National Repository of Grey Literature 16 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Regional yield forecasting for improved decision making in the plant production
Trnka, Miroslav ; Hlavinka, Petr ; Kudláčková, Lucie ; Balek, Jan ; Meitner, Jan ; Možný, Martin ; Štěpánek, Petr ; Bartošová, Lenka ; Semerádová, Daniela ; Bláhová, Monika ; Lukas, Vojtěch ; Žalud, Zdeněk
The methodology describes how to predict yields of key crops, and at the same time addresses reliability of the predictions and how these can be used. The ability to predict yield levels more than 2 months prior the harvest on the level of regions (NUTS3¨) and districts (LAU1) brings also new opportunities to mitigate impacts of adverse conditions. The methodology shows that the yield forecasts and yield anomalies in particular are consistent and usable in practices. In this methodology, the results of 2018 yield forecasts are presented as an example. The yield forecasting system for the Czech Republic is fully functional and is and will be available through www.vynosy-plodin.cz.
Evaluating drought risk for permanent grasslands under present and future climate conditions
Trnka, Miroslav ; Schaumberger, A. ; Formayer, H. ; Eitzinger, Josef ; Hlavinka, Petr ; Semerádová, Daniela ; Dubrovský, Martin ; Možný, M. ; Thaler, S. ; Žalud, Zdeněk
Over the past years, the changing climate has affected parts of Czech Republic and Austria by drought spells of the intensity and extend that was unprecedented in previous decades. These events had a significant impact on agricultural areas, especially on the grasslands. The idea behind the GIS monitoring relies on hypothesis that the effect of weather and climate conditions on the grassland production can be estimated by models that describe certain natural processes in a simplified manner and in spatialized form.
System for monitoring and forecast of impacts of agricultural drought
Trnka, Miroslav ; Štěpánek, Petr ; Chuchma, F. ; Možný, M. ; Bartošová, Lenka ; Hlavinka, Petr ; Balek, Jan ; Zahradníček, Pavel ; Skalák, Petr ; Farda, Aleš ; Semerádová, Daniela ; Meitner, Jan ; Bláhová, M. ; Fiala, R. ; Žalud, Zdeněk
The methodology describes how to predict soil moisture and drought intensity, and at the same time addresses reliability of the predictions and how these can be used. The ability to predict soil moisture values over a period of up to 9 days is presented through using ensemble of models for numerical weather forecasts. This method brings also new opportunities to mitigate impacts during drought events by farmers using such forecasting tools. With regard to the relatively high predictability of soil moisture and drought intensity, the methodology introduces the basic procedures and provides necessary information for the users. In this methodology, the results of 2017 drought event are presented as an example. The drought forecasting system for the Czech Republic is fully functional and is and will be available through www.intersucho.cz.
Drought monitor for the Czech Republic-www.intersucho.cz
Trnka, Miroslav ; Hlavinka, Petr ; Semerádová, Daniela ; Balek, Jan ; Možný, M. ; Štěpánek, Petr ; Zahradníček, Pavel ; Hayes, M. ; Eitzinger, Josef ; Žalud, Zdeněk
Because drought and its impacts are among the worst hydrometeorological extremes (including also Central European conditions), the aim of this paper is to describe the core and use of the Integrated drought monitoring system for the Czech Republic. Land-use, information about soil, vegetation characteristics and meteorological data are used as inputs to validated water balance SoilClim model, which is applied for estimates of actual and reference evapotranspiration and water saturation of the soil profile in % or soil moisture content in mm. Moreover the prognosis of expected soil moisture (based on probabilistic analysis) is calculated for next 1, 2, 4 and 8 weeks. Main results are weekly updated in form of drought occurrence maps, which are published in spatial resolution 500 m for whole territory of the Czech Republic and for all its 76 districts separately. Final maps with detail comments are available at drought topic dedicated web page (ANONYM 3 2014).
Drivers of soil moisture trends in the Czech Republic between 1961 and 2012
Trnka, M. ; Brázdil, R. ; Balek, J. ; Semerádová, D. ; Hlavinka, P. ; Možný, M. ; Štěpánek, P. ; Dobrovolný, P. ; Zahradníček, P. ; Dubrovský, Martin ; Eitzinger, J. ; Fuchs, B. ; Svoboda, M. ; Hayes, M. ; Žalud, Z.
Soil moisture dynamics and their temporal trends in the Czech Republic are forced by various drivers. Our analysis of temporal trends indicates that shifts in drought severity between 1961 and 2012 and especially in the April, May, and June period, which displayed such results as a 50% increase in drought probability during 1961–1980 in comparison to 2001–2012. We found that increased global radiation and air temperature together with decreased relative humidity (all statistically significant at p < 0.05) led to increases in the reference evapotranspiration in all months of the growing season; this trend was particularly evident in April, May, and August, when more than 80% of the territory displayed an increased demand for soil water. These changes, in combination with the earlier end of snow cover and the earlier start of the growing season (up to 20 days in some regions), led to increased actual evapotranspiration at the start of the growing season that tended to deplete the soil moisture earlier, leaving the soil more exposed to the impacts of rainfall variability. These results support concerns related to the potentially increased severity of drought events in Central Europe. The reported trend patterns are of particular importance with respect to expected climate change, given the robustness and consistency of the trends shown and the fact that they can be aligned with the existing climate model projections. Introduction
Founding of a Small Company - Milk Bar
Možný, Michal ; Večeřa, Karel (referee) ; Koráb, Vojtěch (advisor)
Main goal of this thesis is to create realistic business plan for small milk bar in Kuřim. Basic terms, definitions of used analyses and detailed description of business plan are described in the theoretical part of this thesis. The practical part is focused on choosing the suitable market by using proper analysis and creating the actual business plan for milk bar.
