National Repository of Grey Literature 25 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Tungsten-steel and tungsten-chromium composites prepared by RF plasma spraying
Matějíček, Jiří ; Klečka, Jakub ; Čížek, Jan ; Veverka, Jakub ; Vilémová, Monika ; Chráska, Tomáš ; Ganesh, V.
For future fusion reactors, materials able to withstand harsh environments are needed. In particular, this concerns the plasma-facing components which are foreseen to consist of tungsten based plasma-facing armor and structural and cooling part made of steel. Currently, joining of these materials presents a significant challenge. The stress concentration at their interface, which arises due to thermal exposure and the difference in thermal and mechanical properties, can be reduced by composite/graded interlayers. Plasma spraying is among the prospective technologies for their preparation. In this work, tungsten-steel and tungsten-chromium composites were prepared by radio-frequency inductively coupled plasma (RF-ICP) spraying. Initial optimization of the spraying process for pure materials as well as their mixtures was carried out. Basic characterization of the layers for their structure, porosity and composition is presented.
Thin nitride layers as permeation barriers
Veverka, Jakub ; Matějíček, Jiří ; Lukáč, František ; Pospíšil, D. ; Cvrček, L. ; Nemanič, V.
Permeation barriers represent one of the crucial fields in materials development for thermonuclear fusion. Primary objective of the barriers is to suppress the permeation of hydrogen isotopes (mainly tritium) from future thermonuclear fusion facilities. Secondary objective is to reduce their retention in structural materials. Expected reactor conditions put high demands on the material, as well as on the final barrier quality. Key properties are tritium permeation reduction, absence of defects (especially cracks), high-temperature stability and corrossion resistance, and compatibility with structural materials (mostly ferritic-martensitic steels). Thin nitride layers, identified as promising permeation barriers, were prepared by diffusion-based nitridation and physical vapour deposition (PVD), and characterized.
Alternative Methods of Permeation Barriers Preparation
Veverka, Jakub ; Matějíček, Jiří
Permeation barriers represent one of the crucial fields in materials development for thermonuclear fusion. Primary objective of the barriers is to suppress the permeation of hydrogen isotopes (mainly tritium) from future thermonuclear fusion facilities. Secondary objective is to reduce their retention in structural materials. Expected reactor conditions put high demands on the material, as well as on the final barrier quality. Key properties are tritium permeation reduction, absence of defects (especially cracks), high-temperature stability and corrossion resistance, and compatibility with structural materials (mostly ferritic-martensitic steels). Thin nitride layers, identified as promising permeation barriers, were prepared by diffusion-based nitridation and physical vapour deposition (PVD), and characterized.
ELECTRON BEAM REMELTING OF PLASMA SPRAYED ALUMINA COATINGS
Matějíček, Jiří ; Veverka, J. ; Čížek, J. ; Kouřil, J.
Plasma sprayed alumina coatings find numerous applications in various fields, where they enhance the properties of the base material. Examples include thermal barriers, wear resistance, electrical insulation, and diffusion and corrosion barriers. A typical structure of plasma sprayed coatings, containing a multitude of voids and imperfectly bonded interfaces, gives them unique properties - particularly low thermal conductivity, high strain tolerance, etc. However, for certain applications such as permeation barriers or wear resistance, these voids may be detrimental.\nThis paper reports on the first experiments with remelting of plasma sprayed alumina coatings by electron beam technology, with the purpose of densifying the coatings and thereby eliminating the voids. Throughout the study, several parameters of the e-beam device were varied - beam current, traverse velocity and number of passes. The treated coatings were observed by light and electron microscopy and the thickness, structure and surface morphology of the remelted layer were determined and correlated with the process parameters. Based on the first series of experiments, the e-beam settings leading to dense and smooth remelted layer of sufficient thickness were obtained. In this layer, a change of phase composition and a marked increase in hardness were observed.\n
Attributes Calculating for Prediction of Effects of Mutation on Protein Function
Matějíček, Jiří ; Burgetová, Ivana (referee) ; Jaša, Petr (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with the bioinformatics techniques for the acquisition of attributes useful for prediction of mutation effects on the protein function. The work primarily aims to develop a user-friendly application for calculation of attributes of mutations from the protein sequence and structure. The developed application serves for integration of specialized tools such as FoldX. The standardized interface enables to implement additional computational tools and collect a diverse set of attributes from different sources. These attribute sets can then serve as an input for different prediction methods and help to improve predictions of mutation effects.
