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Abuse of Dominant Position in the ICT Sector: A European Perspective
Malkovský, Michal ; Patěk, Daniel (advisor) ; Horáček, Vít (referee)
Abuse of Dominant Position in the ICT Sector: A European Perspective Abstract The concept of abuse of dominant position refers to business practices in which a dominant market player may engage in order to maintain or strengthen its position in the market, and are prohibited under Article 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. This master's thesis provides insight into theory and decisional practice of abuse of dominant position within the EU with particular focus on the area of information and communication technologies (ICT). The ICT industry belongs among the fastest developing, with many new powerful market players emerging, often creating entirely new markets for themselves. This is where a potential risk for an abuse of dominance occurs and why many of the breakthrough cases in the previous years have been related to this sector. Since not only their products but also their business models are innovative, the competition policy must advance accordingly. This thesis firstly introduces the economic background and the policy objectives of contemporary EU competition rules. It is followed by a step-by-step examination of the assessment on the position of the investigated firm in the relevant market and the legality of the practice in question. Highlighted are the aspects which have...
Vliv těžby ropy na norskou ekonomiku
Malkovský, Michal ; Doležal, Ondřej (advisor) ; Pekárek, Štěpán (referee)
Norway serves as a unique example of a developed country whose economy is dominated by export of natural resources. Thanks to its large petroleum reserves Norway has become one of the richest countries in the world. This thesis examines how the country has coped with its transformation and if it has avoided the so-called resource curse. It deals with the effects of the oil industry on the other sectors of the economy as well as on Norwegians' wellbeing. As the revenue from the petroleum production has grown, the state has implemented number of economic policies with the aim to utilize it in favour of the weakened industries and the society as a whole. So far, the oil industry has brought Norway prosperity thanks to sound governance and fitting policies. The question is whether the measures are sufficient to tackle both the decreasing production and prices of oil while maintaining the advantage the country has gained.

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2 Malkovský, M.
2 Malkovský, Michael
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