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Raman microspectroscopy of living cells and biological tissues
Moudříková, Šárka ; Mojzeš, Peter (advisor) ; Matthäus, Christian (referee) ; Samek, Ota (referee)
Title: Raman microspectroscopy of living cells and biological tissues Author: Šárka Moudříková Department / Institute: Institute of Physics of Charles University Supervisor of the doctoral thesis: doc. RNDr. Peter Mojzeš, CSc., Institute of Physics of Charles University Abstract: Raman microscopy combines Raman spectroscopy with optical confocal microscopy and thus provides information on chemical composition of a sample with a µm3 resolution. In this thesis, Raman microscopy has been used to study microalgae-unicellular photosynthetic organisms that are greatly relevant for the Earth's environment as well as for biotechnological applications. Raman microscopy of photosynthetic organisms struggles with a highly intensive background of the spectra, which is formed by fluorescence of cellular photosynthetic apparatus. In this thesis, we have developed a fast and reliable photobleaching method that suppresses the unwanted background; this method has enabled us to study intracellular distribution of algal biomolecules such as proteins, starch, lipids and polyphosphate. We have investigated an evolution of these structures during a cell cycle of a model microalga Desmodesmus quadricauda. Next, we have developed a method for quantitative analysis of polyphosphate in a cellular culture of a microalga Chlorella...

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