National Repository of Grey Literature 38 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Processing of Mg-based powder materials by SPS method
Moleková, Kristína ; Pacal, Bohumil (referee) ; Doležal, Pavel (advisor)
Diploma thesis occupy with preparation of porous material from magnesium powder with a HAp admixture by cold pressing followed by spark plasma sintering (SPS). This thesis contain both preparation of bulk material, diffusion plot and charakterization of materials based on the compaction process conditions. On the basis of physical mechanical characteristics, the impact of the pressing process on the subsequent sintering and the resulting material properties are evaluated. Bulk material is characterized considering to structure and physical–mechanical properties. Properties of final metarial will serve to optimize conditions for process of bulk material preparation.
Preparation and characterization of bulk materials prepared from Mg and HAp powders
Kvapilová, Vendula ; Pacal, Bohumil (referee) ; Doležal, Pavel (advisor)
Bachelor thesis is focused on preparation and charakterization of bulk material from the powder mixture of Mg and HAp by hot pressing. In the prepared materials were investigated the influence of the quantity of HAp in the Mg matrix on the structure and physical-mechanical properties. The results of the work were continuously used for feedback in the subsequent optimization of individual parameters of the bulk material preparation process.
Study of intermetallic phases in cast duplex steel
Ponížil, Ondřej ; Foret, Rudolf (referee) ; Pacal, Bohumil (advisor)
This thesis deals with the study of intermetallic phases in cast duplex stainless steel ASTM A890 Grade 4A considering degradation of mechanical properties in the result of isothermal aging in the temperature of 700 °C and 595 °C. The period of aging in the temperature of 700 °C was ranging from 1 to 160 hours and in the temperature of 595 °C it was ranging from 24 to 245 hours. The study of microstructure after aging in the temperature of 700 °C has proved that the -phases, Laves phases, chromium carbides and chromium nitrides were excluded. The phase was observed after four hours of aging in the temperature of 700 °C in / interface for the first time. The transformation was performed by eutectoid mechanism according to the equation + 2. The Laves phase has been observed after 10 hours of aging in / interphase and later in the ferrite grain as well. Chromium carbides and nitrides have created a continuous contour along to the / and /2 interface. After the temperature of 595°C there have been observed a large amount of small precipitates in the structure. The precipitates have been extracted from some selected samples to carbon replica. Following analysis has confirmed the presence of chromium carbides, -phases and Laves phases. The deterioration of mechanical properties, caused by the influence of secondary phase exclusion, has been confirmed by the Vickers hardness test and impact test including fractography analysis of the fracture surface. The hardness has an increasing tendency while the impact strength has been significantly reduced.
Preparation and Characterization of Porous Magnesium Based Materials
Březina, Matěj ; Pacal, Bohumil (referee) ; Vojtěch, Dalibor (referee) ; Ptáček, Petr (advisor)
Bulk magnesium materials produced nowadays via powder metallurgy are based on a vastly extensive technological spectrum, which makes it possible to create a wide range of materials. This work focuses on the preparation of bulk materials from magnesium powder by cold pressing and hot pressing, sintering and field assisted sintering. The bulk materials were prepared in a series of compacting pressures from 100 MPa to 500 MPa and the sintering temperatures were selected in the range of 300 ° C to 600 ° C in order to characterize the influence of the manufacturing conditions and technology on the final properties of bulk materials. Prepared materials were evaluated in terms of microstructure, hardness, microhardness, three-point bend test, and fractography. From the hot pressed materials, the samples prepared at 400 and 500 MPa and 400 °C had the highest strength and hardness. The classic sintering of magnesium in the furnace with argon atmosphere proved to be ineffective due to the oxide layer on the surface and the presence of oxygen in technical argon. The SPS sintering (Spark Plasma Sintering) was the more effective with the lower applying pressure used to make the preforms and with the higher applied pressure during the SPS process itself. Highest strength and hardness were achieved in this case of materials sintered at 600 ° C prepared from free powder and the most porous preform (100 MPa). The bulk materials were prepared using all methods used, but the properties of these materials varied considerably depending on the technology used.
