National Repository of Grey Literature 62 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Awareness of hospital staff in respect of nutrition in connection with education
Boukalová, Michaela ; Nováková, Alena (advisor) ; Křížová, Jarmila (referee)
The diploma thesis focuses on hospital staff and their nutrition awareness in relation to their education. The aim of the thesis is to map the nutrition awareness of the employees in the hospital. Compare how the knowledge of the hospital dietary system differs among the staff with basic, secondary and tertiary education. Compare how the knowledge of healthy eating principles differs among the hospital staff with primary, secondary and tertiary education. Find out from employees what they think affects their eating habits and adherence to the principles of healthy eating. The theoretical part deals with the general meaning of carbohydrates, fats, proteins and other important substances for the organism. Furthermore, it deals with recommendations for healthy and balanced eating, nutrient supplementation, tips for a balanced diet, dietary measures for selected diseases and the consequences of poor nutrition on the human body. Last but not least, the dietary system and diets are mentioned in the work. A questionnaire survey method was used to draw up the practical part, where 168 employees were involved. The research group was made up of randomly selected hospital staff in different age categories with different education. The research group was divided into 3 groups by education. Then, these three...
Effect of temperature on life cycle of zygomycetes
Matoušková, Barbora ; Kubátová, Alena (advisor) ; Nováková, Alena (referee)
This thesis is aiming on zygomycetes, their importance, their current position in the Fungi kingdom and above all their ecological demands. The paper summarizes the influence of temperature on their life cycle (i.e. primarily on the growth, reproduction and production of metabolites). It focuses mainly on psychrophilic and thermophilic species and describes the mechanisms of adaptation to unfavorable living conditions. To investigate the influence of temperature, zygomycetes are exceptionally suitable model organisms, e.g. in the order Mucorales we can find relatives growing in diametrically different environments. Among the mechanisms of extreme temperature adaptation for zygomycetes are in particular trehalose production, a change in the degree of saturation of membrane phospholipids and the production of membrane stabilizing agents - sterols, glycolipids and sugar alcohols. Key words: temperature, growth, reproduction, life cycle, habitat, extremophiles, Mucoromycotina, Mortierellomycotina
Rational nutrition of paramedics in workshift
Hillová, Dagmar ; Nováková, Alena (advisor) ; Marková, Eva (referee)
HILLOVÁ, Dagmar: Rational nutrition of paramedics in workshift. [Bachelor thesis]. Charles University in Prague. 1 faculty of medicine; Nutritional therapist. Consultant: Mgr. Nováková Alena. Prague, 2017, 46s. Thesis discusses the rational eating habits of medics, paramedics and nurses who work shifts. The theoretical part describes principles of balanced nutrition with regards of rotating day and night shifts, the impact of poor diet on the job performance and on health of an individual. The work is focused not only on nutrition, but also on aspects that are closely related to nutrition, such as smoking and regular physical activity. The aim was to identify weaknesses in eating habits and then suggest possible and effective solutions considering the financial options of health facilities. Selected problem was solved by quantitative research using questionnaire methods. The questionnaire was directly focusing on different aspects of rational nutrition, smoking, sports activities and its own position towards health and nutrition. The observed data were graphically and numerically processed into graphs, and comparisons were made based on the age of the respondents and the country in which they operate (Slovakia or Czech Republic). In this work, there were suggested possible solutions in terms of...
