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Lateran Treaty in the Mirror of Czechoslovak Diplomatic Correspondence
Jireš, Pavel ; Šmíd, Marek (advisor) ; Petráček, Tomáš (referee)
The bachelor thesis will be aimed to the reflection of the diplomatic contacts between the Vatican and fascist Italy in the second half of 1920s. These contacts led both states to signing the Lateran treaty in February 1929. The Lateran treaty was made of the system of smaller covenants that held international, concorde and financial agreements. It will like to pursue the analysis of their negotiations, acceptance and application in Italy where the Lateran treaty by its content made the future way of the relationship between the Catholic church and fascist Italy goverment. Short after its public declaration and ratification the Catholic church begun to open to the world again and the Pope stopped proclaiming himself as a prisoner. The popes kept saying that since Rome was sacked and taken by the army of Victor Emanuel I. On the other hand the relationship beetween the Pope and Benito Mussolini stayed, or as the matter of fact between the Vatican and Italy, pretty low because the treaty did not solve everything. The reflection will mostly follow the messages of the Czechoslovak diplomatic ambassador Vladimír Radimský who wrote in his diplomatic lists to Prague his opinions about the Lateran treaty. These diplomatic list will create the very heart of the bachelor thesis.
The Principles of the Interfaith Dialog in Standpoint of Husite Theology
Procházka, Tomáš ; Kučera, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Hošek, Pavel (referee) ; Petráček, Tomáš (referee)
This thesis focuses on the concept of interreligious dialogue from the perspective of Husite theology, maps the contemporary texts of the theologians of the Czechoslovak Church on the topic of non- Christian religions and the practical involvement of this church and its theological faculty in dialogical structures. Represents associations and movements engaged in interreligious dialogue in the Czech Republic. The probe into the theory and practice of interreligious dialogue worldwide and the review of authors dealing with, captures the expert reflection of the subject. The reflection of Husite theology emphasizes the key non-substantial concept of human personality and Christian dogma for the interreligious dialogue. The results of this reflection are formulated in five principles that may help overcome the contradiction between indifferent religious pluralism and apriori claim to the truth by revealing the existential nature of interreligious dialogue as opposed to substantive dogmatics, giving an occasion for discussion of the elementary nature of religion.
Metodej Haban, Silvestr Braito and Dominican Order in Czechoslovakia 1918 - 1948
Macek, Petr ; Petráček, Tomáš (advisor) ; Šmíd, Marek (referee) ; Hanuš, Jiří (referee)
Metoděj Habáň (1899-1984): A Probe into the History of Czech Neothomism Abstract The thesis is focused on the depiction of the life and work of Metoděj Habáň (1899-1984), Czech Dominican priest and philosopher. It follows two main goals: First, it strives to present accurate reconstruction of Habáň's life and his involvement in the Czech Church and society. Secondly, it presents Metoděj Habáň's thinking as a specific type of Thomism and analyse his work in the context of the paradigmatic changes, which the Church and society went throught in the 20th century. The thesis is therefore divided into two main parts - first is focused on Habáň's life, second on his work. In the first chapter it present main sources of inspiration for his work and thinking. In the following chapters it describes his life journey, beginning with his studies and spiritual formation within the Dominican order. It continues with his role in the inner life of the order in the position of Novice Master and Prior Provincial (1938-1942). Attention is also paid to his involvement in the public life of the interwar society. In the period after the second world war we follow Metoděj Habáň to Litoměřice, a town in northwest Bohemia and we describe his imprisonment in the 1950s and subsequently his involvement in public life in the 1960s. His...
Prague between Vienna and Rome. Salt treaty and the cassa salis administration in the years 1630-1782
Honč, Petr ; Petráček, Tomáš (advisor) ; Maur, Eduard (referee) ; Mikulec, Jiří (referee)
1 This thesis is concerned with the post-White Mountain negotiations on ecclesiastical property, establishment of the concordat agreement (often referred to as the Salt Treaty) and the cassa salis administration between 1630 and 1782. It explains the main mechanisms of the ecclesiastical salt treasury, comments on the yields from the salt tax and various points where these resources were spent. The main intent was establishment of four new bishoprics in Bohemia, which was only partly achieved in the 17th century. At the end of the 17th century, the effort to reconstruct the parish network led to establishment of a separate treasure, the so-called cassa parochorum. Throughout the period, the papal curia feared that the Prague archbishops might manage the salt treasury independently. In the end, dissatisfaction with its management led to stricter supervision by the apostolic nuncios and visitations to cassa salis in 1710. Particular attention is paid to the repeated violations of the concordat agreement during the 18th century, in which the authority of the Kingdom tried to deprive the Holy See of the right to distribute funds from the salt treasury. This process was concluded by its fusion with the Kingdom's religious fund during the reign of Emperor Josef II.
Parish chronicles as a source of religious and social history using the example of commemorative books of parishes in the Velke Mezirici deanery.
