National Repository of Grey Literature 171 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The formation and collapse of the electoral coalition of the Christian-Democrats and the Mayors
Šilar, Adam ; Perottino, Michel (advisor) ; Brunclík, Miloš (referee)
This thesis analysis and discuss reasons of the formation and collapse of the electoral coalition Lidovci a Starostové which was formed between KDU-ČSL (Christian and Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People's Party) and STAN (Mayors and Independents) as the electoral coalition for Czech legislative election in 2017 but it collapsed prior election. This thesis use analysis of Czech party and electoral systems based on existing theories to find out reasons of the formation and collapse of the coalition. It focus on specifics of both parties as well - history, ideology and organization structure, which may help to explain the aim of the work. Results of research showed that parties were motivated to form the coalition by the possibility of getting more seats in the Chamber of Deputies because of the advantage of electoral system, by possibility to get more votes because of the synergy effect of the coalition and because previous successful cooperation. Slow decision making system of the KDU-ČSL caused by the size of membership base complicated process of the formation of the electoral coalition which was already in time pressure. Collapse of the coalition was caused by high electoral threshold combined with negative results of opinion polls. Key words: electoral coalition, KDU-ČSL, STAN, Lidovci a...
French party system changes following the 2017 elections
Maťha, Filip ; Brunclík, Miloš (advisor) ; Perottino, Michel (referee)
The thesis deals with the changes in the party system of France. The fundamental change in French politics came after the presidential and subsequent parliamentary elections in 2017. The main aim of the thesis is to analyze the French party system, its changes and its development. The intention is to give readers insight into French politics and the features that have appeared in it since 1958. An important constitutional arrangement affecting French policy was the shortening of the President's term of office from 7 to 5 years and the associated unification of the presidential and parliamentary elections in the same year. The first part of the thesis is focused on classical political science theories connected with the party system. It will also offer a closer look at the institutional patterns of France and their development. In a separate chapter, we will deal with the electoral system as a substantial variable affecting electoral inputs and outputs. The second part brings an analysis of the party system, using an effective number of political parties and other supporting indicators.
Position and role of the Czech Senate twenty years after its creation
Rameš, Jan ; Perottino, Michel (advisor) ; Brunclík, Miloš (referee)
This thesis is dealing with the problematic position of the upper house of the czech Parliament. In this thesis author is operating as with primary literature (i.e. laws and historic constitutional documents) in analysis historical moments of the czech parliamentarism, so with direct observation of the members of the Senate (in 11th term). Author was focusing himself on direct observations of the senate committees and plenary session of the Senate. With great help of the Senate's staff and senator Jaromír Jermář, all the members of the Senate was addressed with author's request to participate in research. Results of this research are basic cornerstone in order to answer the questions in the introduction about the sense and the role of the upper house of the czech Parliament. First chapter represents an introduction, where are the most important sources, metodology, questions entitled and this problematic is basically explained. Second chapter is aiming on the theoretical concept of the bicameral parliaments. Third chapter is profoundly analysing the historical experience of the Czech state with the second chambre parliament. Fourth chapter is, finally, analysing the representational, constitutional and legislative-controlling functions of the Senate toward the executive. Fifth chapter is...
Migration as a theme of regional elections in 2016
Randáková, Alice ; Perottino, Michel (advisor) ; Jüptner, Petr (referee)
This diploma thesis aims on the migration as one of topics relevant in the regional election in 2016. This topic became resonating in Czech environment and appeared to be a theme for several political subjects across whole political spectrum. The author of this thesis focuses on four regions: South-Moravian and Moravian-Silesian regions, Plzeň region and Ústí region. In respect of these territorial units the author aims on topic of migration as itself, considering not only election 2016 but also the 2012 poll, in order to clarify if the migration topic is entirely new or if it has already shown up in the Czech political environment in previous elections. The author aims on the first and second order election problematics in the thesis and also analysis the role of parties' centers and periphery in the regional election of the years 2016 and 2012 in the territorial units mentioned above respectively. The author supports the research with a survey. The thesis consists of two parts. First part is theoretical one, where the author defines the concept of migration, kinds of migration, etc. The author also explains the theory of first and second order election. After the theoretical part, it is followed by a practical part operating with individual political programs, articles and election results. Main...
Scottish National Party and Plaid Cymru in the context of devolution
Skutilová, Marie ; Říchová, Blanka (advisor) ; Perottino, Michel (referee)
The thesis deals with the Scottish National Party and Plaid Cymru - the Party of Wales and their transformation in the context of the establishment of devolutionary institutions: the Scottish Parliament and the National Assembly of Wales. At first, it presents the main terms with which the work will operate, and the concept of regional parties, focusing on their classification based on the origin and stance on the territorial-political arrangement. Further, the thesis will deal with the development of tendencies leading to the establishment of devolution in both regions. The background conditions and the main purpose leading to the establishment of both parties differed significantly and played an important role throughout their whole existence. The Scottish National Party has demanded Scotland's independence since its establishment, while Plaid Cymru was formed mainly to protect Welsh culture and language. The emergence of devolution in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland has provided regional parties with a new opportunity to strengthen their position in their regional political systems. Both the Scottish National Party and Plaid Cymru had to adapt to the new conditions and create a new strategy for the new political environment. The work should answer the question of how...
