National Repository of Grey Literature 129 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
G. Lipovetsky: The Painless Ethics
Zavadilová, Tereza ; Jirsa, Jakub (advisor) ; Petříček, Miroslav (referee)
The bachelor thesis follows and critically interprets the proposition about the development of ethics and morality in Le Crépuscule du devoir by Gilles Lipovetsky on the specific examples of the approaches towards ethics that are noted by author himself. The thesis clarifies in which cases is his philosophical and sociological diagnosis, analysis and prediction justified and where it is on the contrary problematic and why. His general proposition is that contemporary moral "boom" is actually a "shock" and not only a "comeback" or a "revitalization" of the traditional morality. According to him, it would be no exaggeration to say that contemporary morality is definitely leaving the traditional one behind. The ambition of the thesis is to understand previous periods of ethical thought, defined by Lipovetsky as religious and lay ethics, and also to clarify the character and typical manifestations of his "postmoral ethics of the third type" with neither religious nor lay basis in form of duty. The thesis analyses the tension and inner discrepancies of that "painless" ethics stated by Lipovetsky. The aim is also to justify the "applied ethics of responsibility" formulated by Lipovetsky, which is to be set in the period of "the twilight of duty".
Commento sopra una canzone d'amore in Context of Its Time
Herůfek, Jan ; Pelán, Jiří (advisor) ; Petříček, Miroslav (referee) ; Žáčková, Magdalena (referee)
The doctoral thesis Commento sopra una canzone dʼamore in the Context of Its Times, divided into four chapters, focuses on an analysis of the concept of love as perceived by the Italian humanist G. Pico della Mirandola (1463-1494). As Giovanni Pico was an author who lived and worked in the Italian Quattrocento, in the first chapter ("Italian Humanist Giovanni Pico: Portrait Attempt") the attention is focused on the concept of studia humanitatis. His relation to the study of classical languages (Greek and Latin), rhetoric, philosophy and theology is examined in the first part ("Pico between Rhetoric and Philosophy"). Here we deal with the question whether Pico like other Italian humanists adopted the contemporary phenomenon, i. e. the discovery of sources of ancient wisdom (ad fontes). And thus Pico can be grouped with intellectuals of the type of M. Ficino and A. Poliziano, who set themselves the task of creating critical editions of philosophical texts, or, rather, whether Pico used humanist tools (especially rhetoric) to introduce his humanistic philosophical-theological concept. Pico seems to have selected the latter option and he systematically presented his humanistic conception in his works dating from 1486 to 1489 (e.g. Oratio 1486, Conclusiones 1486, Apologia 1487 and Heptaplus 1489). The...
Coincidence as the animator of the indenpendent Czech art of the 1960s
Kulová, Eva ; Wittlich, Petr (advisor) ; Petříček, Miroslav (referee) ; Konečný, Lubomír (referee)
Coincidence as the animator of the independent Czech art of the 1960s We are currently progressing to viewing coincidence as a phenomenon. While coincidence cannot be explained, it needs to be understood. It may be an important program principle of the universe, where coincidence may give life and matters a different direction, and it is undoubtedly part of all of our creative and resourceful efforts. Therefore, we treasure coincidence and in art, we even intentionally call for it frequently. Naturally, the history of art gives us many examples, where coincidence helped an artist to revive their imagination and strengthened their ability to improvise. Dealing with coincidence and activating coincidence intentionally or unintentionally have always been one of the most tantalising moments of many creative endeavours. It is interesting to observe how the role of coincidence and its impact in art, as well as in a human life intermittently diminishes only to resurface again as if in connection with measuring the powers of the acting individual and the current being. It is exciting to follow the complex movement of coincidence in the wide field of potential meanings and understanding, somewhere between Freedom, Necessity, Fate, Fortune, Higher Power or perhaps Providence, and examine the complexity of...
Normalized social distance
Šlerka, Josef ; Souček, Jiří (advisor) ; Petříček, Miroslav (referee) ; Macek, Jakub (referee)
This dissertation thesis deals with the application of the concept of information distance to the social network data analysis. We consider this data as recorded acts of social action. As such, they express certain attitudes, values and intentions. We introduce a formula for calculating the Normalized Social Distance and, based on the series of case studies, we prove the usefulness and validity of this approach. The application of formal mathematical and computer science techniques to massive data records of human action in social network environments is enabled by the change brought by new media and the associated technological advancement. This change is accompanied by a gradual transition of research methods in the humanities, referred to as the onset of digital humanities. This approach is characterized by the application of quantitative methods in the field of humanities and the discovery of new data areas useful for analyses. In case of social media data, the differentiation between quantitative and qualitative methods is no longer valid. A good example is also this thesis, in which information theory specifically combines the methods of a traditional social network analysis and the Goffman's frame analysis of human action. Keywords Information distance, Normalized Social Distance, Kolmogorov...
Memory and Time in Augustine's Confessiones and in Proust's A la Recherche du Temps Perdu
Roreitnerová, Alena ; Karfíková, Lenka (advisor) ; Petříček, Miroslav (referee) ; Pokorný, Martin (referee)
This presented paper is a parallel reading of two works which both connect a philosophical perception of time and memory with an actual narration. The first is one of the earliest spiritual autobiographies of late antiquity - Confessions - and the second is a modern novel - In Search of Lost Time. A distinctive (originally Neoplatonic) understanding of eternity as simultaneity opens a line of questioning which both Confessions and In Search of Lost Time have in common: What is the relation between time and eternity (extra-temporality in Proust's case) and is it possible at all for a time being to have a relation to something what is eternal? In both works, the mediating role between time succession and timeless simultaneity is played by narration and memory. Part I of the paper (Chapter 1) deals with Augustine's understanding of time which can be found not only in Book XI of Confessions but also throughout the whole work including its narrative passages; it also partly takes into consideration Book VI of De musica. It tries to answer a more general question, i.e. whether Augustine in his autobiography concentrates only on subjective time or whether he is interested in time as such (in contrast to eternity). The answer is intended to be found through the analysis of questions the author of...