Mrňa, Jaroslav ; Petráček, Tomáš (advisor) ; Ryantová, Marie (referee) ; Novotný, Miroslav (referee)
PhDr. Jaroslav Mrňa Církevní a obecné dějiny 19. a 20. století Název disertační práce v anglickém jazyce: Parish chronicles as a source of religious and social history using the example of commemorative books of parishes in the deanery of Velke Mezirici. Abstrakt v anglickém jazyce: The parish chronicles in themself conceal next to unique link of the thoughts and activities of parish administrators, the administrative office of the authority given to them, also conceal valuable data from the life story of the parish itself. The dissertation thesis Parish chronicles as a source of religious and social history using the example of commemorative books of parishes in the deanery of Velke Mezirici deals with the problems of the existence of parish chronicles and their use of the modern historical work in the field of religious and social history. For the presentation of the testifying value of the source, of commemorative books of parishes in the deanery of Velke Mezirici were selected. After introductory criticism of sources and literature is followed a chapter dedicated to the view of the Christian perception of the history, the development of chronicles in the individual historical periods and the evaluation of the parish chronicle as a commemorative or office book, an artwork. It is followed by a section...
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Hák, Josef ; Petráček, Tomáš (advisor) ; Šmíd, Marek (referee)
P. Angelik František Fišer (1926-1983) is not well known but impressive person of czech catholic church. This priest, dominican, writer and biblicist bravely devoted himself to pastoral activity especially among tramps despite communist persecution and his poor health. He replaced many professions. He worked as a forest worker, archivist or innkeeper. He was sentenced to 18 months in prison for a "abolition of the state supervision over churches". After leaving into disability pension he devoted himself to literary activities and participated in the ecumenical translation of the Bible, especially the Psalms. He was also interested in history. In the nineties, his work about Karlštejn castle was published. He did not have the end of totalitarianism, died on 1 February 1983 at the hospital in Varnsdorf. This work, based on available sources, maps his rich life. Keywords: František Fišer, Štěpán Trochta, tramps, persecution, communism
Parish history in Ústí nad Orlicí and the Roman Catholic Church Czechoslovakia in years 1927-1963
Sklenář, Michal ; Pullmann, Michal (advisor) ; Šebek, Jaroslav (referee) ; Petráček, Tomáš (referee)
The dissertation shows one of the possible portraits of the history of the Roman Catholic Church in Czechoslovakia between the years 1927-1963. On the example of Václav Boštík (1897-1963), the dean in Ústí nad Orlicí between the years 1934-1942 and 1945-1961, the thesis focuses on continuities and discontinuities in the history of the local Roman Catholic parish. The presented analysis combines the socio-historical, microhistorical and biographical approach, by means of which it shows pastoral and other strategies of dean Václav Boštík - an ecclesiastical administrator and statutory representative - in various situations during the first two-thirds of the twentieth century. Local events are interconnected with the context of Czech ecclesiastical history at the statewide and diocesan level as well as with a broker context of Church history. Key words 20th century, the Roman Catholic Church, Czechoslowakia, communism, Ústí nad Orlicí, Václav Boštík (1897-1963)
The pilgrimage church of St. Jan Nepomucký on the Zelená hora in the Žďár nad Sázavou in historical connections
Schlosser, Martin ; Kubín, Petr (advisor) ; Petráček, Tomáš (referee)
This bachelor thesis presents the church of St. Jan Nepomucký on the Zelená hora in the Žďár nad Sázavou in historical connections. The work treats activities of Cistercian order in Žďár, particularly the ones of the abbot Vejmluva, his collaboration with the architect Jan Blažej Santini and events, which influenced the very building and a life of peoples as well. Another mentioned personality is P. Matěj Josef Sychra, a priest and revivalist, whose life was connected with the monument. A part of the work deals with a treating of relevant and so far not published materials dating back from 1945 to the turn of the century and relating to problems of a cemetery established at the back of a cloister of the church. Very interesting stimulations were provided by an archive of Church Department of the ONV, where there are recorded courses of the St. John's fairs through a view of a state power of that time.
ThDr. František Reyl - Priest, Politician, Scientist
Havel, Matěj Ondřej ; Petráček, Tomáš (advisor) ; Marek, Pavel (referee) ; Šmíd, Marek (referee)
The dissertation thesis deals with the life of the catholic priest, scientist in a discipline of the Christian sociology and a politics ThDr. Francis Reyl (1865-1935). Life stories, important positions which he held, his work and events that touched him, are presented in chronological order, as they occupied Reyl's life. The first part briefly outlines the historical situation of the Catholic Church in the Czech Republic and in Europe at the time of Reyl's life in the 19th and 20th centuries. The following section describes his fates from childhood through secondary school studies (including a stay in a church students' seminary Borromaeum) and the priests' seminary formation up to his ordination. The third part deals with Reyl's activities in the 19th and 20th centuries, when he was a director of the students' seminar Borromaeum and rector of the priests' seminary. In addition, he had published a lot and devoted himself to public life and established policy, which is included in this thesis also. The fourth and last part focuses on Reyl's fates and work during The First Czechoslovak Republic, when he was a senator in the National Assembly of the Czechoslovak Republic and devoted himself mainly to politics. The thesis is accompanied by a picture attachment and stenographic recordings of his speeches in the...
The Syllabus Errorum and Selected Documents of the Second Vatican Council
Lejsal, Tomáš ; Petráček, Tomáš (advisor) ; Šmíd, Marek (referee)
The Syllabus Errorum and Selected Documents of the Second Vatican Council The central part of the thesis is a comparison of the document Syllabus Errorum and the documents of the Second Vatican Council. This is preceded by a first section with a comparison of the periods and circumstances in which the two documents came into being. In the following section I provide a summary of the selected literature on this theme. The comparison of the two documents proper, divided up according to logical connections, forms the main section. In the final section I reflect on the general principles and consequences arising out of the preceding comparison and I summarise the conclusions I have come to and look to see how they are reflected in current developments.

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