Corrosion of Nonferrous Metal Materials
Ševčíková, Barbora ; Nový,, František (referee) ; Pacal, Bohumil (referee) ; Havlica, Jaromír (advisor)
In the presented dissertation thesis, I closely focused on corrosion resistance of non-ferrous metals. For full understanding of the possibilities for increasing corrosion resistance, it was vital to initially recognize the influences to the corrosion system of the samples and their surrounding environment. For this purpose, I focused on heat treatment, corrosion, and protective coatings, in the theoretical part of the thesis. For the subsequent research, it was necessary to define several constant variables, first. For this purpose, I have chosen a group of magnesium alloys, namely AZ91 Alloy and 3.5 % NaCl Electrolyte. AZ91 Alloy is of heterogenous structure formed by a solid solution of aluminum in magnesium, intermetallic phase in Mg17Al12, and their eutectic. Local microcells tend to occur in these heterogenities, which leads to faster corrosion. In order to increase corrosion resistance of the alloy, I used a combination of heat treatment and protective phosphate coating. For creating of the desired structure, which further affects compact coating formation, I selected a process involving solution heating with precipitation hardening T6. Secondary goals of the thesis involved optimization of standard technical procedures for the sake of increasing efficiency. With regard to this goal, I introduced optimized heat treatment T6 using accelerated cooling of a sample in water and liquid nitrogen. A modification besides the standard phosphating procedure was carried out with no activation step. For evaluation of corrosion resistance of the samples, I conducted water immersion tests using electrochemical methods; such as potenciodynamic curves combined with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. In order to streamline the evaluation of the corrosion surface in technical practice, I used automatic detection. Substantial improvement of corrosion resistance of the above mentioned system, compared to heat-untreated samples, was proven through electrochemical methods. Due to accelerated cooling, a more homogeneous structure was achieved, which could be further utilized to create more uniform protective coating. For some phosphate coating, specifically manganese phosphate coating, I identified certain modifications that were in line with the set goals; i.e. skipping the activation phase, and using automatic detection for evaluation of uniform corrosion on the samples.
The influence of microstructure on the KV values of microalloyed steel 694F60
Abaidullin, Ilgiz ; Pacal, Bohumil (referee) ; Foret, Rudolf (advisor)
The subject of this master’s thesis was to find the causes of impact toughness scattering of forgings of the test disk with dimension range of 540 – 170 mm. The experimental samples were developed from steel A694 F60. To reach the main aim light microscopy, electron microscopy, EBSD technique, fractographic analysis and hardness measurement HV10 were utilized.
Surface melting and possible alloying of cast iron with lamellar graphite by electron beam
Abu Khait, Yosef ; Kouřil, Miloslav (referee) ; Pacal, Bohumil (advisor)
In this thesis, the structural and mechanical changes, which took place in flake graphite cast iron after electron beam surface melting and chrome-nickel surface alloying, were studied. Furthermore, the effect of set parameters on properties and depth of the melted and alloyed region is also analyzed. In the experimental part, the analyzed microstructures, micro-hardness and the distribution of elements after melting and alloying, were presented. Structural differences of material regions caused by melting were described based on microstructures. In the end of diploma thesis, the conclusions of using EB technology for surface melting and alloying were discussed.
Advanced Magnesium Alloys Surface Modification by Ni-P Based Coatings
Kosár, Petr ; Pacal, Bohumil (referee) ; Nový,, František (referee) ; Havlica, Jaromír (advisor)
The dissertation thesis deals with the modification of the surface of advanced magnesium alloys with Ni-P based coatings. At the beginning of the theoretical part, the structures of the used magnesium alloys and the influence of individual alloying elements on their properties are characterized. In the following part of the thesis the current knowledge in the field of electroless deposition on metal substrates is summarized. The theoretical part of the thesis is closed with contemporary research study in the field of clarification and determination of possible mechanism of electroless deposition. For the subsequent investigation of the mechanism of electroless deposition on magnesium alloys, it was necessary to characterize the microstructure and composition of individual magnesium alloys in the first phase of the experimental part. The exact composition of elements was determined using glow discharge optical emission spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy with EDS was used for composition of phases of magnesium alloys. Using scanning electron microscopy and detailed elemental analysis of the coated magnesium substrate, it was found that for optimal Ni-P coating deposition on magnesium alloys, acid pickling prior coating is required in a mixture of acetic acid and sodium nitrate. Using the XPS method, it was found that the phosphorus atom in the sodium dihydride-diphosphate reducing agent has a + V charge. 4 At the end of the experimental part scanning electron microscopy and detailed elemental analyses were used for monitoring of the Ni-P particles nucleation and growth in the first 120 seconds of the coating process.
Airless Tires
Hanus, Jan ; Pacal, Bohumil (referee) ; Molliková, Eva (advisor)
The aim of this bachleor thesis was describing options of constructing the airless tire with inner structure, finding out its properties and comparision with conventional tire. The first part deals with the historical development of the airless tire structure. The second part describes ways to design the inner structure with focus on the honeycomb type. The comparison of airless and conventional tire properties is stated in the end of this bachleor thesis.
Deformation of tool steels after quenching in vacuum furnaces
Abu Khait, Yosef ; Němec, Karel (referee) ; Pacal, Bohumil (advisor)
In this thesis, the deformation stages, which take place in tool steels after quenching in vacuum furnaces, were studied. This study was focused on the heating and cooling conditions during this type of quenching. In the experimental part, the deformation changes in particular samples made of tool steel after vacuum quenching were analyzed. Minor changes in the volume of samples at higher quenching temperatures compared to lower temperatures were observed.

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