National Repository of Grey Literature 63 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
SOCMINT - opportunities and challenges for security community
Hrudka, Tomáš ; Střítecký, Vít (advisor) ; Ludvík, Jan (referee)
SOCMINT, or Social Media Intelligence has recently become focus of security community and started to be increasingly favored intelligence gathering method. Apart from providing relevant information and its cost-effective use, main advantage is that the potential of this intelligence technique is very diverse. Due to the relatively public nature of social networks, SOCMINT was generally regarded as unproblematic. However, on closer examination, this intelligence method presents a number of risks. The interest it raised from intelligence and security services in such a short time has given way to a situation where the techniques used by SOCMINT have begun to develop without precise methodological, legal and ethical rules. If the intelligence community wants to use this tool in its full potential and without risking negative response to SOCMINT techniques from the society, a framework must be set up as soon as possible to keep SOCMINT within the proper limits. This thesis aims to examine what opportunities and challenges SOCMINT brings to security community and society and propose how to deal with them.
European migration crisis and its implications for the security of the Czech Republic
Maňák, Jiří ; Karásek, Tomáš (advisor) ; Ludvík, Jan (referee)
This thesis focuses on the topic of the European migration crisis in the period of 2013- 2018. The main goal is to determine, to what degree does the securitisation discourse in Germany meets the objective reality. The central part of the thesis is represented by the analysis of data about crime in German states. It is focused just on the data regarding the violent crime, that is because of the higher clearance rate a more significant impact of these crimes on the general mood in the society. The data are separated according to the borders of former eastern and western Germany. The result is a comparison of ongoing trends concerning the overall amount of crimes commited and the share of foreigners among the suspects. In the second part, the thesis focuses on comparing the data from the previous part with the development in the Germanys political landscape. Most notably in the case of developments of AfD, as this party is often referred to as an anti-system party. Again, the focus is on the regional differences between the former eastern and western Germany. In the last chapter, the thesis is trying to use the experience learned from eastern Germany and apply them to the Czech Republic. Eastern Germany was chosen for its relative similarities to Czechia given its history in the eastern bloc, similar...
Effectivity of Counterinsurgency in 21st century: Operational Environment of Iraq
Tomášková, Lucia ; Ludvík, Jan (advisor) ; Střítecký, Vít (referee)
This diploma theses looks at the how the counter-insurgency in modern era look like. The aim is to find out what were the forms how coalition forces altogether with central authority fought the rebels, specifically Al-Qaeda and Daesh. The country which is the thesis focused on is Iraq and its operation environment bound with ethnic and religious clashes. Due to the fact that coalition forces were forced to initiate two COIN operations in just a few years, the theses compare and contrast both counter-insurgency operation, since both were led by two partly different field manuals. The final aim is to evaluate the strategies using four criteria: legitimacy, localization, isolation, elimination. The analysis confronts two approaches to COIN, one from 2007, second one from 2014. The research question is: which one of these two counter- insurgency strategies could be seen as more effective? The theses should find out whether there are any lessons learned, and whether the approach of coalition forces to this topic evolved.
The reform of the UN Security Council: possible reform steps from the perspective of legitimacy
Dorosh, Diana ; Karlas, Jan (advisor) ; Ludvík, Jan (referee)
The UN Security Council has an irreplaceable position in the international system. However, its legitimacy has often been questioned after the Cold War. For this reason, the bachelor thesis tries to answer the question how possible reform steps can affect the legitimacy of the UNSC. I define concrete reform steps from the four reform proposals presented in the current debate on the Council's reform. With regard to that the examined proposals focus mainly on changing the SC's decision-making process, to assess the impact of reform steps on legitimacy, I evaluate whether they can meet procedural standards, which are considered to be sources of institutiona l legitimization. For my research, I choose the following procedural standards: representation, participation, transparency, accountability and avoiding the domination of the powers. Simultaneously, the analytical part of the thesis tries to consider in brief what influences the implementation of defined reform steps can have on the effectiveness of the Security Council, and whether political reform is possible at all. Thanks to this research,I conclude that only two of the five reform steps, I examined, have a chance to be implemented, and can contribute at least to a partial increase of Council's legitimacy.
A motivation of the Czech alternative and revisionist media to the revisionis activity
Merc, Jakub ; Střítecký, Vít (advisor) ; Ludvík, Jan (referee)
According to the annual report of the BIS from 2017, Czech republic is a target of Russian hybrid strategy. Alternative and disinformation media can be one part of this strategy, because of their spreading of propaganda and disinformation, which jeopardize strategic interests of the Czech republic. This diploma thesis has two main aims in this framework. The first aim is a description of the czech alternative and disinformation media scene in the context of Russian hybrid strategy. The second aim is to recognize motivations, which lead to this kind of revisionist activities. The first aim is based on the analysis of particular disinformation media in the context of information about Russian hybrid strategy and Russian strategic interests. The second aim is based on semi-structured interwievs with representatives of alternative media.
