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POSSIBILITIES OF AUTHENTICITY AND THE PHENOMENON OF DEATH AGAINST THE BACKGROUND OF WORRY
Kuklová, Pavlína ; Pelcová, Naděžda (advisor) ; Rybák, David (referee) ; Prokešová, Miriam (referee)
The existence is substantially coexistence. Sharing does not detract the loneliness of fall and destiny (guilt and consistence) from his existence these days, the regression into dust (end of experience) fights for human dignity in the Shared Phenomena of Old Age and Dying, which step out from their inconspicuousness and are mirror to the (un)hiddenness of possibilities of authenticity and the phenomenon of Dead in the background of Worry. Existencially-existencial connection of human existence expose that the appetence (the reality) of the First Man, based on the anxiety )possibility of Dead) of the historically last Man of the present, becomes a historical trace of authenticity in the sense of unique horizontal possibilities. Keywords: authenticity, Heidegger, Hogen, ontology, existence, death.
The Issue of Will in Descartes
Havrdová, Viktorie ; Rybák, David (advisor) ; Pelcová, Naděžda (referee)
This Bachelor's paper examines the conception of will in René Descartes in a theoretical way. The paper contains interpretaions of his Meditations on First Philosophy, Principles of Philosophy and Passions of the Soul with a focus on the issue of will, with the support of secondary literature. The first part of the paper briefly illustrates the role of the will in Descartes' philosophy. The second part deals with the concept of the will as a mode of our mind, which is especially described by Descartes in the Fouth Meditation. The third part presents the concept of the will as a tool of control over the passions of the human soul. In this part mainly the last Descartes' work Passions of the Soul is examined. The paper provides a basic comprehensive overview of Descartes' knowledge on the topic of the free will, which is gathered and interpreted in it.
How gender is being born in a diagnostic institute
Benešová, Jana ; Abu Ghosh, Yasar (advisor) ; Bittnerová, Dana (referee) ; Pelcová, Naděžda (referee)
The dissertation completes research that began in late 2007. It presents research findings concerning ways and methods of (re) construction of gender identities of Czech children placed in facilities for institutional and protective education. Based on ethnographic research in Diagnostic institute Ark there are examined practices and techniques shaping gender roles and contents, which are rooted in the so-called helping professions discourses. Psychology, special education, social work, pedagogy, education and health education are specializations that converge are under the roof of the institutes and create a discursive field for the exercise of power-colored procedures disciplining the children who are placed (cf. Laan, 1998). These procedures are directly linked to the concepts of socially desirable sex-gender order. The research objective was to capture the processes which have been neglected by the Czech professional community so far and which may become potential disciplination instruments in the hands of professionals in a wide range of helping professions, including social and special pedagogy.
The issue of moral education in Czech schools
Šťastná, Kamila ; Sokol, Jan (advisor) ; Pelcová, Naděžda (referee) ; Haškovcová, Helena (referee)
The thesis deals with moral (ethical) education in Czech schools. It tries to extend the current complementary discipline of ethical education by the Konstanz Method of Dilemma- Discussion (hereinafter KMDD) whose objective is to develop moral competence. For this purpose, it follows the tradition of moral education in Czech schools and pays attention to the diversity of the concept of moral education. It introduces the main psychological backgrounds of moral education and also the theories that focus on the "measurement" of morality. The thesis analyses the contemporary Czech concept of ethical education, maps the situation of moral education with respect to our neighbours, and then presents the Konstanz Method of Dilemma-Discussion. Part of the dissertation is its research section in which Czech pupils were subjected to a KMDD examination through research. Keywords: moral education, ethics education, method, concept, tradition, measurement of morality, Konstanz Method of Dilemma Discussion
Slavoj Žižek and the critique of ideology
Takač, Peter ; Hauser, Michael (advisor) ; Benyovszky, Ladislav (referee) ; Pelcová, Naděžda (referee)
The goal of the thesis is to analyze the contemporary form of ideology through the work of Slavoj Žižek. It aims to answer the question - resulting from the widespread notion of the end of ideology - what do people believe in nowadays. In other words, what do we follow or what do we respect if it is said that we do not believe in anything? The collapse of the communist project in the Eastern bloc brought a period of distrust towards grand narratives and utopian projects. In addition, the widespread form of ideology, which currently has been liberal democracy, allows each individual to choose their own way of life and among a wide range of parties with different political orientations. The answers to the critical analysis of this assumption and the current form of ideology are found in the work of Slavoj Žižek, who has been dealing with these questions since the end of the Cold War. The first part of the thesis presents the Marxist tradition of critique of ideology - its forms and observations it brought into this area. The second part deals with Žižek's contribution to the topics while clarifying the concepts of the Symbolic and the Big Other, representing the current forms of the unconscious and practiced collective activity. The influence of the dominant form of ideology on the population and...

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