National Repository of Grey Literature 3 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Analysis of English and French True Friends (Vrais Amis) in a Corpus of Authentic Text Samples
Pípalová, Mariana ; Lancová, Klára (advisor) ; Červinková Poesová, Kristýna (referee)
This PhDr. dissertation provides a parole analysis of vrais amis (true counterparts) in current French and current English. To this end a specialized English-French translation corpus was assembled, composed of three subcorpora equal in length, namely Religious, Political and Fiction discourse, amounting altogether to approximately 60,000 words. With the help of the AntConc computer tool, true friends employed in the corpus were generated, here conceived of as a register-specific phenomenon exclusively. Using the frequency criteria, a "central setˮ of 64 most frequent counterparts was delineated. These central counterparts, marked by (almost) identical frequencies, identical contexts and the same registers, were subjected to a multiaspectual analysis, scrutinizing the pronunciation, spelling, word classes, share of derivation, and frequency of both, the types and the tokens. Since English proved to be the borrowing language in all instances, the research also indirectly addressed the degree of their integration in the English lexicon by reference to frequency bands. For most of the researched aspects, three zones of counterparts were identified, namely those exhibiting identity, close similarity and relative difference. As a result, employing the Theory of Centre and Periphery (Daneš 1966), we may...
Analysis of English and French true friends (vrais amis) in a corpus of authentic text samples
Pípalová, Mariana ; Jančík, Jiří (advisor) ; Listíková, Renáta (referee)
This final project provides a parole analysis of vrais amis (true counterparts) in current French and English. To this end a specialized English-French translation corpus was assembled, composed of three subcorpora equal in length, namely Religious, Political and Fiction discourse, amounting altogether to approximately 60,000 words. With the help of the AntConc instrument, true friends employed in the corpus were generated, here conceived of as a register-specific phenomenon exclusively. Using the frequency criteria, a central set of 64 most frequent counterparts was delineated. These central counterparts, marked by (almost) identical frequencies, identical contexts and the same registers, were subjected to a multiaspectual analysis, scrutinizing the pronunciation, spelling, word classes, share of derivation, and frequency of types and tokens. Since English proved to be the borrowing language in all instances, the research also indirectly addressed the degree of their integration in the English words stock by reference to frequency bands. For most of the researched aspects, three zones of counterparts were identified, namely those exhibiting identity, close similarity and relative difference. As a result, employing the Theory of Centre and Periphery (Daneš 1966), we may arrange true counterparts...
True and false friends between English and French and their lexicological and morphological aspects
Pípalová, Mariana ; Jančík, Jiří (advisor) ; Listíková, Renáta (referee)
The aim of this final project is to discuss the selected lexicological and morphological aspects of the true and false cognates between English and French. For the purposes of this work a representative sample of lexical items was assembled, and consequently subjected to the lexicological and morphological analysis. It should be stressed that this project is conceived from the viewpoint of English. The results of this thesis have revealed various tendencies concerning the proportion and distribution of word classes, the number of syllables, the frequency of use and the origin of the items in question within each of the following categories: the true cognates, the false cognates and the partially false cognates. The tendencies discovered might throw more light on the similarities and differences between the two languages, and, in addition to that, for the speakers of one of the languages facilitate the learning of the other one.

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