National Repository of Grey Literature 151 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Case Study of Physiotherapy Treatment of a Patient after Proximal Humerus Fracture
Blektová, Veronika ; Opatrná Novotná, Irena (advisor) ; Šachová, Dana (referee)
Title: Case Study of Physiotherapy Treatment of a Patient after Proximal Humerus Fracture Objectives: The main aim of this thesis is to describe the possibilities of physiotherapy treatment of patients after proximal humerus fracture. The summary of theoretical knowledge, orientation in specialized literature dealing with this topic and a case study of one patient. Methods: The bachelor thesis is divided into two parts - the general part and the special part. The general part focuses on general information concerning this diagnosis, which will be accessed from specialized literature. Specifically, this part contains information about the anatomy and kinesiology of the shoulder girdle, general information about fractures of the proximal humerus, treatment options and rehabilitation. The special part contains a complex initial physiotherapy examination, therapy proposal, short and long term goals of therapy, description of individual therapies, output physiotherapy examination and the overall effect of therapy. Results: The case study of physiotherapy treatment was compiled on the basis of my bachelor practice in Centrum léčby pohybového aparátu in Prague during January and February of 2020. The result of physiotherapy treatment was reduced pain, increased range of motion and increased muscle...
A case study of physiotherapeutic care of a patient after wrist arthroplasty.
Nemec, Štěpán ; Opatrná Novotná, Irena (advisor) ; Křížková, Štěpánka (referee)
Title: A case study of physiotherapeutic care of a patient after wrist arthroplasty. Objectives: The goal of this study was to describe the course of therapy of and to summarize the current knowledge of wrist arthroplasty. The participant of the study was a patient with typical physical ailments after wrist arthroplasty, which we aimed to decrease and compensate using methods of physical therapy. Methods: The thesis is divided into two parts. The general part describes the anatomy and kinesiology of the wrist joint. It also overviews the types and features of wrist endoprotheses, operational approaches, possible complications and therapeutical options. The special part deals with a case study of physiotherapeutic care of a patient after wrist arthroplasty, which consists of an initial and final kinesiological examination, description of individual therapies and assessment of the outcome of therapy. Results: We succeeded in the relaxation of antalgic shoulder position, increasing of range of motion and muscle strenght, stretching of shortened muscles, improving of fine motor skills and partially in correcting the movement stereotype of right arm abduction. We did not succeed in decreasing pins and needles sensation in the second and third finger. Conclusion: The present study accomplished all its...
The Case Study of the Physiotherapeutic Treatment of a Patient with Diagnosis a State after the Fracture of Caput Radii
Dvořáková, Dominika ; Opatrná Novotná, Irena (advisor) ; El Ali, Zaher (referee)
Title: The Case Study of the Physiotherapeutic Treatment of a Patient with Diagnosis a State after the Fracture of Caput Radii Aim: The main purpouse of this bachelor thesis is a processing of a case study of the physiotherapeutic care of a patient with diagnosis a state after the fracture of caput radii on the left side. The Case study was processed during an intership in the CLPA rehabilitation centre. Another purpose is also processing of relevant theoretical informations related to the topic. Summary: The bachelor thesis is divided into two parts - the general part and the special part. The general part focuses on the theoretical informations related to the diagnoses. These informations were accessed from specialized literature. Anatomy and kineziology of the upper limb were mentioned, orhopaedy and traumatology of elbow and forearm and methods, that can be used during the rehabilitation of these fractures as well. Contain of the special part is a case study of the patient with radial head fracture. It consists anamnesis, kinesiologic evaluation in the beginning and in the end of the rehabilitation, which shows the differences and the final effect of the therapy. It also concludes all of the therapy units, that were made. Keywords: Case study, physiotherapy, fracture, therapy, caput radii,...
