National Repository of Grey Literature 69 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
First aid in nursery school
Kašová, Michaela ; Malá, Michaela (advisor) ; Majorová, Simona (referee)
Title: First aid in preschool Objectives: The aim of this bachelor thesis was to find out the level of first aid knowledge of kindergarten teachers. Furthermore, it was compared how much their knowledge would improve if they passed the first aid course. Methods: The method used in the thesis was an anonymous inquiry. The survey was consisted of two parts, the survey section, which had 12 questions and the test part, which had 20 questions. The research sample was consisted of 23 respondents at an average age of 37 years. The survey was conducted in cooperation with kindergarten in Vodňany. The obtained data was displayed in graphs. Results: Based on the survey, it was found that teachers in preschool have experience with first aid in kindergarten. They encounter most often the minor abrasions, head injuries and abdominal pain. They made the least mistakes in answering questions about accidental and life-threatening conditions. After completing the course and first aid training, their mistakes in responses were reduced by an average of 2 errors per teacher. Keywords: preschool age, teacher, traumatic, accidental and life-threatening conditions, injury statistics
Change of life quality in people undergoing the organized reduction program
Štefánková, Gabriela ; Majorová, Simona (advisor) ; Mahrová, Andrea (referee)
Title: Change of life quality in people undergoing the organized reduction program Objective: The work objective is to find out a possible change of life quality after undergoing a three-month reduction course which consists of aerobic exercise and circuit training, as well as group work under the guidance of an instructor. Methods: The data will be collected through the SF36 questionnaire. In the first phase of the project, the course participants will fill out a questionnaire which will be handed over to them before the commencement of the reduction program. In the second part of the project, the participants will fill out the same questionnaire after undergoing the course. Subsequently, I will analyse the results and assess the success rate of the program. Method - questionnaire survey. Results: After undergoing a three-month reduction program, there were positive changes in quality of life. The effectiveness of the influence of the three-month reduction programme is seen primarily in the improvement of the psychological side of the individual. I find the lack of this study in a small set of probands, so I do not consider the results could be generalised. Keywords: Obesity, physical activity, BMI, weight loss, methods of treating obesity
Maintaining the positive effects of physical exercise programs for elderly several months after its completion
Smutná, Kateřina ; Daďová, Klára (advisor) ; Majorová, Simona (referee)
Title: Maintaining the positive effects of physical exercise programs for elderly several months after its completion. Aims: The main aim of this thesis is to detect, if the level of physical activity of seniors remain in existence even when the organized exercise program within the study EXODYA ends. Another aim is to discover a benefit of two exercise programs within one year in several selected areas. The last aim is to find out, whether the three months long exercise program will have a positive impact on physical and mental state of seniors. Methods: This is an empiric-theoretical research thesis. Three ensembles took part in a mixed qualitative-quantitative research. The muscle strength, flexibility, level of depressive signs and the state of short-term memory was tested with the ensemble I. (N=7) before and after an organized three months long exercise program. The testing of the ensemble II. (N=4) was held during the whole year (2018) within two exercise programs. The measuring of aerobic fitness and physical weight were added. The ensemble III. (N=31) were the alumni of the study EXODYA and they participated in the self-designed survey, where they were asking about the recent level of physical activity. Results: Positive effects were noticed during the three months long exercise program....
Sports medicine evaluation in paralympic athletes with physical handicap
Průdková, Barbora ; Daďová, Klára (advisor) ; Majorová, Simona (referee)
Title: Exercise testing of paralympic athletes with physical disabilities Objectives: The aim of this thesis is to find out if paralympic athletes undergo exercise testing regularly, what is involved in this testing and whether the result are being followed or eventually consulted with the coach. Methods: The work is based on qualitative research. The information is obtained using the query method. As a method of data collection, the questionnaire of own construction and informal interview were used. The questionnaire was handed out to ten paralympic athletes. Six of them suffer from inborn malformations in the form of cerebral palsy, four of them have trauma caused by an accident. Two of them have limb amputation, two of them have spinal lesion and the last one has multiple sclerosis. The interview was conducted with a representative coach, sports physician and two elite athletes with physical disabilities. Results: Based on the questionnaire and an informal interview, I have found out that only 2 out of 10 paralympic athletes regularly perform stress tests and sports evaluation. The remaining 8 athletes undergo evaluation irregularly. 80 % of respondents follow the advice and recommendation of a physician, and 20 % of them do not. Based on the interview, we can say that in current paralympic...
Relationship between aerobic endurance and static strength of elderly female athletes to selected anthropometric parameters
Toman Hrušková, Zdeňka ; Prajerová, Květa (advisor) ; Majorová, Simona (referee)
Title: Relation between aerobic endurance and static strength of elderly female athletes to selected anthropometric parameters. Objectives: The purpose of this study is to analyse an aerobic endurance, tested by 2 km walk test and static strength tested by prone bridge maneuver and to investigate any existing association to selected anthropometric parameters. These tests were undertaken by elderly female athletes studying U3A at the UK FTVS. Methods: 48 elderly female athletes (age 66,1±2,35, body height 1,67±0,064cm, body weight 69,80±10,42kg, waist circumference 88,82±10,64cm, body mass index (BMI) 25,10±3,62), studying U3V of UK FTVS at the time of taking the part in the research. The original sample of elderly athletes accounted for 86, but elderly athletes over age of 70 and athletes under heart - rate medication were excluded. Male athletes were also excluded for greater group compatibility. Measurement of aerobic endurance was realized by a 2 km walk test at the athletic stadium of UK FTVS according to Mr. Stejskal. Time and heart rate were scanned by sporttesters (PolarS610i). Static strength was measured by isometric method of prone bridge maneuver. Selected anthropometric parameters to the aerobic endurance and prone bridge maneuver were investigated. All data was processed using the...
