National Repository of Grey Literature 66 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The influence of the expulsion and replacement of Sudeten Germans in Kraslice
Banzl, Marcel ; Nigrin, Tomáš (advisor) ; Šmidrkal, Václav (referee)
This bachelor's thesis deals with the effect of the forced expulsion of Germans from the town of Kraslice, and the replacement of the original population with newly arrived colonists from then-Czechoslovakia and other Eastern European countries in the 20th century. The introductory chapters provide historical context by describing Kraslice's history and the town's most prominent cultural and economic characteristics, and describe the process of expulsion in Kraslice. The core of the thesis is dedicated to both the short-term and long-term effects of population replacement. The post-war change in the local economy was mostly driven by the consolidation of pre-existing German businesses into two state-controlled companies, whose continuing function was key to the town's success. This transformation is therefore described with regards to its effects on Kraslice up to the present day. Due to strong anti-German sentiment after WWII, Kraslice's original culture was entirely wiped out (both figuratively and literally, as exemplified by the destruction of historical buildings) and replaced by the state-sanctioned "Slavic" culture, which was in reality a front for communist propaganda. For this reason, this thesis also details the absence of any cultural ties today's Kraslice has to the hundreds of years of...
Foreign Workers and their impact on the Federal Republic of Germany
Kodýdková, Daniela ; Nigrin, Tomáš (advisor) ; Mlsna, Petr (referee)
Kodýdková Daniela, Ausländische Arbeitskräfte und ihre Bedeutung für die BRD Abstract This bachelor work with the title "Ausländische Arbeitskräfte und ihre Bedeutung für die BRD" (in English: Foreign Workers and their meaning for the Federal Republic of Germany) is dedicated in its theoretical part to the topic of the recruitment of foreign workers to the Federal Republic of Germany from economically weaker European countries like Italy, Spain, Greece, Portugal, Yugoslavia, and later also from countries that neither geographically nor politically belong to Europe (Turkey, Morocco and Tunisia), in the period of time from the middle of the fifties until the recruitment ban in 1973, and also to its causes and consequences. The analytical section examines the meaning or benefit of the recruitment and presence of the foreign workers. However, there were not only positive aspects connected as was awaited at the beginning of the recruitment especially in the economic sphere. Not all the foreign workers wanted to return back to their home countries after earning expected living and these who stayed in Germany became, after the recruitment ban, real immigrants with the vision of a long-term stay. In the chapter entitled Schlussfolgerung there is the comparison of the positive and negative impacts of the foreign...
Populist Parties in German Speaking Countries - Case Study Using the Examples of Alternative for Germany and Freedom Party of Austria in 2013-2017.
Částková, Markéta ; Nigrin, Tomáš (advisor) ; Handl, Vladimír (referee)
In recent decades, we have witnessed a sharp increase in the preferences of populist parties across Europe. These parties gain votes not only in the east, but also in the west. In many countries, populists participate in the government. This trend also affected the German- speaking countries. This bachelor thesis deals with populist parties in German-speaking countries on the example of Alternative for Germany and Freedom Party of Austria. Although they may appear to be two completely different parties, the topics of their programmes in recent years has been approaching. It seems to be a direct call to question the similarity of these two parties, considering their history, development and topics. The aim of the thesis is to characterize the Alternative for Germany and the Freedom Party of Austria from the point of view of the history and ideology of the parties, using the compilation of research findings in the field of (right-wing) populism. The thesis also deals with the parties programmes from the years 2013 and 2017, whose analysis focuses mainly on the following issues: European politics, economic policy, social policy, immigration and integration policy and the introduction of direct democracy. The result of the electoral programmes analysis is an overview of thematic intersections of the...
The German Energiewende: Consensual Process ?
Slaba, Martin ; Nigrin, Tomáš (advisor) ; Svobodová, Tereza (referee)
This bachelor thesis examines two very important subparts of the German energy revolution called Energiewende, specifically the level of consensus of the population with the costs of the whole transformation reflected in rising electricity prices and the necessity of expanding and building new power grid sections. The coalition government of SPD and the Greens, which led the state in years 1998-2005 started the whole process by announcing the nuclear phase-out of German Federal Republic and by implementing a renewable energy law (Erneubare Energien Gesetz, EEG) that serves as an instrument through which the renewable energy sources are being subsidized. The law lays all the burden on the final consumer, namely the households and companies, through an electricity surcharge. This surcharge has increased significantly since the year 2000, making the German electricity prices the highest in Europe. Thanks to its massive support, the number of renewable energy sources has risen to a rate, for which the transmission system operators were not prepared. It is obvious that in order to successfully continue with the Energiewende, the power grid has to be expanded. While the consensus of the population with these subparts is crucial, it is useful to know its levels. This thesis comes to the conclusion that...
The rise and fall of the SPD: the development of electoral preferences under Martin Schulz's leadership
Vlkovičová, Natália ; Filipová, Lucie (advisor) ; Nigrin, Tomáš (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with the development of German Social Democratic Party's (SPD) preferences during the leadership of Martin Schulz in 2017. Immediately after announcing his candidacy to the office of the German chancellor at the end of January 2017, the popularity of Social Democrats in public opinion polls increased rapidly. However, over the next eight months, it dropped to the same level as before Schulz's arrival, i. 20 %. A similar result was reached by the party in the federal elections in September 2017. The thesis outlines the development of SPD preferences within a limited period of time based on data from political opinion polls and their interpretation using articles from news magazine Der Spiegel. The thesis is divided into three chapters, the first one is dealing with the party's previous political development and the emergence of its crisis, and also contains a professional CV of Martin Schulz. In the second chapter there are graphically processed data from surveys of seven different agencies in the monitored time period. The third chapter contains an interpretation of the results of the second chapter based on the articles of the weekly Der Spiegel, as well as an analysis of why this sudden increase of the popularity occurred and for what reasons it did not translate into...