Case Study of Physiotherapy Treatment of a Patient with the Diagnosis of Fracture of the Distal Radius
Bezděková, Hana ; Opatrná Novotná, Irena (advisor) ; Sohrová, Jana (referee)
Author: Hana Bezděková Title: Case Study of Physiotherapy Treatment of a Patient with the Diagnosis of Fracture of the Distal Radius Head of the thesis: Mgr. Irena Opatrná Novotná Objectives: The main aim of this these sis to describe the possibilities of physiotherapy threatment of patient after distal radius fracture. The summary of theoretical knowledge and a case study of one patient. Methods: The theoretical part of the thesis is elaborated in the form of a literature research. It describes the important information of anatomy, kinesiology and hand function. The traumatology side discusses possible fractures in the area of the forearm, the possibilities of treating the injuries and the most commonly used physiotherapeutic methods. The special part is a case study of a patient after distal radius fracture. The special part includes input and output assesment, description of the individual therapeutic units and evaluation of the effect of the therapy. The data for the special part of the thesis were obtained in Centrum léčby pohybového aparátu in Prague, Vysočany since 13. 1. 2020 to 7. 2. 2020. Results: During the physiotherapy treatment the patient's condition improved. Swelling was reduced as well as overal pain, joint play of the joints and the range of their motion improved, reflexive...
The effect of chosen manual techniques on static and dynamic postural stability in physiotherapy students
Hrmová, Jana ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Opatrná Novotná, Irena (referee)
Title: The effect of chosen manual techniques on static and dynamic postural stability in physiotherapy students. Aims: The main aim of this study is to assess the effect of chosen manual techniques on participants' static and dynamic postural stability. Summary: The study was done from May to December 2019. A total of 100 subjects aged 19-38years took part in the study. Participants were randomly divided into two groups - experimental and control. Postural stability was measured by the following tests: Star Excursion Balance test, Unipedal Stance test, Timed Up and Go test and Sit to Stand test. These standardised measurements were taken before intervention, after intervention and a week from intervention. Experimental group undertook the intervention by manual techniques, which took 20 minutes. Outcomes were written into recording sheets. Final data were processed using Microsoft Excel 2013, IBM SPSS Statistics V26 and TIBCO Statistica 13.3.0. To calculate differences, the following statistical methods were used: Shapiro-Wilk test, independent T-test and Mann-Whitney U test. To measure effect size, Cohen's d was used. The level of statistical significance was determined to α = 0,05. The clinical significance was assessed by these levels: d = 0,2-0,49 (small effect), d = 0,5-0,79 (medium effect),...
Evaluation of the ability to dynamically stabilize and postural strategy of Czech female handball players
Pešková, Michaela ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Opatrná Novotná, Irena (referee)
Title: Evaluation of the ability to dynamically stabilize and postural strategy of Czech female handball players Author: Bc. Michaela Pešková Aim: The main objective of the diploma thesis is to investigate the difference of dynamic postural stability and its strategy between female handball players in the Czech republic and the group of women, who don't practise any sport. For the objectivization is used a dynamic posturography Smart EquiTest by NeuroCom company. Methods: The participants of this quantitative cross-sectional study are 44 women, divided into the experimental (24 handball players) and the control group (20unsporting women) in the age from 18 to 28 years old. Measurements of dynamic postural stability were performed on Smart EquiTest by Neurocom in the Kinesiological Laboratory at the department of the physiotherapy on Faculty of Physical Education and Sport of Charles University. The whole test battery contains 7 testing protocols. The measured data from z Neurocom Balance Manager Software were exported to Microsoft Excel 2016, where were used other statistical methods like Shapiro - Wilk test, Student's T-test, Mann - Whitney test and Cohen's d effect size.. Results: A statistically significant difference in favor of non-handball players was found of Limits of Stability, Sensory...
