National Repository of Grey Literature 8 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Czech Sacral Architecture between 1900 - 1950 in International Context
Obrtlík, Jan ; Kyselka, Mojmír (referee) ; Halík,, Pavel (referee) ; Šlapeta, Vladimír (advisor)
The thesis deals with the history and the interpretation of the development of sacral architecture during the first half of the twentieth century. It interprets the topic in a broad framework, which mentions the historical preconditions of this development and in the most important cases also its international relations. The introductional chapters list all up-to-date publications to the topic and suggest certain means of interpretation of sacral architecture which reflects the natural division of this topic between the disciplines of architectural theory and religion science. The own thesis begins with characteristics of social and religious situation in the Austria-Hungary and its consequences of sacral architectural development. It mentions basic examples of sacral buildings and the measure of their relation to the contemporary architectural development in general. Subsequently it mentions transformational influence of World War I and of declaration of souverain Czechoslovakia, which led to the emergence of new churches with their own architectural ambitions and also to the focus shifting of discipline to new contemporary topics. It follows the parallels with contemporary architectural trends of 1920's and the level of their use in the specific field of religious buildings also in relation to individual churches with their different architectural developments. Further it mentions sacral building development in 1930's with the emphasis in relation to the contemporary social atmosphere and in accent transformation between conservative and progressive religious approach. Than it follows with a review of religious culture transformation during World War II in Protectorate Czech Moravia and shows particularity of unnumerous examples of church buildings and projects from this era. The final part than reflects the evolution of the social role of religion after the War as well as an influence of communist coup in 1948 at potential of sacral architecture. It states the negative influence of both totalitarian regimes on the quality of sacral buildings of following period and on a poor measure of disciplines theoretical knowledge, which among others results in unsufficient primary sources, from which this thesis would likely have taken. Even when this thesis have not and cannot have an ambition of full exploration of the topic, it presents the factography and collecion of interpretations, by means of which the significant gap in the historiography of 20th century Czech sacral architecture can be at least partially bridged.
Residential Complex in Brno - Komín
Halinár, Matej ; Obrtlík, Jan (referee) ; Kristek, Jan (advisor)
Area is located in the city of Brno-Komin in place of existing gardens. The proposal consists of small apartment buildings, which together 19 concept is sensitively set home into the surrounding urban fabric and terrain. Houses are located in the lower flat part of the parcel. It's subtle and simple architecture. Residential houses have 3 floors. Each apartment has an entrance from the living room directly to your own private garden. Two lower apartments have a garden on the ground and the upper apartment has it on the terrace.
NEW ON THE „OLD“ – Brno, Bratislavská - Stará Corner
Baťková, Kateřina ; Obrtlík, Jan (referee) ; Makovský, Zdeněk (advisor)
MULTIFUNCTIONAL BUILDING ON THE CORNER OF BRATISLAVSKA AND STARA STREET IN BRNO, ZABRDOVICE. THE LOCALITY, WHICH IS SITUATED NEAD BY THE CITY CENTER AND THE SMALL INNER CITY CIRCLE HAS GREAT GENIE LOCI. THE MAIN IDEA WAS TO COMPLETE THE BLOCK, CREATE CORNER AND SAVE THE LOCAL ATMOSPHERE. THE LOCALITY HAS ALSO LACK OF PUBLIC SPACES. CHARAKTERISTIC ELEMENT IS COURTYARD, WHICH IS USUALLY CLOSED AND PRIVAT. PROJECT CREATES AN COURTYARD, BUT PUBLIC ACCESSEBLE. NEW PUBLIC SPACE THEN WILL NOT BE OPENED TO THE HECTIC STREET FULL OF CAR, WHICH MAKES IT MORE DE LUXE. MOREOVER, THIS WAY CREATS MORE SPACES FOR PARTERRE.
Significant intellectual positions and their supporters in the history of the brno school of architecture
Obrtlík, Jan
During almost 100 years of architectural studies at the Brno University of Technology attended this scope number of extraordinary personalities. Many of these architects were advocates of original and pioneer theoretical approaches by which they influenced professional activities far behind the faculty borders. The paper presents a list of such oriented teachers and discusses more detailed few chosen opinions in their historical context.
Czech Sacred Architecture in the Period of Origins of the Autonomous Czechoslovakia
Obrtlík, Jan
The contribution deals with Czech sacral architecture in particular historical moment. Because of the slow movement in the architectural area in comparison to politics, a certain zone of immediate historical period is chosen, which corresponds to the speed of architectural evolution. The midpoint of this imaginary zone on the historical axis is the year 1918, the year of political establishment of independent Czechoslovakia. In the present work the church architecture and the architecture of related buildings is studied mostly from the viewpoint of reactions on the progressing society events. The results of the historical situation are researched in the area of the preference of architectural style of particular buildings, also in the context of the changes in confessional preferences and finally also in the area of interest in material expression of the faith generally. In the present contribution an answer is searched to the question, if architecture in the mentioned time span had a close contact to the spirit of the present time, therefore, whether it only reacted on it, or whether it also constituted it.
The ideas and ideology of the Czechoslovakian architectural avantgarde of 1920’s
Obrtlík, Jan
The contribution concerns with basic ideas, which faced the Czech artist avantgarde of 1920’s. The avantgard is here presented mostly by programs of Devětsil association. These are ideologies of socialism, communism and nationalism. Further inspirations f
Emil Králík (1880-1946): Připomenutí významného díla
Obrtlík, Jan
Emil Králík (1880-1946) belonged to most important personalities of Brno architecture between World Wars. His broad and multi-faceted activity spans from furniture design over architecture of residential and public buildings to urban design. His art work was also on a high level. His teaching at Brno University of Technology had big influence alike his pursuit in cultural societies of the first Czechoslovak republic. His legacy remains one of enequally explored areas of modern architecture and art history.
Transformation Challenges: Czech Church Architecture in the First Half of the Twentieth Century
Obrtlík, Jan
During the first half of the twentieth century, church architecture in the Central European area – determined, around 1900, by the framework of architectural historicism and eclecticism – absorbed a number of influences that led to its radical transformation. On one level, this transformation followed from the development of architecture as a field, where radical changes took place in the functionalist era between the two world wars. It took long for the revolution to reach the church milieu, with the exception of churches for new denominations who sought to be different from the established ones. Therefore, conservative views and modern trends opposing them existed in parallel.

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