National Repository of Grey Literature 2 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Thin-film catalysts for proton exchange membrane water electrolyzers and unitized regenerative fuel cells
Kúš, Peter ; Matolín, Vladimír (advisor) ; Napporn, Teko Wilhelmin (referee) ; Plecenik, Tomáš (referee)
This dissertation thesis revolves around hydrogen economy and energy-storage electrochemical systems. More specifically, it investigates the possibility of using magnetron sputtering for deposition of efficient thin-film anode catalysts with low noble metal content for proton exchange membrane water electrolyzers (PEM-WEs) and unitized regenerative fuel cells (PEM-URFCs). The motivation for this research derives from the urgent need of minimizing the price of mentioned electrochemical devices should they enter mass production. Numerous experiments were carried out, correlating the actual in-cell performance with the varying position of thin-film catalyst within the membrane electrode assembly, with the composition of high-surface support sublayer and with the chemical structure of the catalyst itself. The wide arsenal of analytical methods ranging from electrochemical impedance spectroscopy through scanning electron microscopy to photoelectron spectroscopy allowed us to describe complex phenomena behind different obtained efficiencies. Consequent systematic optimizations led to the design of novel PEM-WE anode thin-film iridium catalyst with thickness of just 50 nm, supported on optimized TiC-based sublayer which performed similarly to standard counterparts despite using just a fraction of their noble metal...
Investigation of new catalysts for polymer membrane fuel cells
Fiala, Roman ; Matolín, Vladimír (advisor) ; Bystroň, Tomáš (referee) ; Napporn, Teko Wilhelmin (referee)
Fuel cells are a promising alternate power source of electricity. Despite of sig- nificant improvement that was reached by research throughout recent decades, the technology is not still ready to large scale commercial use. The catalyst of fuel cell (FC) should be still investigated due to fact that the only reliable functional catalyst is Platinum, a noble and expensive metal, which makes the use of this technology not competitive. In this thesis, investigation of Platinum doped ceria catalyst and its modification prepared by physical technique of deposition which is magnetron sputtering is presented. The catalyst was studied using standard sur- face analytic techniques (PES, SEM, AFM, XANES) as well as electrochemical measurement (CV, PEIS). The principal part of this thesis reports direct analyses of catalyst in fuel cell using an individually designed fuel cell test station. Con- sidering the high power density (PD) about 1 W cm−2 and substantially higher specific power per gram of Platinum (SP) 1.6 kW mg−1 in comparison with com- mercial Pt-Ru/Pt-C reference catalyst and additionally the relatively longtime stability, the sputtered Platinum doped cerium oxide based catalyst was found a suitable catalyst for PEM FC. Moreover, possible substitution of Pt and CeO2 by other elements was shown. Beside of...

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