Young's Modulus on the Interface of Elastic and Elastic-Plastic Material
Kocmanová, Lenka ; Haušild, P. ; Materna, A. ; Matějíček, Jiří
The paper is aimed at determining the Young's modulus at the sharp interface between two materials, where one material is elastic and the other elastic-plastic. To determine the Young's modulus was used 3D numerical model of nanoindentation with conical indenter. The interface between the materials with the normal plane perpendicular to the direction of penetration. The goal is to simulate the combination of metal and ceramic materials.\n Young modulus according to the standardized distance from the interface are approximated inverse beta distribution and is determined by the relation between parameters inverse beta distribution of the size of the area affected by the second phase
Structural and Mechanical Characterization of Spark Plasma Sintered Tungsten
Čech, J. ; Haušild, P. ; Kocmanová, Lenka ; Matějíček, Jiří
The main objective of this paper is to describe the microstructure and mechanical properties of spark plasma sintered tungsten. The indentation tests, which are very advantageous because of their semi-nondestructive character and low requirements on the volume of investigated material, were carried out using Berkovich and spherical indenters. Indentation techniques with spherical indenters are less frequently used than those with sharp indenters but they offer variation of strain with the indentation depth and, therefore, they could be used for determination of stress-strain curves. Local stress-strain behavior obtained by this method showed good correspondence with the results of compression tests. Observation of the microstructure and the fracture surfaces helped to explain some phenomena which occurred during the mechanical testing
THERMAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF TUNGSTEN COMPACTS PREPARED BY SPS
Nevrlá, Barbara ; Vilémová, Monika ; Matějíček, Jiří
Tungsten is a promising candidate material for use in the tokamak device aimed at future production of nuclear fusion power. Here, tungsten is intended for the application in the part called first wall,with the function of a heat-resistant plasma facing armor.In the present work,two fractions of tungsten powder (2 and 4 μm) were used to prepare two consolidated samples by spark plasma sintering (SPS),using a combination of pressure,temperature and electric power.This sintering technique produces samples of near theoretical density which is positive for the application.Tungsten compacts were then studied to determine some basic thermal and mechanical properties, namely thermal conductivity using the laser-flash method and hardness by Vickers test.The measurements were focused on thermal conductivity of the compacts because high thermal conductivity is crucial for the material of tokamak first wall,loaded by high heat flux from the plasma.High hardness is desirable for good resistance
FITTING OF ELASTIC MODULUS ON THE INTERFACE BETWEEN TWO MATERIALS
Kocmanová, Lenka ; Materna, A. ; Haušild, P. ; Matějíček, Jiří
The paper is aimed to determinate of Young modulus near a sharp interface. The 3D elastic numeric model was used for prediction of the Young modulus. The simulated specimen was composed of tungsten and steel. The interface was plane which a normal vector was perpendicular to the indentation force. The indenter geometry for which numerical solutions were accomplished was a rounded cone indenter. An indentation depth is studied as function of a distance indenter-interface. The distance was normalized by depth of indentation. All values of Young modulus lay on one curve after distance normalization due to elasticity. The curve was fitted by inverse beta function. The curve determine the size of area of one material influenced by a second material.
Determination of mechanical properties by instrumented indentation with spherical indentor
Čech, J. ; Haušild, P. ; Nohava, J. ; Matějíček, Jiří
Mechanical properties on individual phases in spark plasma sintered tungsten-steel composites were determined by instrumented indentation with a spherical indentor. The results were processed by Oliver-Pharr method, stress-strain curves were calculated by Tabor equations.

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See also: similar author names
2 MATĚJÍČEK, Jan
2 Matějíček, Jaroslav
1 Matějíček, Josef
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