Summary of the Most Common Injuries Occuring on Selected Bodies of Water in the Czech Republic
Šonková, Jana ; Majorová, Simona (advisor) ; Prokešová, Eva (referee)
Title: Summary of the Most Common Injuries Occurring on Selected Bodies of Water in the Czech Republic Objectives: The main focus of this thesis is to find out the most frequent injuries that occur on open water, including Lipno, Orlík and Slapy lakes. Methods: In this thesis I used a quantitative method of data collection, based on the documentation obtained from the Water Rescue Service website. I retrospectively obtained the total number of interventions, the number and types of accidents and the causes of accidents on selected locations in 2017. I subsequently visualized these in charts. Results: I found, that there were a total of 66 injuries registered in this reporting period. Men were injured more frequently than women however, children were the largest group at risk, due to the incidences of drowning. It was also confirmed that the most common types of injuries were wounds. In July, the accident rate was really low due to a smaller number of a campers at water reservoirs. This number is gradually decreasing with the end of the holiday season. Keywords: Injuries, the Czech Red Cross water rescue service, water rescue, first aid
The effect of using massage techniques on the mental state of pregnant women
Kačerová, Kateřina ; Vařeková, Jitka (advisor) ; Majorová, Simona (referee)
Title: The effect of using massage techniques on the mental state of pregnant women Objectives: The objective of this bachelor thesis was to observe the effect of periodical massages of the neck, conducted over a period of three months, on the mental state of pregnant women and on pain and muscle tension in the area of the neck. Methods: The surveyed group in this bachelor thesis consisted of 12 healthy women in their second trimester of pregnancy, between the ages of 22-38, six of which were in the research group with intervention and six of which were in the control group without intervention. The intervention consisted of a series of 6 light 20 minute massages, once every two weeks, over a period of 3 months. The effect of the intervention was monitored with the help of a visual analog scale (VAS) before the massage, immediately after the massage, and one day after the massage, a POMS questionnaire at the beginning and end of the experiment, and a written reflection in the form of a questionnaire with open questions after the completion of the experiment. Results: The results of pain assessment with the help of the VAS in the women of the research group showed a reduction of neck pain after the massage (the average number before the massage was 3,04, immediately after the massage 2,05, after 1...
Educational program influence on the secondary school students' awareness about the assistance to people with visual disabilities in public space
Šírerová, Karina ; Vařeková, Jitka (advisor) ; Majorová, Simona (referee)
Title: Educational program influence on the secondary school students' awareness about the assistance to people with visual disabilities in public space Objective: The aim of the bachelor thesis is to study the effects of the educational program on secondary school students' awareness about the assistance to people with visual disabilities in public space. The secondary aim of this bachelor thesis is to summarize the practical and safety principles for assistance to people with visual disability in public space and to emphasize the importance of educational programs for public. Methods: Quantitative research in the form of quasi-experiment was aimed on the effect of the educational program in a group of 30 secondary school students. Self-designed test based on the knowledge of the probands was used as a data collection method, in the form of test questions. First half of the probands took the test after they completed the educational program, the second half took the test without attending the program and their answers were based only on their knowledge. Thirty secondary school students aged 14-18 were chosen as the target group. Results: The survey has indicated that a group of fifteen probands who were given a test after they completed the education program has achieved much better awareness of...
Mountain trekking in diabetic patients treated with an insulin pump
Bytelová, Sophie ; Daďová, Klára (advisor) ; Majorová, Simona (referee)
Title: Mountain tourism for diabetics with an insulin pump Objectives: The aim of this study is to find out whether it is suitable for patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus treated with an insulin pump to undergo physical activity in the form of mountain tourism, as the more intense physical aktivity affects blood glucose levels and whether patients are able to work with advanced insulin pump functions. Methods: The work is conceived as an observational study of the Medtronic educational project. One day mountain hike trip of a distance about 30 km was attended by 40 patients (men and women) with diabetes aged 15-25 years. Non-invasive methods were used. The data was obtained by monitoring insulin pump probes, glucometers and continuous monitoring, which were further evaluated using the CareLink Pro software. Results: Physical activity in the form of mountain tourism is suitable for patients with DM1 treated on an insulin pump. 80% of the probands did not have a risk status of hypoglycaemia, and even though the determined normoglycemia for research was performed by a larger number of adults as opposed to children, this FA has a demonstrable effect on blood glucose levels. It also brings positive benefits for patients because they learn how to work better with advanced insulin pump functions....
Comparison of the quality of life of persons diagnosed with intervertebral disc herniation in relation tosurgical and conservative treatment
Miklovičová, Martina ; Majorová, Simona (advisor) ; Píglová, Tereza (referee)
Title: Comparison of the quality of life of persons diagnosed with intervertebral disc herniation in relation to surgical and conservative treatment. Objectives: The aim of the diploma thesis was the research and evaluation of the quality of life in patients with intervertebral disc lesion with and without surgery, assuming that both monitored groups will be treated with individual rehabilitation treatment. Methods: This research was conducted using a standardized Short Form 36 (SF - 36) questionnaire on quality of life that is conditional to health. The study was conducted at Na Homolce Hospital in a rehabilitation clinic, where appropriate respondents (n = 117) were selected for this research. The group included 59 respondents who underwent surgery and 58 treated conservatively. The survey was attended by respondents aged 27-86. The final results were divided into both health, physical and psychological dimensions in both groups. Two-choice tests were used to compare. For all domains, the assumption of the normal distribution of the two compared selections was rejected, which precluded the use of the two-t-test. For domains where there was no assumption of homogeneity of scattering, the Mann-Whitney test was used to compare. For domains where the assumption of homogeneity was rejected, a Median...

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