National Repository of Grey Literature 118 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Communist History in the Czech National Historical Narrative --- A Case Study of Czech Secondary Education History Textbook
Qian, Nana ; Klípa, Ondřej (advisor) ; Matějka, Ondřej (referee)
Nana Qian Abstract After the collapse of the communist rule, how to collectively-memorize and narrate its Communist past in the contemporary context has been an urgent and critical mission for the Czech Republic. Interpretations and portrayals of the communist state have experienced a fluctuating path, from complete rejection to indifference and empathy. An examination of the re-interpretation of the Czech communist history to its younger generation could be an effective approach for a clearer and overall understanding of Czech communist history narration. Meanwhile, history textbooks are, to a great extent, representations of the authoritative narrative. Therefore, while drawing on the rich literature on both the studies of historical narrative and especially Czech communist history, the interpretation of Czech communist history narration in this research is focused on the close examination of a Czech secondary education textbook. This thesis argues that in addition to stating and explaining the general historical facts, the textbook utilizes emotionally descriptive expressions, selective depiction, and an indictive comparison to highlight a narrative of discontent and distrust towards the communist regime and the Soviet oppression while endorsing democratic values and the market economy of the West.
Conceptual History of the term Anthropocene
Bezkočka, Leoš ; Matějka, Ondřej (advisor) ; Bauer, Paul (referee)
The word Anthropocene has been used in academia in many cases in the last decade. Geologists and stratigraphers believe that man's influence intervents so much with nature that they propose to call by the term a whole new geological era. This would have far-reaching consequences for (social) science in terms of interdisciplinarity. Due to the topicality of the theme, the diploma thesis aims to monitor the intersection of the term Anthropocene using the conceptual theory of Reinhart Koselleck, and thus find out whether and how the word spreads to public sphere. The first theoretical part presents the sources, maps the reflection of the term in the literature of social sciences and puts the work into a theoretical and methodological framework from the perspective of the history of concepts. It introduces Koselleck's theory of transition phases and explanes its application to the research field using modified criteria. The methodological character of the work is a comparative case study, heuristically grasped by content (textual) analysis of a media text. The second practical part observes texts from two selected databases (Czech and British) and presents the results in order to find out the meanings the contexts around the term Anthropocene. The last part compares both geographical areas and...
Impact of the "Civic Integration Abroad" Act on Dutch Immigration
Novotná, Adéla Anna ; Lukešová, Anna (advisor) ; Matějka, Ondřej (referee)
The bachelors thesis Impact of the "Civic Integration Abroad" Act on Dutch Immigration is dedicated to the Netherlands and its integration laws. The Netherlands has gone through a big change since the year 1998 and it has completely revised its approach to immigration and integration of incomers. It has stopped adhering to the multicultural approach and has gone in an entirely new direction, which supports a civic integration. This work is particularly focused on the law of Civic Integration Abroad, which was introduced in 2006 as a new measure for the integration of immigrants. The main essence of the law is to meet certain conditions and a successful passing of an integration test before arrival to the Netherlands. This law was the first of its kind in Europe and it was intended to restrict the immigration of certain groups of newcomers. For this reason, as an integration law, it also intervenes in Dutch immigration. The first part of the work is dedicated to the immigration to the Netherlands, to Dutch approach to immigrants and to the development of new integration policies until year 2006. The second part deals directly with the act on Civic Integration Abroad and its development. The main part of the work is research, which is based on statistics and its aim is to determine how and to what...
Contemporary Public Debate on Religion: Parliamentary Debate on Church Property Restitution and its Taxation in the Czech Republic
Fila, Filip ; Matějka, Ondřej (advisor) ; Spalová, Barbora (referee) ; Mole, Richard Charles McKenzie (referee)
In order to fill a gap in the literature and illustrate what a public debate on religion might look like in a country as unchurched as the Czech Republic, this thesis conducted thematic content analysis on two parliamentary debates related to church property restitution. Transcripts of the debates in The Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic on the 2012 Church Property Restitution Bill and the 2017-2019 Proposal to Tax Church Property Restitutions were used to answer theoretically and empirically informed questions pertaining to secularisation. The finding was that it was not religion necessarily, but rather matters of finances, legality, and procedure that figured quite prominently in the debate. Despite this, closer analysis revealed some relevant reflection on religion, most notable on in what sort of relation should churches and religious communities be with the state. The main takeaway from the research is that Members of Parliament acknowledged low individual level religiosity and did not promote something resembling the concept of vicarious religion. There speeches were on the whole interpreted to be more in line with advocating secularisation, rather than desecularisation.
