National Repository of Grey Literature 5 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The assesment of trombocyte function by optical and impendance agregometry
Malíková, Lenka ; Stiborová, Marie (advisor) ; Poljaková, Jitka (referee)
Introduction: Platelets have an important role in the process of haemostasis in which they form blood clot generation. In some cases it is necessary to suppress activity of platelets by antiplatelet drugs to prevent life threatening states. Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and clopidogrel can influence the mechanism of primary haemostasis by inhibition of platelet function. This process has to be controlled. Clopidogrel is used for prevention of thrombotic states. The active form of clopidogrel is formed by cytochrome P450 3A4. Clopidogrel binds to the receptor P2Y12 instead of ADP, so platelets cannot be activated. The effect of clopidogrel is very variable. It is known that there is unresponsiveness to clopidogrel in 5-30 % patients. Acetylsalicylic acid acetylates cyclooxygenase and blocks the conversion of arachidonic acid to tromboxan A2, so platelets cannot be activated. ASA treatment is effective, but in some patients can appear so called aspirin resistance (AR). Possible unresponsiveness to the therapy is the reason why it is suitable to monitor antiplatelet therapy, which may be provided by various methods. Thesis target: To detect normal range in measurement of healthy control group, evaluate efficiency of clopidogrel and ASA and to determine which method (LTA - Light Transmission Aggregometry...
Habitat colonization by neophyte Impatiens glandulifera and estimate of factors limiting its spread
Marková, Zuzana ; Hejda, Martin (advisor) ; Malíková, Lenka (referee)
Invasive spread of neophyte Impatiens glandulifera in central Europe started approximatelly eighty years ago. First records of dense cover stands come from belt stands in riparian habitats. The scale of invaded habitats and degree of the dominance of I. glandulifera is more diversified nowadays. This thesis is objected on the dominance and fertility of I. glandulifera within different habitat types and scale of invaded habitats in different parts of invaded range within Europe (i. e. in Czech Republic and Switzerland). The results show that the height and cover (substitutes for biomass and dominance) of this neophyte (i) correlates with the character of invaded vegetation (ii) relates to the degree of hemeroby (a measure of human impact) negativelly, and (iii), of course, both the growth and dominance are positively affected by nutrient content. Fertility does not differ among the types of invaded habitats, but goes up with the height of I. glandulifera and decreases with its cover. Invaded habitats comprises ruderal and riparian vegetation, but also wet maedows, forest clearances, beach and slope forests or weed vegetation.
Management of wild mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) in the hunting ground Uhlířská Lhota (Central Bohemia, Czech Republic)
Malíková, Lenka ; Červený, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Nováková, Petra (referee)
The mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) is our the most widespread duck which occurs almost every water area. Her hunting is an essential part of hunting management in Czech Republic, but also in the world. As the numbers of mallards falling down, it is necessary to hunting management mainly focus on the care of the population of mallards. The aim of this study is to evaluate and describe the care of mallard in hunting Uhlířská Lhota. Because even in this hunting, members of a hunting association care of mallards is trying to increase their population. Hunting management is describing in this study in hunting Uhlířská Lhota for the years 2014 and 2015 when was found that mallard population status would most likely increase with increasing nesting opportunities and regular feeding, but predation and food competition is very high in that small water tank. Since the results of the catch for 2014 shows that there has been an increase in the number of mallards, but in 2015 to drop again.
Adventitious sprouting of short-lived plants in natural populations
Disturbance is one of most important selective factor causing removal of plant biomass. Man-made habitats are characterized by strong and unpredictable disturbances, providing bare soil surface colonized by plants with short life cycle. Populations of the short-lived plants are, however, vulnerable to the strong disturbance removing all stem parts with reserve axillary meristems in the case it occurs before plant flowering and fruiting. Nevertheless, 2 % of annual and 14 % of biennial plants are able to overcome meristem limitation by adventititous sprouting from hypocotyle or/and roots. This thesis is composed of four original studies describing the occurrence of adventitious sprouting in natural populations of 22 monocarpic weeds of Central Europe and one species in Indonesia. The studied phenomenon was analyzed in relation to various environmental factors and plant traits in the field and in experimental conditions.

See also: similar author names
1 Malíková, L.
1 Malíková, Lucia
7 Malíková, Lucie
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