National Repository of Grey Literature 76 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Years of renewal: the diversity of approaches to urban planning in West and East Berlin in 1945-1961
Dohnalová, Kristýna ; Nigrin, Tomáš (advisor) ; Zelená, Alena (referee)
Bachelor Thesis Author: Kristýna Dohnalová Years of renewal: the diversity of approaches to urban planning in West and East Berlin in 1945-1961 Abstract The topic of this bachelor thesis is the difference in the urban planning strategies of West and East Berlin from the end of the Second World War to the year 1961, when construction of the Berlin Wall divided the city. The time range between 1945 and 1961 was marked by a spirit of post-war-rebuild of Berlin's urban structure. The period subjected to examination is divided into time-specific phases - each characterized by a different approach to urban planning varying in both the eastern and western part of the city. Since the political division of the city in 1948, the parts became known as "West and East Berlin" respectively. The theoretical section of the thesis focuses on the most significant principles of urban planning, applied to both parts of the city, during the defined period. Through a detailed research of individual urban planning concepts, the practical part of the thesis endeavours to compare the differences between the architectural approaches and the changing West Berlin and East Berlin urban planning strategies. The thesis concludes that both urban development policies differed significantly. This dissimilarity was caused by geopolitical...
The Way to Prague Treaty
Mentlík, Petr ; Nigrin, Tomáš (advisor) ; Kučera, Jaroslav (referee)
The thesis is dealing with the circumstances in which the Treaty on Mutual Relations between the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany, known as the Prague Treaty, was negotiated and concluded in the early 1970s. The main focus of the thesis is the chapter on the Way to the Prague Treaty, which contains an analysis of negotiations on the text of the Prague Treaty, where the biggest obstacle was disagreement over the invalidity of Munich Agreement, as well as questions about importance of some treaty provisions for West Berlin, signing the treaty in Prague in December 1973 and finally even the process of ratification of the treaty in both states. The analysis of the ratification process consisting mainly in the negotiation of a treaty in the legislative bodies of both states is based mainly on primary sources, parliamentary papers and stenoprotocols. Complicated was discussion in the Federal Republic, when deputies of opposition (CDU/CSU) in Bundestag spoke against the treaty and Bundesrat voted against the treaty even two times. The treaty was approved unanimously in Federal Assembly of Czechoslovakia, nevertheless speeches of each deputies was used mainly for proclamation of own interpretation of some provisions of the treaty. It can be stated that the Prague Treaty...
Germany as "dividual actor" on the case of Nord Stream project
Bundová, Klára ; Nigrin, Tomáš (advisor) ; Handl, Vladimír (referee)
This Master thesis examines the German foreign energy policy with focus on the German- Russian energy cooperation and the pipeline projects Nord Stream I and II. It seeks to analyze inconsistencies or even contradictions in the German foreign policy regarding the Nord Stream project. Both strategic and business interests on one hand and value based policy on the other are present and observable. Therefore this paper works with Jakub Eberle's concept of Germany as "dividual actor" which enables us to work with the already mentioned inconsistencies. Furthermore, this approach allows us to observe "geo-economic power" aspects in German actions (favoring strategic and mostly business interests) as well as "civilian power" aspects (value based policy) and eventually to see Germany as an actor in the international relations in its complexity. This thesis therefore aims to contribute to a broader debate about German actorness and its roles in international system. Moreover, German domestic energy policy will be analyzed in order to provide us with the basis for German foreign energy policy. The main focus of this paper is on natural gas and its importance in the German energy mix as well as on German dependence on its imports. The import routes and primarily the pipeline routes Nord Stream I and II are...