The impact of new social movements on development of West Berlin on the example of the SO 36 initiative in the Kreuzberg district
Kneřová, Alžběta Klára ; Šafařík, Petr (advisor) ; Nigrin, Tomáš (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with the influence of new social movements on the development of West Berlin with emphasis on the Kreuzberg district and the SO 36 citizen initiative in the time period from 1979 to 1984. The main aim of the thesis is to answer questions on how the new social movements influenced the urban and the housing policy of West Berlin, and what steps the members of the Kreuzberg social movements have taken to change it apart from the physical occupation of houses. In a wider context, the thesis deals with new social movements in Germany, mainly with squatting in West Berlin. The thesis is also devoted to West Berlin's Kreuzberg district and its development after the construction of the Berlin Wall until the beginning of the squatting wave in the late 1970s, including a description of the then urban policy. The central focus of the thesis is the SO 36 citizen initiative that contributed to the creation of the squatting wave in Kreuzberg and other parts of West Berlin by the first occupations of vacant houses in order to repair them. The paper analyses different ways in which the members of the initiative tried to influence the urban and housing policy of the time, such as publishing their own monthly newspaper or information leaflets. In addition, the thesis deals with the...
Transparency in postwar parliamentary architecture in Germany
Novotný, Daniel ; Nigrin, Tomáš (advisor) ; Emler, David (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with transparency in parliamentary architecture in Germany from foundation of the Federal republic in 1949 to the present. The aim of this thesis is following of efforts to distance themselves from the Nazi past in the leitmotif of parliamentary architecture and following this thesis deals with how a concept of transparency manifested and how was related to the idea of functioning of German democracy. The method of this work is qualitative content analysis of available text material. Thesis is divided into chapters that are chronologically built according to main three parliament constructions in postwar era and subsequently examines parliament buildings on local level. Based on the submitted observation, it concludes that new architecture style of parliament building was built and creates break with Nazi architecture and this concept is characterized by connection of quality of glass material and character of German democracy. This concept finds its roots in early imminently in aftermath of World War II and despite other important events in German history, this concept continues to be leading characteristic of state buildings, because it reflects functioning of German democracy.
The Helsinki process and it's impact on the regime oposition in GDR and ČSSR
Jeřábková, Anna ; Nigrin, Tomáš (advisor) ; Kučera, Jaroslav (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with the opposition movement in the former Czechoslovak Socialistic Republic and the German Democratic Republic and aims at their comparison after signing the Helsinki Final Act of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe. This Helsinki Accords committed both states to the observance of human rights. In the first part of the thesis the approaches of different authors to use the term of opposition and dissent are defined. The second part primarily outlines the international situation after the World War II and mentions the need for a European Security Conference, which after all led to the CSCE. In the third part, the opposition movements in both states are presented, and it is investigated how the situation of the opposition in both countries was influenced by the Helsinki process. The Charter 77 was quickly formed in Czechoslovakia. It referred to the commitments made in the Helsinki Final Act in its statement. The development was slower in the GDR. There was a stable opposition from the circle of the Evangelical Church, and mainly addressed was the peace question. The Human Rights Movement was inspired by the Czechoslovak Charter 77 and it began to emerge only in the second half of the eighties. This indicates that the development of the opposition movement...
The dialog in time of political tension: Czech-Bavarian town-twinning after 1989
Semerádová, Adéla ; Nigrin, Tomáš (advisor) ; Filipová, Lucie (referee)
Town-twinning is a way of international cooperation between self-governments at the local level. The town-twinning is based on regular meetings of town representatives and citizens. The other type of international cooperation is the cross-border cooperation that points at common solution of problems in particular border area. The main aim of the town-twinning is information and experience exchange, arrangement of common cultural and sport events, school cooperation and language skills improvement. Thanks to the involvement of citizens in town-twinning activities, the mutual prejudices are eliminated and relations improved. The diploma thesis analyses the town-twinning between Prague and Nuremberg (Nürnberg), Pilsen and Regensburg, Domažlice and Furth im Wald. Thanks to the partnership, the towns and cities can advance their own interests in foreign policy by methods of public diplomacy and paradiplomacy regardless the relations between country governments. The improvement of international relations thanks to the town-twinning can be represented by the relationship between the Czech Republic and the Free State of Bavaria, where the twin towns were constituted without regard to the official policy of the country or the federal state. These contacts at the governmental level were very influenced by...
Comparison of Nuclear Phase-outs in Germany in 2002 and 2011
Štichová, Patricie ; Nigrin, Tomáš (advisor) ; Mlsna, Petr (referee)
The work deals with the two German nuclear power phase-out plans (ie. Atomausstieg) conducted in 2002 and 2011. The aim is to compare the nuclear policies of the red-green (governed 1998-2005) and the black-yellow coalition (governed 2009-2013) in relation to the abandonment of nuclear power as an energy source and to find differences in the aspects of policies that these governments implemented. Comparison of elected political decisions of the government is examined on the basis of several criteria like the method which have been the applied on the abandonment of nuclear energy, the speed of the phase-out, the motivation for this step and short-term impacts of governmental policies in the field of nuclear energy on the structure of electricity production in Germany. In this work it was found that despite some differences, such as (non)cooperation with energy concerns, the motivation for the nuclear power phase-out, the speed of switching off of the nuclear power plants, or the legal implications, final form of a phase-out done by the black-yellow coalition is in its basic essence very similar to the original intention. This can be explained by Angela Merkel's emphasis on pragmatic way of conducting politics that leads to a prolonged centrist position and popular support of her party CDU/CSU.

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