National Repository of Grey Literature 6 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Air quality monitoring in areas with high traffic load
Ličbinský, Roman ; Huzlík, Jiří ; Hegrová, Jitka
Emissions of pollutants are one of the most serious problems of transportation, particularly as a result of a significant risk to human health. The causes of emissions of pollutants to ambient air are the exhaust gases generated by the combustion of fuel in motor vehicles. They are complex mixtures containing hundreds of chemical substances at different concentrations contributing to long-term warming of the atmosphere, the so-called "greenhouse effect" or often with toxic, mutagenic and carcinogenic properties for humans. The presented methodology was developed within project TE01020168 - Center for effective and sustainable transport infrastructure (CESTI) with the financial support of the Technological Agency of the Czech Republic within the Competence Centres Programme. Its aim is to unify the procedures for the implementation and evaluation of air quality monitoring in order to provide objective information on the actual status and development of air quality in areas with intensive transport. It summarizes the legislatively defined requirements for air quality monitoring and at the same time defines the pollutants whose very important source is transport and which should be monitored when assessing the impact of transport on air quality: nitrogen dioxide, (nano)particles, benzene, or platinum group elements and benzo[a]pyrene. The methodology can be used by the Ministry of Transport, road owners or their managers (ŘSD, regions and municipalities) as an effective tool for controlling both long-term monitoring and indicative measurements of air quality in the vicinity of roadways. At the same time, it will find application to metering processors and organizations providing their own air quality measurement to provide a standardized procedure to ensure a precise air quality assessment based on real data. The methodology will also help to deepen the knowledge of the staff of all the mentioned institutions and provide a standardized procedure for which, for example, contracting authorities may refer to public procurement.
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Toxicity Assessment of Firewaters
Rybková, Tereza ; Ličbinský, Roman (referee) ; Adamec, Vladimír (advisor)
The issue of toxic extinguishing water is currently getting more to the fore. When a fire arises a wide range of hazardous substances that may negatively affect the quality of some components of the environment. A significant problem can be then extinguishing water runoff into sewers or some components of the environment. The objective is to assess the ecotoxicological properties of extinguishing water, determine the toxicity of the extinguishing water by experiments and thus contribute to the deepening of knowledge in so very few solved problems.
Morfologie‚ chemická a toxikologická charakteristika pouličního prachu a suspendovaných prachových částic‚ včetně určení zdrojů původu
Centrum dopravního výzkumu, v.v.i., Brno ; Del favero, David ; Dočekal, Bohumil ; Večeřa, Zbyněk ; Mikuška, Pavel ; Ličbinský, Roman ; Huzlík, Jiří ; Adamec, Vladimír
Cílem řešení projektu je prohloubení znalostí a získání nových poznatků o chování, složení, morfologii a zdrojích pouličního prachu, a tím i suspendovaných pevných částic na lokalitách zatížených mobilními zdroji znečištění. Hodnocení vlivu látek vyskytujících se v ovzduší na sledovaných lokalitách (Brno - Kotlářská, Ostrava - Bartovice) jak z pohledu životního prostředí (toxikologické testy), tak zdraví člověka (odhad zdravotních rizik shodně označují ve sledovaných faktorech za více zatíženou lokalitu Brno Bartovice, i když druhou lokalitu nelze označit za vyhovující. Odhad celkového individuálního karcinogenního rizika je vyšší než uznávaná zdravotně bezpečná hodnota na všech sledovaných lokalitách.
Morphology, chemical and toxicological characterisation of road dust and particulate matter including sources apportionment: Final report - summary
Adamec, Vladimír ; Huzlík, Jiří ; Ličbinský, Roman ; Effenberger, Karel ; Mikuška, Pavel ; Večeřa, Zbyněk ; Dočekal, Bohumil ; Vojtěšek, Martin
Project brought new scientific results in the field of chemical composition, physical and toxicological characterization of street dust and particulate matter. Chemical analyses and statistical methods including receptor modelling result in identification their sources.
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Environmental and economical evaluation of clean vehicles promotion: Final report
Špička, Libor ; Dostál, Ivo ; Dufek, Jiří ; Jedlička, Jiří ; Ličbinský, Roman
This project was focused on environmental and economic assessment of tools for indirect promoting of clean vehicles. During the solution was proposed a set of possible support tools. The locality for application of tools was identified on the basis of air quality analysis. For the chosen city was created and calibrated the traffic model which was extended by two scenarios. These scenarios include a set of proposed tools for promoting of clean vehicles. The chosen scenarios were assessed environmentally and compared with the basic present state. On the basis of the environmental assessment was prepared the dispersion studies which were used as a basis for the assessment of impacts on human health. Other outputs of environmental assessment were used for the economic evaluation of proposed tools for promoting of clean vehicles.
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