National Repository of Grey Literature 109 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Interaction parent-child with autistic spectrum disorders
Župová, Veronika ; Šporclová, Veronika (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
The topic of this diploma thesis is Interaction between parent and child with autistic spectrum disorder. The theoretical part is about mental development neurotypical preschool child and child with ASD, focused on social skills, speech and play. Emphasis is placed on reciprocity in parent-child socio-communication interaction. Next chapter is devoted to the specifics of raising a child with ASD. Empirical part contains qualitative research to investigate individual variability in social-communication behaviour in dyadic interaction parent-child with ASD. Videos were taken from which the socio-reciprocal skills, frequency and quality of interactions and initiation of contact on the part of the child and its response to parental initiation were analysed. Special attention was paid to making eye contact. The output of the thesis is practical recommendations for mothers, detailed qualitative analyses of observed interactions and a more detailed description of the socio-communicative behaviour of children with PAS. Keywords: interaction parent-child with ASD, social skills, social reciprocity, reciprocity in social communication, reciprocal-social behavior, play of preschool child, preschool child with ASD
Role of Grandparent and Grandparent-Fosterparent: Grandparent's Parenting Styles and Shared Activities with Grandchildren
Urbančíková, Sára ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
The rigorous thesis deals with the parenting styles of grandparents and the parenting characteristics of the grandparents, who have grandchildren in foster care. The theoretical part focuses on the description of the theoretical concepts of the way of parenting, the role of the grandparent, including his part in the child's development in the family, and the specifics of the grandparent's foster care with emphasis on the raising grandchild. For the research in the empirical part was chosen intensively intensive empirical survey. Extensive research has a quantitative character and its goal was to map the grandparents' parenting styles and the shared activities of grandparents and teenage grandchildren including the relationship between these variables. Data in intensive research was obtained by a combination of qualitative and quantitative research methods with goal to describe the educational and parenting experiences of grandparents who has their teenage grandchild/grandchildren. The output of intensive research is a description of the parenting specifics of foster care provided by grandparents and development of grandchildren from the grandparent-fosterparent point of view. The final part of the thesis summarizes the results of the research, including the limits and application of the acquired...
Stressors in education
Mihalko, Martin ; Mertin, Václav (advisor) ; Šírová, Eva (referee)
5 Abstract Childhood and adolescence is no longer perceived as worriless period of life as it was in past years. This may be caused by increasing demands on individuals in school environment. The bachelor thesis points to school stress factors which cause stress reaction and may have negative impact on school success and well-being of students based on mostly foreign research studies. Long-lasting psychological distress may have negative health and psychological effect on children and adolescent especially when they do not know adequate coping strategies. Interaction and performance stressors belongs to the most intensive subcategory of school stress. The aim of the research study is to gain more empirical information about relationship between the effect of such significant school stressor such as oral examination of student in front of schoolboard and current emotional state and performance in mathematical exercise. Keywords school stressors, academic stressors, school climate, interactive stressors, pressure on academic performance
The Impact of Academic Debate on Critical Thinking Development of Adolescents
Čechová, Alena ; Morávková Krejčová, Lenka (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
Cognitive abilities in the age of adolescence reach a high standard. Critical thinking, an ability of each young individual, offers possible solutions for everyday situations as well as for complex tasks requiring an intellectual engagement. It is crucial to find new ways to support and further develop critical thinking of adolescents. The theoretical section is divided into three subsections. The first of them is based on a specification of the period of adolescence mainly focusing on the cognitive development. The second section is dedicated to critical thinking and in the last section, the academic debate as a method of education is presented. The core of this thesis is to examine the influence of debating on the development of critical thinking of adolescents. The empirical section describes a survey conducted as a part of an international survey project Evaluations. The theoretical baseline has determined three specific tasks to evaluate the gathered data. In these tasks, three groups of participants are observed and compared - debaters beginners, advanced debaters and non-debaters. Keywords: Adolescence, Debating, Cognitive development, Critical thinking.
Economic socialization: psychological aspects of money for children and adolescents
Přibilová, Kateřina ; Höschlová, Eva (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
The bachelor thesis first deals with the definition of economic socialization together with the basic concepts related to it. Attention is paid to functional and economic literacy. The theme is supplemented by educational recommendations for the development of economic literacy, as well as the current attitude of the Czech Republic to extend the educational plan in support of this area. As the economic socialization of an individual is in progress, it is explicitly explained by its developmental phases. There are also aspects of the ability to defer grace in connection with savings and pocket money. The empirical part presents a research proposal dealing with the ability of deferred gratification in relation to economic literacy and experience with pocket money.