The Ontological Mystery in Gabriel Marcel's Philosophy
Zeman, Daniel ; Petříček, Miroslav (advisor) ; Čapek, Jakub (referee)
The purpose of the thesis is to explain the most significant points in Gabriel Marcel's thinking, which means his idea of "concrete philosophy", distinction between problematic and meta-problematic (mystery), the ontological need and the existential notion of hope. It should be indicated at least that it is necessary to understand Marcel's accounts as primarily philosophical, not theological, even though he is numbered among french Christian thinkers. The thesis proceeds from several diverse writings, because of Marcel's essayistic rather than systematic style, though mainly from his most coherent publication called Le Mystère de l'Être.
... and Woman Does Not Exist. Considering Woman's Subjectivity and Facticity in Simone de Beauvoir's The Second Sex
Zittová, Kristýna Sára ; Kouba, Petr (advisor) ; Petříček, Miroslav (referee)
(in English) How can we explain political oppression if we claim ourselves to be metaphysically free subjects? As a basis of The Second Sex, the question is there analyzed in its specific case - a woman. According to Beauvoir, woman has been expelled to an immanent domain, surrounded by the shared world, foreign to her in its absolute giveness. Yet at the same time, she claims just as Sartre does that freedom, transcendence, and the world are inseparable parts of the structure of a subject. Can these claims be truly brought together? In most cases, interpretations of The Second Sex turn to one and omit the other. Contrariwise, the aim of this thesis is to preserve both, and in the light of Being and Nothingness explain them as parts of one structure. I demonstrate that ontologically, woman and man are transcending, free subjects. Man chooses his own fundamental project for himself, and with this choice the world appears in its meaning - as his own. Man can thus choose from his possibilities either authentically, or run from his condemnation to freedom towards insecurity. For woman, her fundamental project is chosen by others and she only accepts it - and with it, a foreign world which belongs to men appears to her. Therefore, she factically remains in her immanent domain of womanhood. Her situation...
Close Truth of Distant Metaphors: How Metaphors Create the World
Picková, Kateřina ; Thein, Karel (advisor) ; Petříček, Miroslav (referee)
The thesis deals with a metaphor and its place in philosophy. It engages in a concept of metaphor as a transference with a help of Aristotle, Nietzsche, Ricoeur, and others, and explores consequences which follow from such a concept in the perspective of truth conditions. Firstly, it focuses on an exploration of a nature of the metaphor with a relation to an earlier philosophical tradition. Secondly, it examines categories of similarity, reference and imagination as fundamental constituents of metaphorical utterances. Furthermore, it also re-evaluates the distinction between literal and figurative meaning and living and dead metaphors to uncover the metaphor as a creative principle of language, which is characteristic by its actualizing and approaching power.
Space Reinhabited: Conception of Space in Martin Heidegger's Work and His Influence on the Theory of Architecture in the 2nd Half of the 20th Century
Holeček, Josef ; Švec, Ondřej (advisor) ; Petříček, Miroslav (referee)
5 Abstract This bachelor's thesis attempts to compare and explain the different concepts of spatiality in Martin Heidegger's work. Following Heidegger's 1969 seminar in Le Thor, this thesis builds on his retrospective division of his work, centred around being. First, he askes about the meaning, then about the truth and finally about the place of being. In this thesis, the comparison of different approaches to spatiality in different periods of Heidegger's life is emphasized as well as his rejection of the previous Newtonian, Galilean and Cartesian approaches. This rejection is gradually taking place since Being and Time and it is clear that Heidegger's concept of spatiality is fairly consistent, despite the changing terminology. It is also pointed out that his phenomenological approach is ground-breaking in some respects, mainly because of the expressions and terms he uses in his language. This means that his approach is almost unparalleled as far western physics and metaphysics are concerned, making Heidegger more influential even outside the field of philosophy, as is demonstrated by the architectural theory in which his concept of spatiality is still visible today. Keywords: Heidegger, world, space, spatiality, being-in-the-world, place, fourfold, region, Ortschaft, topology, language, architecture,...
Art and Knowledge. Research of Relationship between Art and Knowledge and its Contribution to Theory of Contemporary Visual Art
Řebíková, Barbora ; Zuska, Vlastimil (advisor) ; Petříček, Miroslav (referee) ; Koleček, Michal (referee)
Mgr. Barbora Řebíková, Katedra estetiky, FF UK, Praha Art and Knowledge. Research of Relationship between Art and Knowledge and its Contribution to Theory of Contemporary Visual Art Abstract: The dissertation deals with the relationship between art and knowledge and examines which contribution this thematic might have to the theory of contemporary visual art. The choice of the theme is based on the sensitivity to the current events in the world of art, where this relationship is the main object of interest. This work presents and illustrates the turnovers in the contemporary art world and how the role of the audience is emphasized. It deals with the form of contemporary art that has led to these turnovers and represents factors that have influenced this form. In the work there are presented mainly the factors influencing the form of contemporary art, which influenced the demands on the audience. Attention is then devoted to the philosophical origins of the studied relationship and in the essay there are presented the basics of its exploration at Plato and Aristotle. The main theoretical centre of the studied relationship, however, is aesthetic cognitivism, which is thoroughly presented in the work. However, within this theory, which explicitly focuses on the relationship of art and cognition, is not found...

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