National Repository of Grey Literature 25 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The design of eye-lens simulator
Špaček, Matěj ; Rebenda, David (referee) ; Nečas, David (advisor)
The aim of this bachelor thesis is a design of an eye-lens simulator. Tribometer module in pin-on-ring configuration was designed to allow direct observation of a contact zone. The survey of existing tribometers was conducted as a part of the thesis, based on which, three concept solutions were suggested. Final solution of the module was chosen and designed based on the concepts. The apparatus enables to simulate conditions of real human eye so it could contribute to a contact lens research and eye lubrication solution development.
The effect of surface condition of artificial joint cup on the friction coefficient
Černohlávek, Mikuláš ; Dočkal, Kryštof (referee) ; Nečas, David (advisor)
This bachelor’s thesis deals with the effect of microtextured surface of an artificial joint cup on a friction coefficient. The primary aim of this thesis was to compare friction coefficients of original and microtextured joint cups. Experimental measurements were made on pendulum hip joint simulator and results were evaluated in Matlab. Four types of femoral heads (CoCrMo, BIOLOX Delta, BIOLOX Forte and oxinium) and three types of lubricants (PBS, model synovial fluid and hyaluronic acid solution) were used during the measurements. The results show, that using PBS and synovial fluid leads to decrease of the coefficient of friction while using modified joint cup. We can assume that microtextured surface of artificial joint cup (separately or in combination with microtextured femoral head) could be a significant benefit for prolonging lifespan of implants.
The effect of synovial fluid composition on friction of joint cartilage
Furmann, Denis ; Daniel, Matej (referee) ; Nečas, David (advisor)
This thesis deals with the study of the effect of the constituents of the model synovial fluid on the frictional properties of articular cartilage. The influence of constituents, concentration, speed and load is observed. Experiments were performed on a commercial tribometer at configuration pin-on-plate. Several types of lubricants containing synovial fluid constituents have been selected for the experiments. Lubricants were prepared at two concentrations, the concentration of healthy individuals and at a concentration typical of for osteoarthritic patients. Speeds 5 and 10 mm/s and 5 and 10 N loads were used for all experiments. It is shown that when using only lubricant containing proteins, no difference in the coefficient of friction is observed and the effect of concentration is also not observed. The addition of hyaluronic acid has a synergistic effect with -globulin, however in the case of lubricants containing albumin, the effect is opposite. After the addition of phospholipids, no significant effect on friction is observed in -globulin containing lubricants. No significant effect of the composition and concentration of the lubricants is observed with the load change.
Educational exercises for finite element method lectures
Sovadina, František ; Vrbka, Martin (referee) ; Nečas, David (advisor)
This work is concerned with mapping of exercises for teaching Finite Element Method (FEM) at Czech as well as foreign universities. The first part reviews exercises on FEM in use at Czech and foreign universities, which might be used for teaching FEM at the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Brno in the future. Based on the analyzed material, the aim of the second part of this work was to create a new assignment of an exercise together with its model calculation in ANSYS. The results were then proved through an experiment on a physical model.
Analysis of THR lubrication with the use of fluorescent microscopy
Tkadlec, Tadeáš ; Daniel, Matej (referee) ; Nečas, David (advisor)
This diploma thesis deals with an experimental analysis of lubrication of total hip joint replacement using fluorescence microscopy, focusing on so-called soft bearing pairs. Experiments were realized using a hip joint simulator, which was modified and refined for fluorescence microscopy. The aim of this diploma thesis was to determine the effect of the individual components of the synovial fluid on the lubrication mechanisms. For this purpose, different model fluids were designed to represent the composition of proteins and other synovial fluid constituents to elucidate the effect of albumin, -globulin and hyaluronic acid on the resulting lubrication performance. The experiments were separate into two categories different in type of load, dynamic (representative walking) and combined (representing standing with short walk). The experimental results were time-dependent fluorescence intensity values, representing dimensionless film thickness parameters. The values were recorded on the graphs and supplemented with fluorescence images taken during the characteristic sections of the measurements. The measured data was subsequently confronted with previously published articles. It was found that the dominant constituent responsible form film thickness is albumin, while -globulin and hyaluronic acid forms thin stable layer enhancing adsorption ability of albumin which contributes to increase of film thickness eventually.
Experimental rig for study of lubricant film in compliant contact of oil seal using fluorescence technique
Michalec, Michal ; Nečas, David (referee) ; Dočkal, Kryštof (advisor)
The thesis deals with design of the device that is used for observation of lubricant film thickness in line, compliant contact of rotary lip seal. The problem is, that with use of components made from standard materials, it is not possible to look inside their contact. Therefore, it is necessary to replace one body by optical transparent material, that will allow the insight into the contact using existing equipment, which is fluorescence microscope. In theoretical part are described issues of lubrication and observing method of fluorescence. Based on findings, there was designed a device allowing observation of lubricant behaviour. The last part of thesis describes modified design of existing equipment and individual components in detail. Functionality of designed experimental rig was verified by experiments using of R834/80 mineral oil.