Awareness and Knowledge of Lexical and Spelling Differences Between British and American English Among Czech Students of English
Nováková, Alena ; Matuchová, Klára (advisor) ; Bojarová, Marie (referee)
This thesis is concerned with lexical and spelling differences between British and American English. The theoretical part provides an overview of the history and development of those differences, including a list of selected high frequency items. It also focuses on the role of American culture in the world and its impact on the English language. The practical part is based on a survey and attempts to discover whether Czech upper secondary students are aware of British and American English and the differences between them, with special attention to the media dominated by American English and their influence on students' language competence. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Management activities of charge nurse in the intensive care unit
Nováková, Alena ; Marková, Eva (advisor) ; Lišková, Iveta (referee)
This thesis focuses on the work of charge nurses in intensive care units (ICUs) as first-line managers. The practical part of the thesis aims at assessing the experience with nursing management in day-to-day routine, especially with the management of change introduction, conflict resolution and motivation of employees. It further compares different charge nurses' career beginnings. The second part of the research deals with personal typology of charge nurses. Twenty six ICU charge nurses were included into the study. The results indicate that charge nurses are not being specifically prepared for their job and that they particularly lack any special education in management. They usually solve conflicts either by compromise or via a directive. Most charge nurses intend to introduce changes into daily practice and they perceive changes as positive. Conversely, they describe the attitude of their subordinates towards changes as negative. Charge nurses generally know the motivators of their employees; however, they excessively and inappropriately use praising as motivation tool. Although not standardized and not used generally, a formal evaluation of employees is considered by charge nurses as a possible way to improve motivation. Allover, the study shows the need for a more thorough management training...
The role of fathers in family policy
Nováková, Alena ; Angelovská, Olga (advisor) ; Vlčková, Kamila (referee)
The aim of this bachelor thesis is to examine the phenomenon of active fatherhood and the influence of an engaged father on raising a child. I am interested in sociological view on parenthood and stereotypes of male and female roles. But my major interest lies in a phenomenon that has been developing in last several years not only in the Czech Republic, but also abroad - and this phenomenon is active fatherhood. I will pay attention to historical development of fatherhood and a positive impact a father has on his child. In the empirical part of my paper I analyze the research called Forms of fatherhood in the CR (Podoby otcovství v ČR); in this part I try to describe opinions of current fathers on active fatherhood and determine whether the father - provider and mother - caretaker stereotypes still exist in society. The practical part is based on results of a qualitative survey, comprising of an analysis of semi-structured interviews with fathers from two generations, who are relatives (fathers - sons). The aim of my bachelor thesis is to find whether the opinions on active fatherhood have changed over generations.
Mechanisms of water stress adaptations of the filamentous fungi
Sklenář, František ; Hubka, Vít (advisor) ; Nováková, Alena (referee)
Some species of the filamentous fungi can grow on the substrates with low water activity that have either low water content or high concentration of osmotically active substances. These fungi are usually called osmotolerant or xerotolerant. They occur particularly in the soil of arid areas and in hypersaline environments. Economically important species cause spoilage of stored food, seed and feed. This thesis brings the summary of physiological and morphological adaptations of fungal organisms to water stress and deals with the molecular genetic background of these adaptations. The current taxonomic classification of the fungal organisms adapted to grow at low water activity is summarized. Separate chapters are dedicated to the influence of different osmotically active substances on the phenotype of the fungi and to the possibilities of using media with osmotically active substances for taxonomic purposes.
Mycobiota of energy sorrel
Janďourková, Hana ; Novotný, David (advisor) ; Nováková, Alena (referee)
Energy sorrel (Rumex patientia L. x Rumex tianschanicus A. Los.) is a plant with a high yield of above-ground biomass. Because of this, it is grown as energy crop, but in Ukraine it is also important forage crop. Mycobiota has not been examined, even though energy sorrel is grown in the Czech Republic experimentally since 1992 (in agricultural operations since 2001). The aims of this thesis were: to determine the composition of mycobiota of healthy plants and of mycobiota associated with leaf and stem spots, to verify whether fungi isolated from spots can cause these spots and if previously isolated fungus Phomopsis sp. can cause spots. Fungi were cultivated on 2% malt extract agar and then morphologically determined. From representative strains were isolated DNA and sequences of the ITS region were compared with the GenBank databases, this verified the morphological determination and the sterile species were determined. In total 24 morphotypes of endophytic fungi were cultivated from healthy plants. The most common species were: Clonostachys rosea f. rosea, Cladosporium cladosporioides, Rhizopus arrhizus var. arrhizus, Alternaria alternata and Acremonium strictum. From the spots were isolated in total 29 morphotypes, the dominant species were: A. strictum, Aureobasidium pullulans, C....

National Repository of Grey Literature : 62 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
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