Post Stalin Crises in GDR - Causes of East-German Uprising in June 1953
Partynglová, Daniela ; Nigrin, Tomáš (advisor) ; Šmidrkal, Václav (referee)
The Bachelor thesis Post-Stalin Crises in GDR - Causes of East-German Uprising of June 1953 is searching for causes of East-German Uprising of June 1953. Thesis follows the situation and international position of soviet occupation zone in Germany and German Democratic Republic (GDR) after the World War II. until the summer of 1953. The aim of thesis is to analyse the potential reasons and causes of dissatisfaction of east Germans, which lead to the supressed uprising. The thesis is also focused on the reflexion and interpretations of causes of the Uprising in former Western and Eastern blocs of Cold War. In Western Bloc and the Federal Republic of Germany was accentuated antipathy to Communist regime and its fundaments, in the Eastern Bloc and the GDR was Uprising seem such a western provocation. The thesis concludes that the reasons of protest were the disappointing social and economic conditions and the repressions. The east Germans protested in 1953 against the instruments of politics of the leading East German Party, then against fundaments of the Communist regime.
The displacement of the German population from the Šternberk area and its impact on the regional economy
Zajíc, Marek ; Šafařík, Petr (advisor) ; Nigrin, Tomáš (referee)
Abstract/Annotation The theme of this bachelor thesis is the influence of the displacement of German population from Šternberk on the local economy after 1945. The thesis deals with the state of Šternberk's economy before displacement and its development after the above mentioned year. The thesis contains statistical data on the original composition of the population and the number of trades and crafts. Furthermore, the largest employers in the city and the region are introduced. It is also stated in the individual chapters that the transformation of economy was not an exclusive issue in 1945, but was gradually taking place in different sectors. The sources I have worked with when writing the text prove that the character of the Šternberk region has been completely different from the present day for several decades. Through archival materials currently stored in Olomouc, it is possible to create a comprehensive picture of how the displacement of Šternberk Germans took place at the end of World War II. It is also evident from some of the selected sources that Šternberk and the North Moravian region were subsequently settled also by repatriates. The aim of this work is to acquaint the public with the preserved sources that provide insight into what was then happening in the North Moravian region.
The Carpathian Germans and Slovaks in the Slovak National Uprising: the end of the hundreds of years old coexistence
Krempaská, Barbora ; Kučera, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Nigrin, Tomáš (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with the events of the Slovak National Uprising, which had an impact on the coexistence of Slovaks and Carpathian Germans. The aim of the work was to find out when the Slovaks and members of the German minority were alienated so much that we could talk about the end of their coexistence, which seemed to have been without major conflicts for centuries. The Czechoslovak anti-fascist resistance culminated in the Slovak National Uprising which overthrew to the fight against the Germans in the form of persecutions and reprisals against the domestic German population. When looking for an answer to the research question, the complexity of this problem has been shown to lie, in particular, in the abundance of insurgency actors and the foreign influence on the course of its events. The thesis will introduce the German minority in Slovakia and its relationship with the domestic population across history in this area, while the main part is devoted to the socio-political situation in the Slovak State in 1944 and 1945. The result of facts coming from a number of secondary literature, but also edited testimonies of the memorials are that the end of co-existence of Slovaks and Carpathian Germans really occurred at the time of the uprising.
Colonia Dignidad: (Self)Presentation and Reality. Crimes Exceeding the Borders
Uhlářová, Kateřina ; Kunštát, Miroslav (advisor) ; Nigrin, Tomáš (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with the German colony in Chile, called "Colonia Dignidad". The "Dignity" colony was a cult led by Paul Schäfer in Chile from 1961 until his escape in 1997. Throughout its existence, its leadership has committed inhuman crimes of enormous proportions. The thesis presents not only the historical background and the development of the colony, it also focuses on the personality of its leader Paul Schäfer, the inner functioning and conditions prevailing within this cult. The key element is the description of crimes committed by the colony's leadership not only on its members but also beyond its borders. This thesis also works with political and legal issues, including public opinion and awareness. The aim of the bachelor thesis is to provide the reader with comprehensive information that will help to understand the deeper context and background of the "Colonia Dignidad" case. The bachelor thesis is processed chronologically. It brings an analysis of the themes associated with Colonia Dignidad and introduces the facts that - due to the low awareness and unavailability of adequate resources in the Czech Republic - the ordinary reader cannot simply get acquainted with. Individual chapters are devoted to individual topics. The bachelor thesis is divided into chapters dealing with...

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