Sibling Relationships in Blended Families
Němcová, Markéta ; Gillernová, Ilona (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
This bachelor thesis concerns with sibling relationships in blended families. At the beginning, issue of blended families and the importance of sibling relationships in general are summarize. It also deals briefly with the impact of divorce or death of a parent on sibling relationship, because these two events are prior to blended families. The issues of sibling relations in blended families are analysed mainly in terms of their quality. In this thesis a quantitative questionnaire survey focused on the quality of relations between siblings in blended families, supplemented by semi-structured interviews, is presented. Keywords Full siblings, half-siblings, stepsiblings, blended families
Parenting styles and selfesteem of adolescents
Rýdlová, Marie ; Gillernová, Ilona (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
The focus of this thesis is to elaborate on the relationship between the self-esteem of adolescent children and the parenting style of their parents. The sources for this work include Czech, as well as non-Czech literature. In the literature-based part of this work the following topics are discussed: the main aspects of adolescence, family as an important place for children upbringing, parenting styles and types, and the current research into the effects of parenting styles on the adolescent behavioural and emotional outcomes. This thesis further elaborates on the concept of self-esteem; its sources, development through the individual's life, and the focus of current research. Finally, the current knowledge about the association of parenting styles on teenagers' self-esteem will be discussed. A proposal for a project in the form of quantitative research study is also part of this bachelor's thesis, with focus on the relationship between the parenting style and self-esteem of children from Czech families. Keywords Parenting styles, self-esteem, adolescents
Psychological aspects of a situation in families with the father on a parental leave
Nebáznivá, Barbora ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
The MA thesis focuses on the psychological particularities of the situation in families where parental leave is taken by the father, especially on the possible connections between the child's development and characteristics of the family relations. The aim is to describe the specific impacts of this situation on partnership satisfaction, relationship with the child and on self- perception of paternal/maternal roles of parents. The theoretical part states the legislation in this field in the Czech Republic and other countries and summarizes the existing research findings. The empirical part applies a qualitative design, using the Couples Satisfaction Index questionnaire supplemented by semi-structured interviews. The research sample consisted of fifteen couples. The result of the research is a summary of findings about couple's satisfaction and recurring themes in interviews in areas of adaptation to life with the child, motivation for the decision, early paternal care, identity and experiencing of parents, the needs of the child, consequences of paternal parental leave for parent-child and partner relationships and reactions of other people. The output of empirical part of the thesis are answers to research questions that broadly cover the psychological aspects of the problem and the hypotheses...
Parental Competence and Resilience of Preschool Children
Pražáková, Eva ; Horáková Hoskovcová, Simona (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
The presented work aims to verify whether there is a relationship between the perceived parental competence of fathers and mothers and the resilience of their pre-school children. The theoretical part of the work introduces the concept of children's resilience, its development in the context of socialization and the factors that affect the development of resilient behaviour. Then, it focuses on the parenting sense of competence in relation to positive parenting. The empirical part analyses the relationship between the resilience of pre- school children and the parenting sense of competence as perceived by their parents. The data were gathered by means of standardized questionnaires that determined the range of the observed variables. The research questionnaire sample comprised 62 mothers and fathers of pre-school children. The results of the analysis did not prove a statistically significant relationship between a child's resilience and the perceived parental compentence. Nevertheless, there was a link between a child's resilience and between one of the aspects of the parenting competence, i.e. the parental efficacy of its mother. At the same time, the study did not prove any differences in the perceived parental competence between mothers and fathers of pre-school children. It did not prove any...
Coping and Other Psychological Aspects of Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Řeháková, Kateřina ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
The thesis concerns the topic of parental care for children with autism spectrum disorder. In the theoretical part there are described the main areas in which the autistic spectrum disorders manifest and the description of particular disorders. Next chapter describes this issue from point of view of parental care, it describes the difficulty of the situation, the impact on the lives of parents and whole families, factors affecting the adaptation to the situation and its overall management. Next part concerns the stress management and meaning of life and both of these topics are related to parents of children with autism spectrum disorder. The qualitative study was chosen for the first part of research. The sample is composed of 11 mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder. Data for study was collected by half- structured interviews and supplemented by Logo-test. Quantitative study focus on coping strategies using test SVF 78 and on meaning of life using Logo-test. 50 mothers participated in this part of research. The results of study describe the impact of care for a child with autism spectrum disorder to the lives of parents. It seems that the situation causes numerous of changes in the lives of parents and affects their values and attitude to life. Difficulty of the situation is perceived...

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