National Repository of Grey Literature 10 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Artificial Vocal Folds for Source Voice Generation
Vašek, Martin ; Vampola, Tomáš (referee) ; Kamenický, Ján (referee) ; Mišun, Vojtěch (advisor)
The first part of this work focuses on ways to replace missing source voice in case of patients after total laryngectomy. The commonly used methods of voice rehabilitation are mentioned. Simple computational models are used to explore several principles of generating artificial source voice. Based on the knowledge of how a healthy human voice is generated, one of the ways to generate artificial source voice was chosen – a reed-based element in the configuration (-, +). The function of the reed-based element is based on a periodic bending of the reed and in the airflow cutoff created by this motion. The (-,+) configuration of the reed-based element causes a different behaviour, when compared to healthy vocal folds, important is, however, whether the generated acoustic signal has the right spectral characteristics, which enable the generation of voiced vowels of the human speech. Both experimental and computational models are used to study the behaviour of the reed-based element. The design of the experimental model is based on the preliminary experiments with simple reed-based elements, which were carried out at the beginning of my studies. The new experimental model is designed in such a way, that it enables changes to the reed geometry and its position towards the reed stop. The measurements carried out on the experimental model are mainly acoustical (measurements of the generated acoustical signal), but optical measurements of the reed´s movement and position are possible and used as well. Because of the nature of the reed-based element´s behavior, the fluid structure interaction must be taken into consideration in the computational model. A two-way model of fluid structure interaction is used between the fluid part of the computational model and the structural one. A partitioned solution is used to solve the fluid-structure interaction. The effect of specific input parameters on the function of both models (experimental and computational) is monitored. The influences of input parameters on the basic frequency of the generated signal (source voice), on the stability of the function and on other important characteristics are evaluated. The final chapters focus on the design of voice prosthesis in general. Some specific issues, which need to be solved when designing voice prosthesis, are highlighted.
Noise control of computers-application of optimal sound isolation layers and fun rotation speed
Kunovský, Martin ; Mišun, Vojtěch (referee) ; Pellant, Karel (advisor)
This thesis deals with the distribution of noise in the computer case and radiation into the neighborhood. Influence of geometrical shape and size of the computer case on radiated noise from the computer was investigated as well as effect of placement of the fan. Reducing noise by using sound absorbing material into computer case and result of the suitable position of the computer in the working environment were also tested. Simulation of the noise diffusion and effectivity of anti-noise equipment was executed in Ansys FEM program.
Spectral properties of basilar membrane in the cochlea of the inner ear
Jozíf, Lukáš ; Dušek, Daniel (referee) ; Mišun, Vojtěch (advisor)
This thesis aims to verify the function of the cochlea as a spectrum analyzer based on computational modeling of macro-mechanics of the cochlea using FEM. I aim to identify the spectrum of the basilar membrane, which is dependent on the variability of geometry, material characteristics and the presence of liquid environments. Interactions between liquid and solid phases is described by fluid-structure interaction in the system ANSYS. The model is linear and does not pursue an active policy of metabolic processes. Further the work focuses on the decomposition of the sound and check of two best known hypotheses about the transmission frequency of the sound to the brain.
Sound transmission in the inner ear via round window
Kupka, Jiří ; Mišun, Vojtěch (referee) ; Pellant, Karel (advisor)
Verification of basilar mebrane function as frequency analyser in the case of pressure wave excitation. Calculate the transfer function of sound signals to the inner ear in case of interruption of the chain of ear bone. Computational modeling of the system ANSYS.
Application of modelling for noise control of computers
Nešetřil, Čeněk ; Mišun, Vojtěch (referee) ; Pellant, Karel (advisor)
The aim of this thesis is to discuss the diffusion of noise inside the personal computer and possibilities of decrease it. The results of this thesis are presented in this work. I used the Ansys FEM program for simulation of the noise diffusion and effectivity of anti-noise equipment.
Analysis of compensatory source voices after laryngectomy
Gilániová, Tereza ; Vašek, Martin (referee) ; Mišun, Vojtěch (advisor)
After removal of the vocal folds there it is necessary to deliver a compensatory source voice. Thesis is dealing with the properties of the compensatory source voice of the artificial vocal folds, the entity of this is principle of compressed air bubble.
Analysis of czech vowels to be generated aloud and in a whisper
Matug, Michal ; Vašek, Martin (referee) ; Mišun, Vojtěch (advisor)
The modal and spectral characteristic belongs among important human acoustic spaces of vocal tract. They occur at generating vowels and other acoustic aspects of human speech. We can observe the resonant phenomena of acoustic cavity of vocal tract in the human speech spectrum, primary however at vowels generation. However near vocal tract occurs series of frequency tops in the spectrum of vowels, which necessarily may not be resonant origin. That is why sometimes quite difficult assign is right frequency tops to resonant tops of acoustic cavity. It consist in operate of acoustic excitation of vocal tracts. The pronounced of vowels loudly and in a whisper has different excitation of vocal tract. At generating vowels loudly is excited by scheme of harmonic components outspread to fundamental frequency of glottis. At talking in a whisper is vocal tract excited by continuous spectrum generated by turbulent fluxion of exhaled flatus over glottis. We give a name "formant" to a frequency, at which happens to resonance of acoustic space. Aim of this work is analysis of Czech vowels formants generated loudly and in a whisper. Experimental metering of these formants was performed on human vocalic tract for all vowels. Further then on artificially created vocalic tracts for vowels A, I. Then were modal characteristics of vocal cavity for vowels A, I, tested by method of final elements with the help of computing program ANSYS. In this work were surveyed courses of acoustic pressures for individual formants, influence sizes vocal tract and influence of correct mouth opening on formants. Also has been effected computational simulation of harmonic excitation on tract by side of glottis.
Application of FME for modelling of computer noise
Zapletal, Radek ; Mišun, Vojtěch (referee) ; Pellant, Karel (advisor)
Study elaboration about noise sources in PC. Discussion about an option of noise reduction based on suitable emplacement source of noise and suitable emplacement buffer absorable layers.
Modelling of the noise emission in computers
Nešetřil, Čeněk ; Mišun, Vojtěch (referee) ; Pellant, Karel (advisor)
Elaboration of problem of the noise causes inside personal computer. Discussion about possibilities of decrease the spread of noise on the base of right choise of noise source and apllied anti-noise leyers.
Noise control of computers
Pišťáček, Karel ; Mišun, Vojtěch (referee) ; Pellant, Karel (advisor)
The discusion of the origin of noise of computers and the possibilities computer noise control. The influence of the fan speed and of the blade shape on noise level is discused and the possibillities of computer noise reduction are suggested.

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