A Change in Blood Flow to the Muscle during Compression Therapy
Kuncová, Eliška ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Opatrná Novotná, Irena (referee)
Title: A Change in Blood Flow to the Muscle during Compression Therapy Objectives: The main objective of this work is to determine the change in muscle blood flow during compression therapy, specifically during flossing. Another objective is to get acquainted with compression techniques. Methods: In our work, we used an anamnesty questionnaire to get basic information about probabilities. Flossing was applied to the right shoulder for two minutes. The flow measurement was carried out on Précisé 8008 and the data were evaluated using descriptive statistics, testing using a linear model, an ANOVA and T-test. Results: We found that the development of blood flow to the biceps brachii muscle during and after application is variable. After application of flossing, there are statistically significant changes in blood flow to the upper limb (where flossing was applied) and subsequently, after application, there is an improvement in muscle blood flow (TcpO2). There is also a change in blood flow to the opposite limb (where flossing has not been applied), but this change is statistically significant at the time of the lowest blood flow to the limb where flossing was applied and 15 minutes after the lowest perfusion was measured. Furthermore, flossing was found not to return rapidly to baseline in the upper...
Evaluation of the most common injuries and health problems of professional table tennis players
Tenglová, Vendula ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Novotná, Irena (referee)
Title: Evaluation of the most common injuries and health problems of professional table tennis players Objectives: The main aim of this work is to evaluate the most common injuries and health problems of professional table tennis players in the Czech Republic. Another goal is to determine the level of use of regenerative procedures and compensatory exercises within the training plan of athletes. Methods: The main method used in this thesis was a quantitative research by data analysis from non-standardized questionnaire. The questionnaire was distributed among professional table tennis players who participated actively in the district, regional, league or extra league competition in the Czech Republic or abroad in the 2018/2019 season. A total of 374 questionnaires were processed and evaluated, which corresponds to 62,33 % of the total number of sent questionnaires. Results: Of the 374 table tennis players, 240 were injured (197 men, 43 women), which corresponds to 64,17% of the interviewed players. A total of 361 injuries were recorded. The research confirmed four out of six hypotheses. Statistical significance was noted between the injury and sex, and the statistically significant relationship between the injury and the different playing style was confirmed. Most injuries were in the area of the...
Physiotherapy of children with lung diseases.
Švrčková, Karolína ; Malá, Jitka (advisor) ; Novotná, Irena (referee)
Author: Bc. Karolína Švrčková Title: Physiotherapy of children with lung disease Objectives: The aim of this thesis is to create a targeted therapeutic program for school- age children diagnosed with bronchial asthma and to evaluate the change of the examined parameters (FEV1, dyspnoea, muscle imbalance, resting breathing wave, diaphragm test, five-minute running test with a focus on post-exercise dyspnoea, viscerovertebral manifestations) after four weeks of movement in two groups (one focused on respiratory physiotherapy, the other on respiratory physiotherapy enriched with yoga exercise), both diagnosed with bronchial asthma. Methods: This work is a pilot experimental study. Two groups of probands (test and control, each with eight probands) were created. The test group underwent respiratory physiotherapy and yoga exercise specifically designed for diagnosis bronchial asthma. The control group underwent only respiratory physiotherapy. Both groups had an intervention of four weeks. In both groups, FEV1 and Investigation Protocol - focusing on viscerovertebral manifestations, muscle imbalance, resting respiratory wave, five- minute running test (focusing on any manifestation of dyspnoea that would end the test, or after the test dyspnoea) and manifestations of dyspnoea (dyspnea in two previous...
Evaluation of motor skills level in children of the primary education of selected Prague elementary schools
Šollová, Markéta ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Novotná, Irena (referee)
Title: Evaluation of motor skills level in children of the primary education of selected Prague elementary schools Objectives: The main aim of the study was to evaluate current level of motor skills of primary education children of selected Prague elementary schools using standardized assessment battery MABC-2. A partial goal of the study was to compare the level achieved in the MABC-2 test with the data acquired through the questionnaire survey regarding physical activities of participating responders. (n = 134). Methods: A total number of 134 responders (60 girls and 74 boys) aged from 7 to 12 years from two selected Prague elementary schools participated in the research. The level of motor skills of all participants was examined using a standardized assessment battery MABC- 2. The testing was carried out in the form of field research during physical education lessons at selected schools. A questionnaire designed specifically for the purpose of this study, subsequently completed by legal representatives of the responders, was used for the orientation examination of the physical behaviour of the participants. The data from the questionnaire survey was subsequently compared with the level achieved in the MABC-2 test. MS Excel 2010 was used to interpret the results and to process the data...

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