National Repository of Grey Literature 55 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The Military component of the Counterrevolution - Egypt case- The root causes of the deep-state and its military hardcore counterattack against Egypt uprising.
Saad, Mohamed ; Kučera, Tomáš (advisor) ; Ludvík, Jan (referee)
In the course of time, the Egyptian army has developed a complicated network of economic interests as a privileged establishment, and independent from civilian oversight or political surveillance. This dissertation argues that; the well-established and long lasting independent economic interests may turn the military establishment to an independent stakeholder and closed, conservative group within the society seeks to preserve its own privileges by controlling over the political power and resist any external oversight including the democratic reforms that may create a threat to these privileges. Such military establishment is a direct threat to any democratic transition. In this case, the armies securitize the political sphere raising the democratic reforms as foreign conspiracy and an existential threat to its privileges and raise the nationalism and xenophobic rhetoric as it needs to create a political justification for their security practices that aim to crush the opposition and secure the political power. I suppose that the Egyptian case shows causal relations between the economic interests of the military establishment and the nationalism as a dominant ideology. Such military is leaning to not only control the political power, but it aims to militarize the societal values and control over the...
Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons: Case Study of Norway and the Netherlands
Sudakovová, Natália ; Smetana, Michal (advisor) ; Ludvík, Jan (referee)
Master thesis analyzes two NATO Member States, the Netherlands and Norway, and their approach to the Treaty on Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) which was signed on 7 July 2017. Both countries decided not to support the TPNW by either voting against it or abstaining from the negotiations. Research aims to explain why some countries refuse to ban nuclear weapons and what factors influenced the positions of the States on the TPNW. For this purpose, a model-based approach with three models (security, domestic and norm model) developed by Scott Sagan is being applied in each case. These models reflect three international relations theories: neo-realism, liberal institutionalism and constructivism. The security model takes into consideration the security environment that a state is in, whether regionally or globally. It considers security threats to be the fundamental cause of nuclear proliferation. The second model focuses on the domestic actors who encourage or discourage governments from pursuing the bomb, public society and domestic institutions. The last model examines the norms which prevail in the society and form state identity of the State. Based on these three different levels of analysis, the thesis explains what factors were critical in formulating the Dutch and Norwegian positions on...
The Visegrad Group: an analysis of intelligence cooperation and its challenges
Recher, Elisabetta ; Ludvík, Jan (advisor) ; Střítecký, Vít (referee)
This dissertation has aimed at investigating the factors that might challenge intelligence cooperation among Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia within the Visegrad Group. In particular, in this study, it has been researchedwhether four of the potential factors that can work as challenges to intelligence cooperation are present in the case of the Visegrad Group's cooperation. In order to determine which factor can challenge multinational intelligence cooperation, the relevant literature has been consulted based on the models of cooperation that mostly resembled the Visegrad's.In order to test which factors could apply to the V4 cooperation and answer the research question of this dissertation, a comparative study of the data collected from secondary and primary sources has been conducted. The cases discussed in the analysis include, in the first chapter, Visegrad' s countries trade relations/partners and their attitudes and policy interests with respect to Russia and the EU's future; and, in the second chapter,V4's military cooperation (within NATO and the EU), defence sector's capabilities, national security strategy, and citizens' opinion aboutV4's geopolitical belonging. From the results it has emerged that of the four factors analysed in this dissertation, only two are likely to...
The EU Intelligence Community: Elements of a EU intelligence Culture
Contro, Christian ; Ludvík, Jan (advisor) ; Střítecký, Vít (referee)
The EUGS 2016 introduced new challenges and set specific head goals for the policy of the European Union in the fields of external action and security. Such decisions must be implemented and backed by valid intelligence support. The EU intelligence community, that according to this paper is composed by mainly four agencies (EU IntCen, EU IntDiv, SatCen and Europol), represents the backbone for the information and policy making support of the EU governance. In this paper it will be analysed the development of the EU intelligence community in order to prove the existence of a EU intelligence culture, and eventually, the five main elements that emerged in the research, by using the literature on the US intelligence community and its culture as comparation subject. The five main elements taken into account to define the EU intelligence culture and represent the foundation upon which it will be built any future development of the EU intelligence community, that will pass from a European intelligence community to a European Union integrated intelligence system. In a world in constant change in which the EU has to find its own place, the development of its intelligence becomes crucial, to understand and respond to the different types of threats.
Examining Rio's pacification strategy in dialogue with a critically revised securitisation framework: an Immanent Critique
Kirchhoff, Vincent ; Ludvík, Jan (advisor) ; Střítecký, Vít (referee)
This dissertation approaches Rio de Janeiro's public security policy of 'pacification' implemented since 2008 from a critical perspective. Widely hailed for being an innovative solution approach to the city's exorbitant levels of lethal violence and perceived as being conducive to a well-grounded approximation process aimed at unifying the 'divided city', it is the purpose of this dissertation to contextualise the public policy with the historical and socio-cultural fundament upon which it is based. The researcher makes use of a critically revised framework of securitisation theory, thus allowing for the examination of the power-knowledge nexus nurturing the securitising discourse. To examine the latter, a wide array of speech act material including official speeches and interviews published on official government websites, Brazilian mainstream media, and video-sharing websites will be analysed. The critical analysis will be placed in dialogue with the socio-cultural context from which it originates by drawing on analytical techniques of critical discourse analysis, connecting the said with the social. For this purpose, the socio-historical process of Brazilian nation-building will be retraced, shedding light onto institutionalised modes of domination that guide state action and its policies. The...
