual statesmen and the fact how exactly they perceive the Great Britain in the international system. Whether the Great Britain should accept its role in the European Union or rather deepen its bond with the USA on the contrary.
Effects of the Brexit referendum on the Common Security and Defence policy
Schlecht, Niclas ; Kazharski, Aliaksei (advisor) ; Plechanovová, Běla (referee) ; Střítecký, Vít (referee)
in English The Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) epitomizes the EU's aspirations to be a key actor in global security. With the Brexit the CSDP looses its biggest military power and one of its major payers. This thesis assesses how the EU dealed with the Brexit referendum and how the CSDP developed. It provides evaluation of the CSDP- related policies and asses the degree to which new developments can be traced back to the Brexit referendum and how they are infected by domestic constituencies in the EU Member States. The thesis shows that the exit of the UK gave the CSDP new possibilities to develop, that were not fully used due to domestic constraints of EU Member States.
Comparison of EU's and ASEAN's counterterrorism efforts
Massita, Natalia ; Bureš, Oldřich (advisor) ; Plechanovová, Běla (referee)
In the past decade, the political world has seen a shift on the global institutions strategies on the fight against terrorism. The aftermath of the 9/11 launched an unprecedented fear over terrorist organizations and demanded immediate actions from global leaders. In this scenario, the cooperation among global institutions became necessary in order to formulate political strategies for counter-terrorism actions. Therefore, this research explores how the EU and ASEAN formulate their policies in the fight against terrorism with a main focus on the comparative analysis between these two organizations. The thesis will aim to analyze the legal and the organizational structure in order to understand the main gaps and the developments that EU and ASEAN acquired by their counter-terrorism measures. Structurally, first some historical background on terrorism and on the agenda of the institutions will be provided in order to give some basic knowledge on the matter. Second, the author will describe the efforts fulfilled by the counter-terrorism agenda and finally, a comparative analysis will be conducted for a broader understanding of the policies to fight terrorist groups.
Corporate social responsibility, its role in the framework of sustainable development
Baborová, Lucie ; Kučerová, Irah (advisor) ; Plechanovová, Běla (referee)
The growing pressure on pursuing the 2030 Agenda and focus on meeting the SDGs within partnership of all actors is putting Transnational corporations (TNCs) to a new role - a role of stronger power, but also wider responsibility. At the same time the global civil society is keeping an eye on big companies even where they may try to hide. Developing countries are still vulnerable to misbehavior and unfair treatment while with their natural resources they are the birth place of most of the consumers' worlds' products. At the same time they are the place where the need for sustainable development is most pressing. The concept of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a tool which is growing on popularity a it offers a new approach of a more thoughtful behavior with a potential of moving towards sustainable development. This thesis was a research on this potential or maybe with time more and more obvious connection of the concepts of CSR and sustainable development (SD). It also reveals the growing role and need for participation of the private sector. CSR offers a way to participate for sustainable development in manner which create a win-win situation for both private sector and their stakeholders. However there is the dangerous of not using this tool in a mutual beneficial way. Companies often use...
The Republic of Cyprus as a specific member of the European Union
Tupá, Markéta ; Kučerová, Irah (advisor) ; Plechanovová, Běla (referee)
The aim of this diploma thesis is to characterize the most important specifics of the Cyprusʹ membership in the European union and to describe the influence of these specifics on the relationship of Cyprus and EU or the relationship of Cyprus or EU to other states. The most important specifics are related to the so called "cyprus problem" because the island has been divided into Greek and Turkish part since 1964. The whole island is reprezented by the Greek Cypriots only and acquis communautaire is exercised only the Greek part. This work deals first with relations between the Republic of Cyprus, Turkey and the European Union. The next chapter deals with the Cyprus problem, the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and the role of the European Union in the solving of the Cyprus problem. The last chapter examines the relationship between Cyprus and Russia and the influence of this relationship on the relationship between Cyprus and the EU.
Attitudes to the UK membership in the European Union (1993-2016)
Vavrušková, Barbora ; Soukup, Jaromír (advisor) ; Plechanovová, Běla (referee)
The aim of master's thesis "Attitudes to the UK membership in the European Union (1993- 2016)" is to analyse the individual theoretical and political attitudes towards the UK membership in the European Union. In particular, the thesis focuses on the period after the adoption of the Maastricht Treaty in 1993, during the governments of Conservative Prime Minister John Major (1990-1997), Labour Prime Minister Tony Blair (1997-2005) and Conservative Prime Minister David Cameron (2010-2016), who called a referendum on "Brexit" in 2016. Since the beginning of its membership in the EU, the United Kingdom has been more inclined towards an intergovernmental approach and worried about the delegation of power to supranational authorities as well as federalist tendencies. Due to the large number of approaches and theories related to the European integration, the thesis will focus in detail on federalism theory, to which the United Kingdom has always strongly defined itself, contrary to the model of multilevel governance that characterizes the current political system in Britain. In the past, the British political system was based on the so-called Westminster model, however, since the 1980s it has gradually transformed into a model of multilevel governance. The core of the thesis is to classify the relations...

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