Analysis of ANO 2011 and SPD according to the theory of political parties and their marketing strategy in parliamentary elections
Zimmermannová, Adéla ; Perottino, Michel (advisor) ; Brunclík, Miloš (referee)
The aim of this diploma thesis is to analyze and then to compare two political subjects, namely ANO 2011 and Svoboda a přímá demokracie (previously Úsvit přímé demokracie). The aim of this work is to find out if these political subjects are new political parties and business firm parties according to necessary criterions. The main point of the business firm party is political marketing and political strategies for campaigns of these parties. That is the reason why this diploma thesis makes analyze of marketing strategies in parliamentary elections at the year 2013 and 2017. The main aim is to figure out if both parties works and act as marketing product that follows the rule of supply and demand. Or, if parties work as enterprise which benefits from state subsidies. Thank to this research I possible to see the differences between these two political subjects and others established political parties in the Czech Republic. The research proved that ANO 2011 and Svoboda a přímá demokracie (previously Úsvit přímé demokracie) are new political parties and even are business firm parties. Even through are both subject part of concept business firm party, they are not the same type. Both political movements have many differences between themselves. Differences as stronger leader management position at...
Party System of Catalonia
Baranyaiová, Gabriela ; Perottino, Michel (advisor) ; Říchová, Blanka (referee)
The Parliament of Catalonia was restored in 1980 within the transition to democracy in Spain. From the beginning the coalition of Convergència i Unió was dominated in party system. This coalition was consisted by two parties and had absolute parliamentarian majority between years 1984 and 1995. Its dominance was disrupted by Partit dels Socialistes de Catalunya in elections in 1999 and also in 2003. Until then, there was a bipolar system where CiU won elections to the Parliament of Catalonia and PSC-PSOE elections to Congreso de Diputados in this autonomous region. CiU won every Catalan parliamentary elections till 2012. After the collapse of CiU in 2015, one of its parties, Convergència Democràtica de Catalunya, started to cooperate with Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya primarily because of Catalonia's independence. The number of relevant parties started to increase in 2015. The aim of the thesis is to answer following questions: what party system according to Sartori's theory occurred/occurs in the Parliament of Catalonia and whether there was a change of party system or not. If yes, then which circumstances affected this change. Furthermore, the results of the elections to the Parliament of Catalonia and to Congreso de Diputados in Catalonia are compared. This comparison seeks to answer the question of...
Election Campaigns in small municipalities? Case Study of Microregion of Jemnice
Chvátal, David ; Jüptner, Petr (advisor) ; Perottino, Michel (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with election campaigns in small municipalities in the context of the Czech Republic, respectively nine municipalities of Microregion of Jemnice, which were selected as a research sample. The work focuses mainly on the analysis of whether election campaigns in these municipalities can be met at all, or what form and character of they have. The subject of the research is also the question if we can meet a certain form of election campaign in those small municipalities where there are disputes about the development of the municipality. This qualitative case study mainly uses the deductive methodological approach, where the basic theoretical approaches and concepts of the researched issue are introduced, from which the specific goals related to the research of campaigns in the Czech municipal environment are proceeded. The analytical part of the thesis is based on an inquiry in selected municipalities of the mentioned microregion, where the semi-structured interviews with successful and unsuccessful candidates from the municipal elections last year, ie. 2018, were used primarily for data collection, analysis of public and virtual documents, community websites or newspaper and municipal newsletters, was used as well. The final part of the thesis then summarizes the partial...
Analysis of negotiations and creation of coalition in the Ústecký, Pardubický, Hradec Králové and Pilsen region
Kindl, Karel ; Jüptner, Petr (advisor) ; Perottino, Michel (referee)
This work targets to analyse coalitions negotiation and them creation council of selected regions. At first work will be described and theory of coalition, which explains creation coalitions. Within theory of coalition will be introduced European traditional, American traditional and motivation of actors for entry and formation of coalition. Next will be deal with typology of coalition, when will be introduced individual types of coalitions. Afterward it focuses the individual region and that Ústecký, Pardubický, Královohradecký and Pilsen Region. Every region will have characteristic region, evolution of party system from creating of regions structure to 2012 years. Afterward will by results of election 2012. Based on results of election will be presented potential coalition, which could create. The next will be electoral programs of success political subjects and finally negotiating about region coalition. In conclusion work summary, where will be answer to question why movement ANO 2011 did not creating coalition like winner of elections in these regions.
Migration Policy of the Visegrad Group
Visnerová, Alexandra ; Perottino, Michel (advisor) ; Brunclík, Miloš (referee)
Bachelor thesis entitled "Migration Policy of the Visegrad Group" explores and describes in detail the development and strategies of migration policies of the Visegrad Group countries, i.e. the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary and Poland and their adaptation during the migration crisis in 2015. States joined the European Union in 2004 and thereby committed to follow and accept membership obligations. On compulsory quotas, V4 states have taken a collective stand and rejected them, resulting in the European Union being divided into two groups. Anti- immigrant sentiments began to spread in the society, and entities began to look at national interests and security in a first place. The aim of the thesis is to bring the attitudes of the leading V4 state representatives to the crisis and in particular, to introduce their approach to mandatory quotas for the relocation of migrants among the Member States. Working through a comparison of migration policies, illegal migration statistics and official statements, the thesis seeks to bring a comprehensive view of the Visegrad Four in relation to the crisis, asylum seekers, other Member States and the European Union itself.

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