Drivers of soil moisture trends in the Czech Republic between 1961 and 2012
Trnka, Miroslav ; Brázdil, Rudolf ; Balek, J. ; Semerádová, Daniela ; Hlavinka, Petr ; Možný, M. ; Štěpánek, Petr ; Dobrovolný, Petr ; Zahradníček, Pavel ; Dubrovský, Martin ; Eitzinger, Josef ; Fuchs, B. ; Svoboda, M. ; Hayes, M. ; Žalud, Zdeněk
Soil moisture dynamics and their temporal trends in the Czech Republic are forced by various drivers. Our analysis of temporal trends indicates that shifts in drought severity between 1961 and 2012 and especially in the April, May, and June period, which displayed such results as a 50% increase in drought probability during 1961–1980 in comparison to 2001–2012. We found that increased global radiation and air temperature together with decreased relative humidity (all statistically significant at p < 0.05) led to increases in the reference evapotranspiration in all months of the growing season; this trend was particularly evident in April, May, and August, when more than 80% of the territory displayed an increased demand for soil water. These changes, in combination with the earlier end of snow cover and the earlier start of the growing season (up to 20 days in some regions), led to increased actual evapotranspiration at the start of the growing season that tended to deplete the soil moisture earlier, leaving the soil more exposed to the impacts of rainfall variability. These results support concerns related to the potentially increased severity of drought events in Central Europe. The reported trend patterns are of particular importance with respect to expected climate change, given the robustness and consistency of the trends shown and the fact that they can be aligned with the existing climate model projections. Introduction
Are there any changes in the beginning of flowering of important allergens in the Czech Republic?
Bartošová, Lenka ; Hájková, L. ; Kožnarová, V. ; Možný, M. ; Trnka, Miroslav ; Žalud, Z.
Phenological observations have a long tradition in the Czech Republic; the first phenological notes were taken in the 18th century. Within the entire phenological observation network of the Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, 45 plant species can be observed. These include perennial herbs, grass, and ground bushes growing wildly. Some observed species are among the group of so-called allergens, e.g. silver birch (Betula pendula Roth), cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata L.), and meadow foxtail (Alopecurus pratensis L.). In this paper, we evaluated the phenological phase beginning of flowering for two of the aforementioned plants at the Mlýny, Chřibská research site (50°52’N, 14°29’E, 350 m a.s.l.). The aim was to assess which meteorological parameters influence phenological onsets as well as to analyze shifts in phenophase onset dates and temperature trends during 1959–2014. During this period, for B. pendula the average date of beginning of flowering was 28 April with a standard deviation of 10 days and for A. pratensis it was 20 May with a standard deviation of 8 days. The studied species are allergens and their timing and phenological shifting during the spring and their relationship with climate parameters may provide important information for forecasts as part of a pollen warning service.
Phenological response of flood-plain forest ecosystem during 1961-2011
Bartošová, Lenka ; Trnka, Miroslav ; Bauer, Z. ; Štěpánek, P. ; Možný, M. ; Žalud, Zdeněk
The presented study is focused on 50 years of phenological observations (1961–2011) of the herbs, shrubs, trees and bird populations and the phenological phases that create a continuous phenological sequence covering the whole spring aspect of the fl oodplain forest ecosystem. Th e phenological phases were observed for 5 herbs, 5 shrubs, 3 trees and 2 bird species. Th e phenological phases were observed as precisely as possible by only one observer during the whole time of observation. All observed plants and bird species showed statistically signifi cant shift s to the earlier time but the rate of shift ing among the parts of the fl ood-plain forest ecosystem was diff erent. Th e most progressive shift s were detected for herbs (the rate of shift ing was on average 13.9 days), followed by shrubs (phenophases advanced by 11.3 days on average), trees (phenophases advanced by 10.2 days) and fi nally by bird species (phenophases advanced by 9.6 days on average). Consequently the length of overlap of the chosen phenological phases was elaborated. Th e rate of shortening or lengthening of the overlap diff ers among all parts of the ecosystem and indicates not only the separation of phenophases but also no statistically signifi cant change in the length of overlap in each part of the ecosystem.
Temporal Evolution of Dry and Wet Conditions in the Czech Republic During the Growing Season
Potop, V. ; Boroneant, C. ; Možný, Martin ; Štěpánek, Petr ; Skalák, Petr
In the present study, the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI) was adopted to assess temporal evolution of wet and dry months during growing season (April to September) in the Czech Republic based on a dense network of 184 climatological stations for the period 1961–2010. The SPEI were calculated with various lags, 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 months because the drought at these time scales is relevant for agricultural, hydrological and socio-economic impact, respectively. To assess the temporal evolution of dry and wet conditions during the growing season, first, the monthly time series of the SPEI for the months April to September were averaged at each station for each SPEI accumulation period (1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 months, respectively). Then, these SPEI time series were averaged over all 184 stations to get a time series of drought index at country level. The temporal evolution of the SPEI with one month lag represents the year by year moisture characteristic of the current growing season. In this respect, at country level, during the second half of the 20th century and the first decade of 21st century, the hierarchy of the driest years during the growing season was 2003, followed by 1992, 2000, 1983, 1982, 1976, 2009 and 1999. On the other hand, the wettest years during the growing seasons were 1965, 2010, 1977, 1996, 1966, 2001, 1972, 1980 and 1995.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 16 records found   1 - 10next  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
3 Možný, Martin
2 Možný, Michal
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