Biotribology of articular cartilage
Furmann, Denis ; Látal, Roman (referee) ; Nečas, David (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with biotribology of articular cartilage. The first part deals with the analysis of individual building components of cartilage. Another part is devoted to the definition of the tribological properties of cartilage with regard to friction, wear and lubrication. The thesis also briefly analyses selected publications dealing with articular cartilage biotribology. Two hypotheses have been formulated and verified on the basis of the processed articles. Will the friction coefficient fall at a higher load? Will the friction coefficient increase at higher speed? It has been experimentally confirmed that the friction coefficient value increases with increasing speed and decreasing load.
Lubricant film formation in compliant contact
Jaroš, Tomáš ; Čermák, Jan (referee) ; Nečas, David (advisor)
This diploma thesis deals with the study of film formation in compliant contact. Primary attention is dedicated to the influence of the entrainment speed and slide-to-roll ratio (SRR) on the central film thickness. Based on a research study of the available experimental methods, the fluorescence microscopy was used to achieve the aim of the work. Experiments were realized in ball-on-disk configuration. Firstly, a validation of the method was performed where the solid contact of the ceramic ball and the glass disk was analyzed. Since the measured values were in a good agreement with the theoretical prediction, a ball of NBR rubber material, which is commonly used for production of lip seals and o-rings, was subsequently used. The experimental measurements were performed under pure rolling and rolling/sliding conditions when the entrainment speeds varied in the range from 10 to 400 mm / s. A constant load of 0.2 N was applied. The measured data were then compared to the theoretical predictions for compliant contacts. The results showed that the thickness of the lubricating film gradually increases with increasing entrainment speed, which corresponds to theoretical assumption. Against expectations, evident influence of SRR on the film formation has been observed. In the last part of the thesis the measured data are confronted with previously published studies. Finally, some limitations of this study are discussed and recommendations for further improvement of the used experimental method are suggested.
Reactions of Alkenes Iniciated by Transition Metals Alkyls and Hydrides
Nečas, David
Reactions of Alkenes Iniciated by Transition Metals Alkyls and Hydrides David Nečas Department of Organic and Nuclear Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Hlavova 8, 128 40 Prague 2, Czech Republic. Keywords: C-C bond cleavage, C-C bond formation, Nickel, catalysis The C-C bond activation (cleavage) as well as the C-C bond formation under mild and simple reaction conditions are intensively sought after processes. In the course of this thesis new nickel based catalytic system was found suitable for formation of C-C bonds (cyclization of α,ω-dienes) and for cleavage of unactivated C-C bonds in allyl malonates and related compounds. Mechanistic and structural aspects of these reactions are also discussed as well as a relation of C-C bond formation (cyclization) to the C-C bond cleavage (deallylation). This work was supported by FRVŠ No. 42-202755, MŠMT No. 1M0508 Centre for New Antivirals and Antineoplastics, MŠMT No. LC 06070 Center for Structural and Synthetic Application of Transition Metal Complexes and is a part of the Research Project MSM0021620857.
Reactions of Alkenes Iniciated by Transition Metals Alkyls and Hydrides
Nečas, David ; Kotora, Martin (advisor) ; Jindřich, Jindřich (referee) ; Starý, Ivo (referee) ; Mazal, Ctibor (referee)
l0 5. Conclusion 1) The first and practical catalýic method for smooth deallylation of 2-substituted-2-allylmalonates to 2-substituted malonates via selective cleavage of the C-C bond under mild reaction conditions has been developed' The reaction seems to be general with respect to the transition-metal complexes; however, the comparison of Ru and Ni catalysts indicates considerable differences in their specific activity and selectiviý. Last but not least, the smooth deallylation offers an opportuniý to use the allyl group as an effective protective group for acidic hydrogen of malonic esters. 2) It has been shown that it is possible to re-route the course of the reaction from c{ bond cleavage (deallylation) to c{ bond formation (cyclization) in Ni hydride cataryzed, reactions by a change in the amount of organoaluminium. It proceeded in high yields even in cases where deallylation could compete with cyclization (e.g. diallylmalonate, etc.) in high selectiviý. In addition, generation of Ni hydride species in sinr provides an effective means for fast and selective cyclization of variously substituted 1,6- heptadienes to cyclopentanes. Moreover, it is possible exert certain level of control for the preferential formation of methylidene(methyl)cyclopentanes or cyclopentenes by the appropriate choice of thb...

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2 Nečas, Dalibor
1 Nečas, Daniel
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