Růst a prosperita výsadeb douglasky tisolisté na Opočensku
Matějka, Ondřej
The aim of this diploma thesis is to assess the growth potential of Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii / Mirbel / Franco) compared to other agricultural tree species of the Czech Republic. Data collection took place on the plots located in the forests of Kristina Colloredo-Mansfeld's property in Opočensko. There were 2 areas where douglas were grown in various mixtures with pine, spruce, oak and beech. By evaluating the results for 5 years of observation, it was found that Douglas already has a demonstrably faster growth rate in the early stage of growth, and in some cases has 2.5 times higher production potential than most of our agricultural tree species. The benefit of this work is to demonstrate the potential production capacities of douglas and their positive benefits to our forestry, including resilience and ability to adapt to current climate change.
Why the French are Discontent: The Change in Perception of the Office of the President and its Influence on the Popularity
Boudová, Kristina ; Emler, David (advisor) ; Matějka, Ondřej (referee)
This bachelors thesis deals with the decline of popularity of the last three French presidents (Nicolas Sarkozy, François Hollande, Emmanuel Macron). Each and every single one of them witnessed the lowest levels of popularity in the history of the Fifth republic. The thesis is trying to determine whether this decline is due to some systematic changes in the perception of the office of the President of the Republic and whether the phenomena are recurring at the societal level. Instead of analysing the macroeconomical factors, it is rather focusing on the society and the systém itself, while comparing the presidents on different levels. The first part of the thesis lays down the theoretical framework of the French political system and the changes after the reform in 2002. The next chapter determines how these changes influenced the electoral behavior and describer the presidential elections. The next part shifts focus more on the Presidents itself, by describing their media strategy used in the campaigns and introduces the question of personalisation of power in France. Finally, these elements are confronted with data on the evolution of popularity in the first year and a half of the mandate with the objective of demonstrating that these problems are common for the chosen Presidents and are...
The development of EU democracy assistance in the 21st century: the case of Tunisia after the Arab Spring
Linhart, Jakub ; Hornát, Jan (advisor) ; Matějka, Ondřej (referee)
This paper investigates the developments of European democracy promotion in the second decade of the 21st century or more precisely after the Arab spring. The research of the European promotion structure is based on a thorough analysis, using Tunisia as an example. After this analysis, this paper further focuses on the development of overall European democracy support in Morocco, Egypt and in the broader region. From this research we learn, that in the second half of the 2010s there is an increase in the finances intended for democracy promotion in both absolute and relative terms (when compared to other sectors). This thesis analyses possible reasons for this surge e.g. an attempt to compensate for the democratic deficit in the EU or a reaction to the migration crisis. At the same time, this paper examines the limits of this development and argues that for example the need for stability will further limit any future development of the European democracy support.
Comparison of the Colonial Policy of the Portuguese New State During 1926-1945 and 1945-1961: An Ideological and Legislative Perspective
Holeňová, Marie ; Menclová, Barbora (advisor) ; Matějka, Ondřej (referee)
The Portuguese New State (1926-1974), as the longest lasting authoritarian regime of its kind in Europe, was making efforts in maintaining its sovereignty on the global scale. Especially the view of the international community on colonialism underwent significant transformation in the course of the examined period and the Portuguese regime had to reflect the changing order in its stances as well. The thesis conducts a comparison of the particular features of the colonial rule during time periods 1926-1945 and 1945-1961. Firstly, the emphasis is placed on the comparison of laws which adjusted colonial administration and status of the natives in overseas dominions. Secondly, the colonial ideologies the Imperial Mystique and Lusotropicalism are described and compared as they provided grounds for the advocation of Portuguese presence in its colonies. The main objective of the thesis is to confirm whether the regime in the postwar period, through the reformulation of the legislative documents at least legally got on the road to the progressive administration in the colonies. By means of analysis of the documents, the thesis concludes that from the legislative point of view, the regime after World War II made steps towards modern colonial administration. However, the thesis takes into accounts that the...
Human trafficking: the role of the EU and the approaches to the problem in Czech Republic and in Belgium
Haniaková, Tereza ; Bauer, Paul (advisor) ; Matějka, Ondřej (referee)
This master thesis aims to unveil and examine the interplay between different actors in the fight against human trafficking. These are: the European Union, the Czech Republic and Belgium. A content (text) analysis of the primary sources gives the answers on how those actors work with the definition of human trafficking and to what extent the two member states implemented the EU Directive 2011/36/EU and other documents. In addition to conducting the content (text) analysis, creating a literature review and researching on different discourses linked to this phenomenon, this thesis include two semi-structured interviews with the representatives of the Czech Republic and Belgium. Those offer deeper insight into how those states form this fight in practice. They unveiled different aspects in their own approaches but also aspects that make their approach unique. This thesis examines also how the new strategy - the most important document framing the fight against human trafficking and the country's priorities - is adopted and what generally will those strategies include from the year 2020.

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