Analysis of U.S. foreign policy towards nuclear-armed states in South Asia
Freitag, Vojtěch ; Ludvík, Jan (advisor) ; Smetana, Michal (referee)
Nuclear testing conducted by India and Pakistan in 1998 raised concerns among members of the whole international community. United States under Bill Clinton administration were in the front line in the fight against spreading nuclear weapons and following the tests the U.S. condemned both states and imposed economic sanctions. India and Pakistan found themselves under strong international pressure and according to the global nuclear regime were banned from trade with nuclear materials and technology. However, the sanctions were soon lifted and United States enhanced their relationship with India and ultimately ended its nuclear isolation. In fact, the Indo-U.S. deal from 2008 basically legitimised Indian nuclear weapons program and integrated India into the global nuclear order. On the contrary, Pakistan remained excluded and similar deal with the United States seems unrealistic. This thesis explains the differences in the U.S. approach applying a modified neorealist theory, which emphasizes systematic influences and to some extent also an influence of the U.S. President on the resulting foreign policy. The thesis is conceived as a comparative analysis. Using analytical framework on three levels, structural, state and an individual level, important factors that had an effect on the improvement of...
Ballistic Missile Defense of the United States: comparison of the 2010 Ballistic Missile Defense Review and 2019 Missile Defense Review
Musilová, Kristýna ; Smetana, Michal (advisor) ; Ludvík, Jan (referee)
1 Annotation Missile defense takes a part of the United States defense strategy since the second half of the 20th century. The approach to the missile defense program has radically changed since. The aim of this bachelor thesis is to compare practice of two subsequent administrations on the basis of the Barack Obama's 2010 Ballistic Missile Defense Review and Donald Trump's 2019 Missile Defense Review. The comparison is performed by an analysis of each of the documents' strategic narratives. The latter document - 2019 MDR - was released in January 2019 and Trump declared its content "revolutionary" and as a "beginning of a new era" of the missile defense program. Despite the extension of the missile defense concept and the introduction of a new space defense program, the current steps of the Trump's administration do not indicate any radical shifts as described by Donald Trump himself. This thesis also presents a historical overview of the U.S. missile defense and aims to examine the recently released 2019 MDR in the context of the missile defense policy development in the last seventy years. On this basis, the bachelor thesis shows that the updated document 2019 MDR is not an "entry to the new era of missile defense", as Donald Trump proclaimed, but a continual follow-up to the plans of previous Obama's...
The perpetuation of Frozen Conflicts by De Facto States to gain International Recognition: Case Studies of Transnistria and Somaliland.
Rochambeau, Mathieu ; Riegl, Martin (advisor) ; Ludvík, Jan (referee)
This thesis has for major aim to present the de facto state through another approach, by placing their intrinsic frozen conflict situation as a rational choice rather than a symptom of the lack of recognition. To do so, the case studies of Transnistria and Somaliland have been chosen since, the de facto state's academic field had, so far, focus more on the Caucasus' cases - therefore lack of similar comparisons. It appears indeed that, both these cases possess numerous similarities - such as not basing their identity on ethnicity or religion. Thus, through an empirical research, it has been possible to approach the establishment of these two de facto states and the reason behind the lack of international recognition; but also the role and influence of the frozen conflict within their internal evolution as well as their role in its perpetuation; and finally, the place of their parent state and the international community in the continuation of the status quo. It seems thus that, if it remains unlikely to find out if Somaliland and Transnistria do use the frozen conflict as a political tool to reach their political goals - namely international recognition but also identity building -, it appears that all actors involved in these conflicts do benefit from the perpetuation of such status quo.
The Military component of the Counterrevolution - Egypt case- The root causes of the deep-state and its military hardcore counterattack against Egypt uprising.
Saad, Mohamed ; Kučera, Tomáš (advisor) ; Ludvík, Jan (referee)
In the course of time, the Egyptian army has developed a complicated network of economic interests as a privileged establishment, and independent from civilian oversight or political surveillance. This dissertation argues that; the well-established and long lasting independent economic interests may turn the military establishment to an independent stakeholder and closed, conservative group within the society seeks to preserve its own privileges by controlling over the political power and resist any external oversight including the democratic reforms that may create a threat to these privileges. Such military establishment is a direct threat to any democratic transition. In this case, the armies securitize the political sphere raising the democratic reforms as foreign conspiracy and an existential threat to its privileges and raise the nationalism and xenophobic rhetoric as it needs to create a political justification for their security practices that aim to crush the opposition and secure the political power. I suppose that the Egyptian case shows causal relations between the economic interests of the military establishment and the nationalism as a dominant ideology. Such military is leaning to not only control the political power, but it aims to militarize the societal values and control over the...
Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons: Case Study of Norway and the Netherlands
Sudakovová, Natália ; Smetana, Michal (advisor) ; Ludvík, Jan (referee)
Master thesis analyzes two NATO Member States, the Netherlands and Norway, and their approach to the Treaty on Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) which was signed on 7 July 2017. Both countries decided not to support the TPNW by either voting against it or abstaining from the negotiations. Research aims to explain why some countries refuse to ban nuclear weapons and what factors influenced the positions of the States on the TPNW. For this purpose, a model-based approach with three models (security, domestic and norm model) developed by Scott Sagan is being applied in each case. These models reflect three international relations theories: neo-realism, liberal institutionalism and constructivism. The security model takes into consideration the security environment that a state is in, whether regionally or globally. It considers security threats to be the fundamental cause of nuclear proliferation. The second model focuses on the domestic actors who encourage or discourage governments from pursuing the bomb, public society and domestic institutions. The last model examines the norms which prevail in the society and form state identity of the State. Based on these three different levels of analysis, the thesis explains what factors were critical in formulating the Dutch and Norwegian positions on...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 63 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
2 Ludvík, Jakub
1 Ludvík, Jaroslav
5 Ludvík, Jiří
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