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Criminal custody as an ultima ratio instrument
Nekolová, Petra ; Galovcová, Ingrid (advisor) ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (referee)
Criminal custody as an ultima ratio instrument This thesis deals with a criminal custody which is considered as the most serious instrument within criminal procedural security measures which should be used by law enforcement authorities only in the most extreme cases when all of the legal conditions are strictly fulfilled. One of the purposes of this thesis is to explicate, through personal freedom and presumption of innocence both guaranteed by the Czech Constitution and both significantly affected by custody, the importance of using this instrument only in situations without any other solution when is impossible to reach the purpose of criminal proceedings by using some of the more lenient measures, it means to use the custody just as an ultima ratio instrument. A crucial part of this thesis pays attention to the individual legal conditions of current effective legislation that should ensure observance of this principle also in practice. In the mentioned part the procedure of the authorities deciding on custody is analysed in detail that authorities firstly must resolve the question if the prosecution of a specific person is justified and if a certain specific degree of suspicion is achieved proving that this one perpetrated an offence. After that is necessary to investigate the existence of...

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