Far-Righ Radicalisation in Britain
Bruce, Nicola ; Ludvík, Jan (advisor) ; Střítecký, Vít (referee)
This research analysis is an investigative effort at applying a methodological theory of Islamic extremism to Britain's far-right. Using four assigned categories-the defined 'puzzle pieces' of Hafez and Mullins theory-the research presented will draw heavily from recent history and contemporary societal examples to demonstrate how far-right radicalisation takes place. By looking at grievances, ideology, networks and enabling environment the aim of such an exercise is to demonstrate the intricate processes involved in radicalising someone to support far-right parties and ideologies. One of the most important themes of this analysis is the increasing politicisation of 'culture' by both the government and the far-right. Consequently, there will be discussion on Britain's Prevent programme and the far-right's adaptability in using culture to promote a 'new racism' that presents itself as different from traditional, fascist styles of Othering.
Comparison of nuclear triad development in superpower states
Veselý, Lukáš ; Bříza, Vlastislav (advisor) ; Ludvík, Jan (referee)
Anotation This bachelor thesis deals with the comparison of the development of the nuclear triad of superpowers. Specifically, the thesis focuses on comparing the approach to the development of the individual legs of the triad of United States and the Soviet Socialist Republics during the Cold War. The work characterizes the development of individual weapon systems. The theory of nuclear deterrence and its influence on the formation of strategic nuclear doctrines of both powers are outlined. The thesis examines the relationship between mutual development of the doctrines of both states. Furthermore, the systems of one leg of the triad are compared in a given period and the relationship of their development is analyzed. In the final part, thesis interprets the acquired knowledge about the armament and doctrinal rivalry of the two superpowers in the bipolar world.
Nuclear weapons in coercive diplomacy
Řehák, Matěj ; Bříza, Vlastislav (advisor) ; Ludvík, Jan (referee)
Since the creation and first use during the Second world war, nuclear weapons have become very effective means of power in international relations. Because of realization of their huge destructive force, they have become to be an political tool of mutual deterrence during the cold war among both world great powers of that time - USSR and USA. There is same situation in today's world, when nuclear weapons are even better and they are spreaded among other countries. They become to be important element of strategic thinking and play crucial role in coercive diplomacy, where they operate especially as manipulative tool of achieving the desired goal. Even though this tactic seems to be very effective, there are some considerable risks and disadvantages. In coercive diplomacy, we distinguish deterrent strategy and compellent strategy and because of dissimilarity between these two concepts, the role od nuclear weapons differs, which i salso pointe dout by some of the experts, who are interested in this topic. To be able to evaluate effectivness of nuclear weapons in coercive diplomacy, we need to point out these differnces and demonstrate them on related historical events.
Dismay or delight on the neighbour's side? The typology of neighbouring countries' reactions to the first nuclear tests conducted
Sasová, Kateřina ; Ludvík, Jan (advisor) ; Bříza, Vlastislav (referee)
This Master thesis compares the reactions of the neighbouring countries to first nuclear tests carried out by their neighbour. It deals with first nuclear tests of eight countries (USA, Soviet Union, United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan and North Korea) and with the reactions of states that are or were at the time of the first nuclear test neighbours of concerned country. In the end, forty-seven reactions of neighbouring countries were examined in this thesis. The author relies to a large extent on qualitative research when she compares individual reactions of the countries and creates eight case studies, each focused on one nuclear state. The main output of this thesis is a clear and well-arranged typology of countries' reactions to the first nuclear test carried out in the state right across their borders. The types of reactions that have been identified in this thesis vary all the way from active support and passive coming to terms with the situations, through neutral reaction all the way to passive disapproval and active rejection. This typology can then in the future contribute to a better predictability of the neighbours' reactions and therefore also to a better assessment of how such event might affect the stability of the region.
The change of normative perception and thinking about the Nuclear Sharing within NATO
Kořínek, David ; Ludvík, Jan (advisor) ; Beneš, Jan (referee)
The main aim of this thesis is to analyse the development of the NATO's normative perception and thinking over the nuclear weapons and the nuclear sharing concept. While the nuclear sharing lays in the main area of the interest of this thesis, the approach towards the nuclear weapons itself is the inseparable component of this research. This thesis is divided into three main chapters. The chapter one explains the historical position of the nuclear weapons in the NATO thinking and the history of the nuclear sharing in relation to the NPT. It also introduces the basic theoretical debate and definition of the concept. The chapter two explains the chosen methodological framework, describes the set of analysed documents and sets rules for the coding of those documents. For the purposes of this analysis, I decided to use the methodological framework of the content analysis, which is created through the content analysis software NVivo 12. It is followed by the chapter three which is visualising and explaining the results of the content analysis created following the script already described in the chapter two.

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See also: similar author names
1 Ludvík, Jakub
1 Ludvík, Jaroslav
5 Ludvík, Jiří
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